Ayodhya Kandam

(The book on Ayodhya)


Translated by



(This is the second book of Ramayana. It starts     with  Dasaratha   wanting to make   Rama the king of Ayodhya  and ends with the sandals of Rama   ruling Ayodhya   from a village called Nandigrama.  Characters like Mandhara the hunchback,  Guha the hunter , Bhardwaja the saint   are introduced  in this book.  The other main  characters are  Dasaratha himself, Vasishta,  Sumantra the charioteer, Kaualya, Sumithra   and Kaikeyi the three   queens of Ayodhya, the other sixty thousand wives  of Dasaratha ,  Rama, Sita, Lakshmana , Bharata   and Shatrugna.   The wives of Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrugna   do not make their appearance in this   or in   other books that are to follow.)


 Kadavul Vaazhthu

(Praising  to God.)


       (Like all other books of Ramayana written by   the emperor of poets Kamban, this book also starts   with a prayer to God.. A brief summary  of the book   is given in this verse.)   


Oh Rama   who wears   the heroic anklets, due to the  cruel deeds,

Of the hunchback   and the younger queen mother  ,

You  left  the kingship  , crossed the   forest as well    as sea,

And  by killing Ravana,, solved the  problems   of Devas ,

And  the wise men   say   that   you are   spread ,

Like soul  in the body and sensations  in bodies,

In all the beings made  of five elements   without  any limits.


1.Mandhira  Padalam

(Chapter   on Royal council)


   (In this chapter Dasaratha called  for a meeting of the royal council and tells them that he   wants to crown Rama as the king and go  to the forest   to do penance . The royal council approves the proposal . Rama is summoned and told about this proposal  . After  his acceptance  Dasaratha fixes the next day   as the auspicious day for the coronation. The city starts    celebrating   the upcoming event in a grand manner.

 Ayodhya Kanda of  Valmiki Ramayana starts with   the departure of Bharata and Shatrugna to their uncle’s place , The meeting of all citizens, kings  and sages is called. Dasaratha proposes    that Rama   be made as the junior king(yuva Raja).  He sends for Rama and makes arrangements   for the coronation. Valmiki  Ramayana drops hints that Dasaratha    wanted to avoid Bharata   and Shatrugna ‘s  and their uncle’s presence during the coronation.)


1314.Dasaratha who owned  the angry  royal elephant  which  has been beautified,

With the  series of  big drums   blaring   forth  like the clouds,

With cowries made  of    the hair  of the musk dear   being rotated,

Reached the hall    of the royal council , where  aspects are thought  about.


1315.After  Dasaratha   reached the council hall  ,as per his humble request,

His relations   and friends    left   that hall , and

Protecting    the world with people    who are  equal to him    there,

Like Lord Vishnu  who holds    the wheel of Yoga  becomes    alone.


1316.That Dasaratha   who   ruled the earth and whose white ,

Gem studded Royal   umbrella    touching    the clouds ,

Summoned the elders  of the royal council,

Who were like   the Guru of  Indra , the king of devas.


1317,In the rule of that matchless   king   who wore ,

Pretty   heroic anklets  , The sage   Vasishta who is considered ,

As the fourth  after   the  holy trinity , 

Who is  searched by devas    and sages    and

Who  like the god can order the king came.


1318.  Many with greatness   due to high birth ,who were  trained in all arts,

And who   had great  knowledge  due to experience  and its implications came,

They were  people who spoke  without bias   in spite  of problems caused   to them,

And they also had  no pride  which is the root of anger and  supported Dharma.


1319.They   were people   who could guess the future by knowledge of past,

And were having the ability   to change it   if bad results come due     to fate ,

They were elders who belonged to great families and had the knowledge from rare   great books,

And   when we consider respectability , they were like   musk deer.


1320.They were the great  people   who increase   the political dharma  ,

Who could take decisions after  understanding proper place and time, 

After   gathering   methods   for implementing them,

And after Comparing it with knowledge   in great books    of justice  ,

And  after praying God and they were   those  who gave

 All good results  to their king after  scientific understanding  .


1321.They   were prepared   to accept the harsh results of the   anger of the king,

And  advice  him properly when he is angry , even not bothering for their life ,

They would never deviate   from proper dharma   and were  capable  ,

Of  understanding past , present and future   and tell truth and nothing else.


1322.They like doctors who were only bothered about good of their patient,

And  who were not bothered about the likes    and dislikes  , were capable of advising the king

Were only   bothered     for his good and not bothered    for his preferences,

And they were  those who help the king   when unexpected evil effects  befall him.


1323. They  were all wealthy  and though they were  sixty thousand in number,

They were one,  when the good    of their   very masculine king ,  and those  ministers ,

Who were difficult    to obtain  like the waves of ocean that folds   filled the council hall.


1324. They came  according to their rank   and after   saluting the sage,

Who knew   everything from beginning to end   and after   saluting their king,

Got up in to their  seats as per their rank   and   also received   the grace ,

Of their king who knew    the way to speak    as per the situation.


1325.When those ministers   were   sitting   there,

Receiving the grace of their king  , Dasaratha   also,

Saw   their faces   as per their importance  and told them,

“ I have seriously thought  about  an important decision,

And you know  my feelings   and you  may listen to it carefully.”


1326. Without altering in any way   the rule  of ,

All the great kings of the dynasty of   the king ,

Due to your good  cooperation  , I have been,

Carrying this earth  for  past sixty thousand years  on my shoulders,


1327.Like the maids   protecting their virtue which is proper for them,

I have been ruling the earth   due to the God   of Dharma  ,

And have been doing all possible good   to all beings,

And I   have now decided   to the good   suitable   to my soul.


1328.I who have  reached the desired stage of kingship  since a long time,

And like    the Adhi Sesha with great head  , the  elephants   in different directions,

And like   the eight heritage mountains    who are   lifting the earth,

I am not able to lift even a little    the burden which  I have been lifting till  now.


1329.The great ones who were born in our clan who were   far away from offenses,

After entrusting the    job  of ruling the country  to their sons , used to go to the forest,

And   destroyed    the attractions   due to their five senses   and attained salvation.

I am trying to count the number   of such greats   and see   no end to it.


1330.I  who have won over all my  great enemies    in  this  earth surrounded by water ,

In the worlds in heaven  and    the worlds  below occupied   by serpents,

Do not want to live  with fear   to the enemies within me,  like   passion  and others.


1331. When Kaikeyi  who has soft new  leaf like feet   painted  by juice of red cotton,

Was driving the chariot  , I had won  over   ten chariots driven by    very angry asuras,

Would  I,   who has  a contended mind , not be able to easily defeat,

These   five chariots  of the mind being driven by   devils?


1332.Those   who have opposed  enemies who threaten  in the battle  field and kill them,

And those   who have attained    great wisdom   and have understood life,

Realize that  “Wealth is useful only in this world”   and  forsake it  ,

And attain salvation and except these   who are  all capable of attaining salvation?


1333.Is there a greater evil then repudiating   the fact that,

All those born in the world have to die  , and except for  ,

Giving up attachments   there   is no other   help,

To cross this very huge   ocean   of birth  and death.


1334.The very great action of giving up the world   and ,

Getting the knowledge of truth     that    would lead to it  ,

Are the    two great wings   that   would   help us,

To cross this big prison  of birth,

Is there anything sweeter   than crossing that prison?


1335.By catching hold of the soul called  five senses   which bring sorrow,

Moving away from  those crimes   which come due to great  undefeatable  enmity,

If the mind is engaged   in ruling  over the world of salvation,

 Then  it would be  considered as  sweet   and will it  think about  the   rule  of this   world?


1336, Due to my getting you all as    senior advisors  , I was,

Able to rule   over this world by  giving it proper care,

And do several acts of Dharma   and you all  thus helped me,

In  spreading   my fame   in the entire world,

And you should now help me   to a  comfortable other world.


1337,One   who wants to cross  all those old karmic   deeds,

Can possibly get it only through   very great penance  ,

And is it proper    not to touch   a vessel of  nectar like food,

And instead of that     drink very strong poison?


1338. The life under  the sweet shadow   of  the white  umbrella,

And  the peacock feathers tied   on a pretty elephant in rut  is not stable.

And will   keeping on eating   that   already  tasted    food,  give more pleasure?


1339.I was sorrowing for   a long time  because  of absence of sons,

And Rama was born to me to relieve    of this long standing pain,

And I just  thought of making   that Rama   suffer this kingship,

So that   I can escape from it    and get salvation.


1340.Instead   of being told by  others that  , this father of Rama ,

Did not sacrifice his life in the battle field   and even after ,

Becoming very old , he did not adopt the life   of salvation,

It is better   that  I  hear that  I   was never born in this world.


1341.After  seeing that the  gem of males   Rama was born to me  as my son,

And that  the  great one got married to Sita who is like Goddess Lakshmi,

I want now to see   that rare son   marries   the Goddess earth,

Of very great qualities and greatly enjoy that   experience.


1342. I want   that the honourable   lady   called   earth  ,

Who is fully lady like and  the lady who sits   on the red lotus,

Should marry and live happily with   the husband that they  love,

And I do not want to postpone this   result of my penance.


1343.” So I want to give this   kingship    to Rama  and start,

The  great penance  to remove   this sickness   called birth,

And for this  I have   decided   to reach   the forest.

What is your opinion,” said he  to them.


1344.When  the king who had huge shoulders   told like this ,

Those advisers  with joy greatly ebbing out of their mind,

And at   the same   time thinking of the pitiable state  of parting with the king,

Were like the cow   which was   not able to leave  both its calves.


1345, Then   in spite of that   thinking   that the king   does not,

Have any other   option other  than doing like that and also,

Considering that  there is no better  king  to all the  beings that live,

Due to the   force    of fate  agreed to the decision of the king.


1346.Vasista    the son of Lord Brahma    with four heads  , after analyzing,

The opinions   of the ministers    who have   assembled   there and

The thoughts  of the king  and the good    that is likely,

To happen to all beings   of the world told like this.


1347.”Oh king , Oh suitable person  , several kings  in your clan,

Have rolled this wheel   of kingship     and had    attained great   fame.

Who  can be there   who do not   appreciate  Rama?

To you  who have learned all  great books   and have understood them,

This is the only action that you can take and this is the Dharma,

That   remains to be done. You have  thought  properly.


1348. Oh great one ,   who has    done fire sacrifices    for the good of all,

You can now do great penance  and  the earth   who wears pretty waist belt,

After  parting from you  , would be  not made   feel bad for  loosing  contact with you,

 As the son Rama born to you , who wears the heroic anklet would not allow her do it.


1349.  Except telling that   Rama is the personification of Dharma  ,

And is the incarnation of Lord   Vishnu    in this world  ,

What other   thing can be told by     us at this time?

That very  strong one   would even    correct   the  trinity ,

Who look  after creation, upkeep and destruction of the world.


1350. Oh strong one , Goddess  Lakshmi who    creates beauty   and the lady earth,

Consider that     Rama is    their  sweet  help for life  , and if they say  ,

“That   he is their help who is like    their soul  “, it would not be wrong,

He   who is good to you   , who have    given birth to him,

Would also be good   to all the beings that live on earth.


1351.”Oh Valorous one   , due to the fact   that   if someone,

Chants the name of Rama   daily   all his problems   would go away,

All the Brahmins who recite Vedas    and others   are considering him,

 As the result of all the good   deeds done by all of them.

When this is so, what can we tell about their love   towards him?”


1352.”As for the very famous Janaki  , she is  better  than earth,

In her patience   and in beauty she resembles Goddess  Lakshmi,

In wisdom she   resembles   Goddess   Saraswathi   and in efficiency  ,

She resemble the Goddess   who rides    on the deer,

And her husband  Rama   is  better  than even our eye.

People who have learned   and not those not learned  consider  him,

Better   that the water   we take  to live   and the soul of the body.”


1353.”Oh king  , among those who protect  humans, devas and all others,

Sweet souls of this world , no one is better than Rama in protecting them.

When the greatness of Rama is like that  , when we see   the great deed,

That you propose to do  , there  is nothing other than  godly penance .” said Vasishta.


1354.  When Dasaratha   heard    the    words of sage Vasishta  , he became more happier ,

Than the day  that  he had his son  , the day when Rama broke the    bow of Lord Shiva,

And the day    when the sage with an axe   was defeated   by   Rama.


1355,After becoming greatly happy like that  , with tears of  joy in his eyes,

He saluted   the  lotus  like feet of that sage  Vasishta   as per ritual  and told him,

“Great sir, you   told me words which are   sweet to my   ears and my mind,

Was  I not able  to      rule this earth alone    , because of grace   on me,

Would not Rama    also be able to rule    it like that  with your aid?”


1356. “Oh sage who is like my father, because  of  your advice to them,

The kings of my clan  established  endless  fame that    can never be destroyed

In this world  , completed   several   yagas and won over   their good and bad fate

 And I also got that great  luck,”   said   he   to that    great sage


1357.That faultless    sage of penance    did not reply anything to this,

And   due to   the  sign made   by face of the great council members ,

Who were capable     of great thought    and  deep thinking,

To suit the great Dasaratha  , Sumantra stood before  , saluted and told.


1358. The words  that you told that “Kingship to Rama is suitable”,

Makes us happy but  your intention to go away makes us very sad,

It is not proper for you to leave   out    that Dharma    which was done  .

Without  forgetting by the leaders   of your clan and what can be the thing,

That can be  more   harsher   than Dharma. What is it?”


1359.With the minds playing due to joy  like drum,    for the  kings who had ,

Huge  army of elephants, for the people of the city  ,  for  the old

Members of the council    and   to the    great    sages like Vasishta  ,

He told, “Perform as  per ritual  the coronation   of your gem like son Rama,

And then   you take action    to get    detached with this   world  as per you wish.”


1360,When these words    were softly told by Sumantra  , the king  told,

“You told  properly.  After   celebrating the   crowning   of Rama,

We will do necessary things later. So you , yourself go   with great speed,

And bring  that husband  of Goddess Lakshmi   here.”


1361,That Sumantra who knew the mind of the king then saluted him,

Travelled fast  in the king’s avenue where  mountain like buildings  were there,

With   as much joy   , as  if he has  himself got the world,

And with a golden chariot entered   the     home    of Rama.


1362.Lord Rama  was sitting there along  with young Lakshmana   who was   holding ,

The cruel   bow  which is always with him  and along  with Sita,

Who was like sweet  nectar  among ladies  ,  was sweetly  sitting near him .

Sumantra    with his eyes  and mind   which were  like bees  saw  ,

That  very sweet combination   with great joy.


1363,He saw them , saluted them   and said   to Rama,

“Oh Lord  , The king who owns this earth which is surrounded by ocean,

Told me, “There  is  a matter  to tell and so bring Rama   quickly.”

Then the lotus eyed Rama    suddenly got up   and  like a black cloud,

Got in to  the huge chariot  of Sumantra , on which a flag   was flying..


1364. With drums in  a row  raising huge sound like a  unified cloud,

With  the  conch bangles from ladies    falling down   with sound,

With devas    shouting, “ all our problems have been solved”,

And with surrounding the flowers on his head , He got  in to the chariot.


1365.When Rama entered the road lot  of musical instruments  were played,

The flower arrows of God of love  increased  , the strings of bow   made sound,

And the great waters   of the thought  of Rama, broke the dam  called,

Control of  mind   of the ladies and they left off shyness  and ,

Filled   up the entire street like   female   deer.


1366. In the gates of   big buildings with   long pillars , its  moon lit courtyards,

Several lotuses   flowered   with ear globes   and untied   hair ,

They flowered in the   windows of those   buildings   and appeared  as if,

Swords  getting mixed with blood stained spears and bees   and fishes. 


1367. On the flower garland lying on the mountain like chest of Rama,

Who  had round moon like face   and black cloud like colour and,

Who was the lord of Devas  , the fish like eyes   of ladies  who had   red  lips  ,

Followed their characters  like shyness and settled along with bees there.


1368.With their dresses   going down along with    their cloud like hair,

The  flowers  fell down,  With their cool eyes  making    groups of pearls,

There were flowers which they threw   and also there  were   dried flowers,

As they had to come through   the ornaments worn over  their youthful breasts,

And  besides   from the star filled sky  the devas    also threw  well opened flowers.


1369.As soon as they saw Rama, they removed the  lustrous sword like eyes,

From the eyelid like scabbards , came carrying their moon like   faces  with great effort,

And they who were  looking like golden horns   had sweat on their  tender coconut,

Like breasts   and on that  they had brown golden patches with gingelly like spots ,

Which were   both indicating    their love sickness  towards Rama.


1370.When such things were happening there, all males who saw Rama,

Became happy like    the cows seeing their calves  , and he along with,

His pure brother   rode   on   the chariot  of Sumantra  and .

Reached the   council hall with the happy  Dasaratha  and entered there.


1371.As per the traditions that were followed, after Rama saluted   the  sage,

He saluted   the lotus like feet of Dasaratha    who was an expert  in sword fight.

When he saluted like that, Dasaratha   with   ebbing love towards him.

With eyes shedding tears  of joy   hugged   tightly to his chest,

 That Rama   who was consort of Sita  who had    fruit like cheeks.


1372.Dasaratha   hugged   his   son who is personification of all good,

So that he wanted to measure his ability   to rule the earth surrounded by water,

By measuring   the mountain like shoulders   of Rama   and  his  garlanded chest  ,

Where  Goddess Lakshmi lives with his  own shoulders  as well as chest.


1373.After making Rama    sit near him  with great joy  and after seeing him with joy  he told,

“Oh  master with  long shoulders  who  destroyed the fame  of he , who has an axe to fight,

 There is something   that  I need   from you as one  who has given birth  to you and brought  you up.”


1374.”Oh Master  , I have become greatly tired, the old age  which is difficult to bear ,

Has crept in to my body and so I need your help   to get out of the great prison,

Of  the  heavy  responsibility of ruling  this very wide  country , which is sorrowful,

And   allow  me   to lead a life leading to salvation   by travelling in the matchless path.”


1375.”The great ones   give birth to a son who has   all  responsibilities  ,

Get away from sorrow   and enjoy life   in this world   and the other,

And  it is not proper   for me  who have begot a son who is

Dharma personified  to get   tired  and so if you wish  ,

To  obey my useful words  and help me do what I should.”


1376.”Oh son  , the great crowned    pretty kings   of our clan  ,

For the sake of their sons   to  become kings and protect   this broad land,

Destroyed   the three enemies(anger , passion  and confusion)   which were  made by five    senses,

Completely   and attained salvation and their number  cannot be estimated.


1377.”Due to the good that we do in previous births   and by the,

Yagnas(fire sacrifices)  that  I did  in this life  , I begot you as my great son,

And suppose  I continue   in this sorrow  of kingly life  ,

When would I able to get fulfillment got by begetting you.”


1378”.I who am suffering due to the  burden of the kingdom  , like,

A bull  drawing a cart   with heavy  burden on one side   and being lame on   the other side,

Want  to get rid  of that sorrow   and attain the limitless   joy of   wealth of salvation,

And oh master , you have to help me  in fulfilling my desire.”


1379. “Once upon a time    the matchless Bhagiratha  , due to his ancestors  ,

Not having  the character of travelling in the right path  , for the sake of their salvation,

Brought the river Ganges  from the feet of Lord Vishnu   , who is  the deity of our clan,

In to this world   and made   his fathers climb in to the world  , where there is no return.”


1380”.In this world those    who have  come out of great sorrow are  not

Those who live as kings or   those who are like  Indra living in heaven ,

And wearing golden heroic anklets   or those   who have   done great penances 

But those   who beget   children who    follow   what they order.”


1381.”Because   of that do not think   that the king gave  me the heavy burden,

Of kingship   which causes lot of sorrow   in a deceitful  manner   but,

Wear the crown which this  king wears   and make  grow the dharma of just rule  ,

And I only request    you to agree   to my humble demand.”


1382.When his father told him like that  ,  the lotus eyed Rama  ,

Did not  think  that he  had got the kingship   nor did he  berate ,

It , saying it is sorrowful but  he thought that being a king    is his duty,

And he would have  to obey whatever    has been   ordered by the king to him  ,

And that    accepting kingship by him is the only just action  ,

And  decided  to accept the kingship that    was offered to him.


1383.Dasaratha   with white royal umbrella  understanding mind of Rama,

After  telling him, “give me this boon” hugged  him as if he merges with his soul,

And surrounded    by his council members    who were like veda  ,

Reached    his palace which   did not have  anything comparable to it.


1384.Rama with    high  and pretty shoulders   along with great Brahmins,

 Many kings of great character  , the lads of Ayodhya     who were happy to see him,

 And ladies   surrounding him  on all    his sides   reached    his great palace.


1385-1386,Dasaratha  in his letter head   with the seal of Garuda  , which ,

Brought him greatness   sent gold  letters   to all victorious  kings  and ,

Said to great Vasishta  , “oh great one  , please arrange   all that is needed,

To Crown Rama    with  the  great crown   which is made artistically  ,

As per   need and as   per   tradition.” And then that sage of great penance  ,

Said , “great”    and   with joy got    in to a great chariot   and,

Went along with crore  of Brahmins   and told    the kings there,

“Oh kings  ,   as per royal tradition  , the wealth and country  ,

That is being given to Rama   are   as  great   as his consort Sita.”


1387.Those kings   who had drunk the sweet words  told by Dasaratha  ,

Did  not stand normally   but got drowned  in that water  of joy,

And since the joy in their mind    had crossed   its limits,

And appeared   at the bottom oh hairs all over their body  .

Became  like souls   which leaves the body and reaches heaven ,

And felt as if they have all reached this heaven     along with body.


1388.Those  kings  having    same thought and being happy  ,

Each thinking that the other became king like him   and becoming happy  ,

Came   row by row and saluted  Dasaratha   who had white Royal umbrella,

And  softly  told their opinion  “your thought  is really great.”


1389.They told “Let the world   belong to Rama  , who destroyed the pride,

Of Parasurama   who destroyed our families for the past twenty one generations,

Using   his very sharp axe,” and “This decision is according to Dharma.


1390. All kings who did not have any difference   of opinion   told like this,

And Dasaratha   keeping these deep in his mind    and not showing out ,

His inward   joy   , told this to   know about  the measure   of their opinion.


1391.”Did  you tell this after being confused   by the  love  towards my son,

Or the words told by you    was done after    hearing   my thoughts  ,

And has   been done because  of  real joy of   your mind,

I would like to know from you , which of them?”


1392.When Dasaratha told like this to them  , those kings told  ,

“oh great one  , please hear with joy   the love ,

That people of different parts   of  this country,

And other countries  , have on your son.”


1393.”Oh king born in dynasty of Manu  , like we tell that  ,

The wealth of kingship without any drawback  should come to Rama  ,

He already has   permanently charitable nature   and very good behavior ,

Great   understanding of truth  ,  the nature  of looking after elders.”


1394.”Who are there  in this world   who would like to prevent,,

The public water body to be filled up  or  trees to grow  healthy ,

So that they can be  useful to all   or clouds rain in proper season  ,

Or the   river that irrigates  the fields always has adequate water   


1395. Oh king who has elephants who have    trunks   as big as ,

The palm tree  ,  similar to all beings who had nature  of loving you  

Rama also has    similar and same type of love  to all of them,

And   they also   are   having  love   towards  him.


1396. When Dasaratha heard the council members  tell like that ,

The entire  mind of that king was completely filled with joy,

And all his sorrows vanished from his  mind  , and he ,

Became one who expresses joy   and   ,

Started    having his eyes    filled up with  tears of joy.


1397.Dasaratha  told the kings ,”Oh kings   who are  firm on,

Lack of bias  , good activities  , the dislike   to bad deeds  ,

From now on Rama is the son of you all   and instead  ,

Of telling “my son”  , I will  tell  “your  son”.

And entrust  him to you. Please  look after   him.”


1398. After   the council ended, That  king who ruled ,

Taking with him   an expert who knew astrology  ,

Went   inside   a mountain like   hall ,

For finding  the auspicious day   for the coronation.


2.Mandharai   Choozchi Padalam,

Chapter  on Mandhara’s evil plan.


(This chapter begins by telling how the information about the crowning reaches the queen Kausalya   of Dasaratha. Dasaratha   as per advice of astrologer decides to have the coronation next day.  The entire  city is decorated. Sage Vasishta goes and Rama and advices him how to rule the country. Kooni the hunchback friend of Kaikeyi poisons her mind and she decides to ask two boons from Dasaratha,

    No temple or worship in temple is mentioned in Valmiki Ramayana.  In Valmiki Ramayana Dasaratha  himself informs Kausalya of the coronation . Sage Vasishta only instructs Rama and Sita about rituals to be observed and nothing about how to rule. Honouring of Brahmins as a duty of the king is not dealt in Valmiki Ramayana in this great detail.. No ritual is conducted by Sita in Kamba Ramayana.  Kooni  according to Valmiki Ramayana is one among the dower sent by Kakeyi’s father.  The incident of her being hit by Rama   is not mentioned in  Valmiki Ramayana. There  is a hint in Valmiki Ramayana that  Kekaya   had taken a promise from Dasaratha , that her son would be   crowned as the king. )


1399.When these things were happening in the royal council,

Some four ladies   who knew about it  who were  loving Rama,

Along with open breasts   due to the cloth getting untied,

With   untied long   hair  which had fallen  ,

Who were  trying to catch hold  of their fallen dresses,

And with their waist breaking   ran speedily to tell the news.


1400.Those four girls  were dancing   and were  singing,

Without bothering about the tune  and made all those  ,

Who see  them keep their hands over their head  ,

And without knowing what to tell went in front of Kausalya.


1401Kausalya who had given birth to Rama   who had the colour of the cloud,

Saw those ladies who came to her   with love  and said, “Oh ladies  with ,

Mouth like the red fruit  , from seeing you,  I can guess that  you have come here,

To tell a very happy  news and so please   tell me that joyful news.


1402, They said, “The emperor Dasaratha  is going to keep the crown,

Which has been there for ages  ,  on   the head  of Rama , who is ,

Your worshipful son   so that all kings would salute his feet with heroic anklets,

And  are going to tell him  , “For a long time  protect this    world.”


1403.Hearing that  thinking that  her son would get the wealth of  kingship,

A sea of joy was created in her mind   and making  is subside ,

Was the  fearful thought   that   the king would go to the forest  ,

And made her feel   that Badamukhaagni  was drying away her throat.


1404,In spite of that she presented    to    the ladies    who brought the news,

Invaluable pearl necklaces  and  heaps of wealth   and  ,

Then along with Sumithra who was   very close    to her  ,

She reached  the temple   of the God who had the   shining wheel.


1405.After going there   she saluted   the feet  which was like a flower in the pond of,

Lord Vishnu  who was  sitting with Goddess  Lakshmi  and  the Goddess earth,

And who   was   the soul, the wisdom  and source  of all the devas  .


1406.That Kausalya   who kept   in her belly,  that enchanter God 

 Who had  kept  in his divine   belly     all the worlds ,

Prayed  , “please shower your grace on my son,

 Who by your grace   was  born to me.”


1407.After requesting like this  , she arranged   to worship,

The consort of Goddess  Lakshmi  to be worshipped  as per   four Vedas.

And gave as charity cows with calf    to all  those .

Who were doing  penance   near   the temple.


1408.Meanwhile   the experts in  mathematics   told Dasaratha,

That the  most auspicious day for   crowning  of Rama was the next day,

And as soon as  he heard that Dasaratha    who owned   huge  elephants  in rut,

And also was wearing heroic anklet , requested  Vasishta    who had done great penance ,

And caused  sufferings   to his own body  to come there  and he came.


1409.Dasaratha told him,   “Tomorrow is the auspicious     day ,

And  to that Rama who  has shoulders where  pretty bows rubbed,

Should be made to do the necessary rituals   with great speed,

And he has also to be taught  the dharma   of proper   rule.”


1410, Vasishta travelling with more   speed than his great joy,

Reached the door of  Rama , the Lord of the Manu clan,

And hearing about his arrival , the well garlanded Rama  ,

Came out and sweetly received   him and took him  inside his palace.


1411. That Holy Vasishta   who   was  capable of   doing great penance   without rest,

Looked at Rama   who had learned lot of great books   and  had lot of heard-knowledge,

And said,  “Oh expert in war  , Dasaratha    who has great  love towards  you,

Is going to give away the rule   of this kingdom to you tomorrow.”


1412.After saying this , he again looked at Rama   and said,

“There is some thing very important that    I need to tell you,

Hear it with attention   and follow   it with sincerity,”

And after  this  he started  telling the well garlanded Rama.


1413.”Brahmins   who are expert in Vedas   are greater than,

The black colured Vishnu, Shiva   with an eye on his forehead  ,

The Brahma who sits  on his own lotus flower , growing out   of the belly,

, The five great elements    as well as truth  and so salute them mentally.”


1414.”Oh son  , Is there  any method    to find   out,

The number   of Brahmins getting angry , number ,

Who join with our   mind and shower   their grace  ,

And the number of devas who became sad   and those  ,

Who became   great without   any effort. , due to that,”


1415,”And so Rama , because  Brahmins   are  like that  , You ,

Salute the   holy feet of such Brahmins  who  have  moved ,

Away from cruel deeds , praise and pray them  , tell sweet words ,

To them   and also    do the jobs   as  ordered by them.”


1416. “When they order  , the fate would also help you,

To  become   great and also   to get   destroyed,

And there is nothing greater than   praising ,

Those devas  of the world .”


1417. Even the holy trinity    who get great strength  by possessing the,

The rolling wheel, the  trident and  the Goddess  Saraswathi   who never gets confused,

If they leave out  holy dharma  , purity of the mind   and merciful behavior,

They   would find that  nothing  good   is happening to them.


1418.”Oh son of justice  , You  do not posses   the qualities like ,

Deception  which can  lead  you to   your destruction   but  ,

Please think  about  how  one attains such criminal   habits.


1419.When you  do not have enmity with   any one   ,

You do not  fight  with any one, your fame  would be stable ,

Your army   would not reduce and it would be stable, ,

And if it  is so   would any one  want to fight with you?


1420.”Oh son, Controlling the five    sense organs  which lead ,

To their controlled pleasures , if one   daily   examines ,

The income to the government , we would be strong enough ,

To scare  our enemies   and that   is the ideal rule   and that rule,

Is like a penance ,  one does standing on the tip  of the sword.”


1421.”Even if one is   Shiva with  his consort  of Uma   or Lord Vishnu riding high on Garuda 

Or  Lord Brahma having eight  eyes   that does    not blink  or to the king with  great shoulders  ,

The ruling  of      the country according  to advice  of    Minister is masculine   thing to do.


1422.T o  those sages    who have  become ones with only bone   and skin,

And  the devas   who do not   have that   also ,   the control of Their great enemy,

Which is their sense organs   do not have   a better wealth   than,
Love , which has nothing before  or after  in all the three  worlds.


1423. In this world  of all  beings , The kings are  like bodies,

To all those souls   and to them  , if they do not cross  the limits of Dharma,

And Truth,  at any time without any doubt   whatsoever  ,

What is    the need of doing    Yagnas and Yagas?


1424.If a king talks sweetly  , has  charitable habits  ,is a thinker,

Who  puts in effort to do work ,  is   pure  , is great, gets victories ,

Who never   moves away from the tenets of justice  even a little  .

Then would    that   king    face destruction at any time?


1425. By  removing all those which do not support   good character,

And  maintaining   his sense of justice  like the hand of balance used to weigh gold,

Any great king who rules    the world  ,  and he  would   not need  an eye,

Except  the time when they are hearing the advice  of good ministers.


1426,If a king   acts as per the advice of sages   who are thinkers   ,

And are  deeply interested  in what they   do  without any change ,

Due to the great love and reverence   they have to them,

Then their love and honour towards  him is a  great weapon to him.


1427. If the passion raised  by  the ladies    who wear  pretty waist belt  ,

Who are termed as   the comets   on this earth, are not there in a king,

He will never face destruction  nor will he go to hell.


1428. Vasishta  who was an expert   on religious philosophy,

After   teaching these   and other  rules of Dharma   and justice,

To Rama who  is an incarnation of Lord Vishnu who swallowed all the three   worlds,

Along   with him   reached the temple   of   the God with thousand crowns.


1429.After worshipping the God   who sleeps on   his   snake bed,

He  made Rama bathe   in the auspicious waters made by chanting of four Vedas there ,

And after   completing all rituals    prescribed     by wise   people  .

He spread white Durba grass on the   floor and made Rama   sit on it.


1430. When Rama was sitting on Durba seat   and happily doing the rituals,

Vasishta who wears   the three stringed   sacred thread on his chest  ,

Quickly went back   and told   about it all to the  emperor , who ordered,

That the proclamation to decorate   the town be made by beating the drum,.


1431. The  One who proclaims   went round the city and   beat the drum and told,

“Rama    would be crowned as the consort   of the mother  earth,

And so let this   city be decorated.” And this also made the devas  happy  . 


1432.Though  the words that   that Rama the lad  , who had the fame ,

Of the poems singing about him   would wear the pretty crown,

Were one which made the ears sweet  , to all those people of the city,

It was like the offering given in sacrifices as  well as  nectar.


1433. They made great sound  , became  happy   and danced   and sang,

Some developed sweat  , some   increased in weight      due to joy,

To many the hairs stood erect  ,  and they praised  king Dasaratha,

And  gave great wealth to all who told this good news.


1434.Those loving citizens   of the city   beautified  it,

Which was already pretty    like improving   the luster,

Of the Sun    who has  packed together   rays ,

And   like  polishing   the Kausthuba  gem,

On the wide   chest of  the God who lies  down.


1435,Several rows   of flags  coloured as white, black   red  as well as other colours.

Appeared   in the city   and it was looking like   that all the birds   have entered the  city,

To witness    the great coronation   Ceremony of Rama   who wears flower garlands  with honey.


1436.There  banana stems resembling the thighs of the ladies were  erected,

And like  the neck of those ladies  , the city became crowded   with betel nut trees,

And like   the white colour of their smile  , here and there  garlands of pearl hung,

And golden pots filled with water resembling their breasts  were arranged.


1437.The early sun entered the city   through   the decorative  hangings,

Of the doors of the city  and a  distinct   ptrettiness  came to light  ,

And those decorative hangings  in the form of  sharks were  made to  touch the moon,

And gave out very great brilliance   and gave a  very fresh look.


1438.Those faultless pillars made of red gems   which were covered with white cloth,

Resembled   the white ash coated  Shiva having the blue coloured Uma  by his side,

And the  pillars  made of white  pearls  were looking like  morning sun hid by snow.


1439.The streets of the city with the luster  like full moon  created by   gem garlands 

And the rows    of gem stones   thickly erected   gave out light like   early sun,

And crowd of blue gems   creating light darkness   ,

And  the day  very well coincided to the day  fixed by experts  on  astrology.


1440. The  Groups of chariots   with decorations like dancing horses ,

Resembled the   planes   which have   descended from heaven to earth,

And the huge elephants   in rut   with shining   face mask  .

Was like the  rising mountain   which can be compared,

To the sun      roaming   in those streets.


1441.   In the city blessed with wealth  , on the huge walls built by crystal stones,

Red gems were climbing   and shining and  due to that,  the   red sky  ,

Which appears   in the evening  because it removes darkness , neither grows  nor   reduces.


1442.in those   streets with buildings   there  was   rain of flower,

Rain of water  , rain of fresh scented   powders   ,

Silver rain due to falling   of pearls   and the golden rain,

Due the dashing together   of golden gems    ,

And it looked  like     there   was a huge    rain there.


1443,Like the heroes who have tied their heroic anklets   with a   rope,

The Elephants in rut   which can be compared    to clouds,

Were tied  with she elephants    who were like the ladies of the city  ,

Who were wearing hanging waist belts  and  had chariot like  hips,

Walked along     with the garland with bells tied on them.


1444.In the city  the rising wealth , beauty   and joy  ,

Were not reducing   and   without knowing it earlier  ,

When the devas came to see the coronation  ,

They thought  they have not come to  Ayodhya and were confused.


1445.Due to the very   great sound    that was   being made  to decorate the city,

And make it   like the golden town of devas  , like   the   horrors done by Ravana,

Was born again in earth   to destroy  him  , Kooni ,a hunchback lady  ,

Who had   a cruel mind that is not approachable   came out and saw it.


1446.That Kooni who came out like that  , with her mind  shaking  ,

With great anger   and mind that was giving her pain  ,

With eyes   giving out fire sparks   , with voice   which was stuttering  ,

Started creating a matchless   sorrow  to all the three  worlds.


1447.  She recollecting  the  mud ball which hit her  , being  sent  by Rama,

In his very young days   in her mind  , with a mouth  with folded lower lips,

Reached the palace   of Kaikeyi who had   a red mouth   like Kovvai fruit.


1448.She reached Kaikeyi   who was like  coral garland  lying on the waves  of ocean of milk,

And was  like  a  lotus flower generated the best of the gems of  the four seas,

And whose   eyes were    showering grace   who was sleeping  on a very soft bed.


1449. Like   the bad  planets moving from one place to another to cause problems,

She neared Kaikeyi  who was the daughter of Kekaya   and touched her feet ,

Which was  like  a fully open lotus flower due to penance 

And on which she was    wearing   a golden     anklets.


1450.As soon as Kooni rubbed her feet , that lady who had a godly virtue,

Woke up   and though sleepiness  has not left   her long eyes ,

And being egged  by   the horrible fate  which will  bring her bad name,

She started  to talk   to her  in conversation.


1451.Kooni said,  “Like the moon shining with light which produces   coolness,

Every thing   does not change  even when    the cruel snake  Rahu  is nearing it,

Even while a great sorrow    is coming    to give you lots of trouble,

You do not seem to be sorrowing but sleeping happily.”


1452-1453.When that Kooni who was like  great poison   told like this  ,

Kaikeyi who had a spear like eyes  said “ My sons who hold  the bow,

To kill their enemies  are  doing well and  in their jobs,

They never waver from path of Dharma   and so  What bad  ,

Trouble can come to me now? And it   is told   that  ,

Those   who give birth to   sons with good characters ,

Which are praised by others , would leave   out,

Sorrow ,that cannot be removed    and attain salvation.

And when I have given birth to Rama   who is like Vedas ,

To   all the worlds which do not mix together , What problem can come  to me.”


1454.When Kaikeyi   who had very deep love    towards  Rama told like  this,

That Kooni , who was like the sin surrounding  her  started talking and told  ,

“Your welfare has been destroyed,, your wealth has   suffered ,

Your step wife Kausalya   due to her intelligence has got wealth and welfare.”


1455.When Kooni told  those words  , she who wears    selected ornaments,

Said,  “Since  my husband is the king of kings   and since   my son  Bharata,

Is a very  famous one  , What other greater   thing  is going to be achieved  by her?”


1456.”With masculine men making   fun of him  ,  bringing stain to his masculinity ,

Rama bent   his great bow to kill   a lady     who was  known as Thadaga ,

And   his coronation would be carried  out tomorrow  and this is what Kausalya got.”


1457.And when these words     were told to her ,  the mind  of Kaikeyi,

Was exactly like  the mind of Kausalya  and she  could not see the difference,

For ,   the father of Rama  had entered in to her mind  and was living there.


1458,Due to love rising up and  making  sound of happiness  like sea   in her mind,

 That pure one with a   faultless   face   shined like moon   and due,

To it further rising up   and cross    all the boundaries  , she gave  ,

A garland made of Rathnas which  was  like the chief   of all flames.


1459.The cruel Kooni   shouted  in a  loud  voice  , chided  ,

Stared with her   small eyes so that fire came out   of it,

Berated her  , Took deep hot breaths  , disfigured herself  ,

Cried and  using the golden chain to dig a hole on the floor.


1460.That kooni who  gave rise  to pain  saw Kaikeyi with anger ,

And said,  “you are ignorant  , your mind is not all right,

You suffer    sorrow   along with child born to you  ,

I cannot tolerate  you to be   servant  to the servants,

Of   your step wife      for a very long time.”


1461,  “When the  Sita with red mouth   and  the black prince  ,

Are seating in a high seat   with great joy  , if  the time comes,

When Bharata  without any thing  has to sit  on the floor 

You will think  about the reason for  your happiness,

As well  as  the good that you are likely to get for  being happy?”


1462,”Kausalya has not forgotten   the good that has come to her  ,

And Rama has attained the kingship which is wealth among wealth,

Because  Bharata was born to you he has   not died   and for,

What purpose has he to live? Though he is born , he is as good as  not born.”


1463, If the entire world   is going to be truly    ruled by Rama ,

And Lakshmana     and they also  are going protect    this country,

For limitless years   it is better  for Bharata  along ,

With his brother    to go away  and do great  penance.


1464.The well decorated  Bharata   who has the elephant in rut,

With prettiness   which attracts the lady of earth  , should rule  the earth,

And   should be kept in the   row of great kings,

But since he was not born to that, it is better he dies.


1465,”That king Dasaratha  who wears   heroic anklets made of gold 

Since Bharata   has not been lucky ,was  sent by him ,

Through the  mountain path with teak trees   to  ,

The Kekaya country   which is very far off.

I came to know the reason for that  only  today.”


1466,Again  Mandhara(kooni) started telling in a classified manner,

“Oh my son, Oh Bharata  , by giving   the country to Rama ,

By going away from  justice  , using the water  of the world,

Dasaratha   has become a cruel man and your mother ,

Also has become cruel  , In between them what can you do?”


1467.”Oh Kaikeyi , you who were born  in a royal family  ,

Who was brought up in a royal family  , got married in to a royal family,

Are falling in the ocean of sorrow , where to find the shore is difficult,

Even if I tell you are not   obeying  , do you  understand it.” said she.


1468.”Bharatha   has  knowledge ,, youth  , inestimable    strength  ,

Greatness  is war with bow   and  limitless very good qualities  ,

And if   he does not become the king  , all these ,

Would go waste like   the nectar   which falls   on grass.”


1469.When the cruel  words  were told by Kooni , making her mouth bitter 

Fell on her  , Kaikeyi felt as if   ghee   has been poured,

On already raging fire   and that  pretty daughter  of king of Kekaya,

 With great anger making her eyes   red stared   at Kooni  and started speaking.


1470.”Oh cruel one   , great people, like the lustrous   great sun,

   Will not swerve from the path of truth even if they loose   things like    their soul

These kings who belongs to the Manu clan     who follow  the  clan ,

Descendent   rules  like the peacock. Why did you tal ill of them  by base  intentions.”


1471.”Oh lady with an ignorant mind  , you are not   one who does good to me,

And you  are also not one    who does   good to  my son Bharata,

And if we examine as  per Dharma, you are  not one who does  good to yourself,

And due to being lead  by Karma , you are  telling what is in your mind.”


1472.”Giving bith to children loosing them and getting    another one 

All lead to fame  but if we lose  our fame  , lose our sense of justice,

Lose the nature of  following good path  , lose the penance that we are doing  ,

Lose  the valour   without  doing mistakes  or change   the rules  of our clan  ,

We lose   our fame    completely.”


1473.”Oh ignorant one  , go away    from my front  , I have pardoned you,

Without punishing you by  your  toungue   which is silly  ,

 If this is known to people    outside   you would   be considered ,

As having done treason    to justice    and  rules of behavior, so keep quiet.”


1474.That Kooni , in spite of hearing   these words  , like any  effort of curing poison,

Is not effective   in curing it   and causes sorrow   said , “Oh lady  who is like a pretty creeper,

Who is  in my protection  , unless I am able to do  good   to you  , I will not move out,”

And    fell   at the feet of Kaikeyi and   further talked.


1475.  “If we see  the practice that   the eldest   son inherits the kingdom,

Is not Rama with a colour of the blue sea , younger  than Dasaratha  who rules the earth?

And if  Dasaratha agrees   to give   the crown to    Rama     who is younger,

How can we stop Bharata     from inheriting    this   kingdom which gives progress?”


1476. Even  in case the sages   who are full of Dharma   and who have  done,

Very great penance  , after receiving difficult   to get wealth  , their   thought changes,

And though  Kausalya   does not  torture   you with intention of killing you,

By their mind    they would   cause you  great sorrow so that you would die by yourself.


1477.For Kausalya  who has   very broad imagination,  if  her son is   going to rule 

 Thinking of  the land  he gets is not sufficient , she would try to own the entire world,

And  you and your son who has great love to you ,  will own only what she gives you.


1478.To  those followed by sorrow and poverty who are forced to come  to beg in your house,

Would you give wealth after begging from her? Or would    you stand there ashamed?

Or would  you commit suicide   thinking   that   this bad    fate   has come to you?

Or would you say no to the beggars ? How are you going to live?


1479.Oh intelligent one  , Are you  worried as  to what is to be done?

In the future after some days , your father  , your brother  ,

The relations  of yours  or those    who are    there  in your clan,

Thinking of destroying their poverty   and loss in status , if  they come here ,

Would they be able to see  your wealth or the wealth of your  step wife  ?


1480.”Oh ignorant one  , fearing   your husband who has great love towards   you,

Janaka the father   of Sita with mouth as red as the red fruit  ,

Has not   waged a war and destroyed  your father   and he is  now uncle of Rama,

Is there any  future left to your father , Who are in this world who have  as much bad name   as you?


1481,Also your father   Kekaya   have other great enemies and  when they attack him,

If the king Of Kosala   does not go and help him  , how will your father  get victory?

Please tell that way, You have  firmly  decided  that  your relations   would fall  in the sea if Sorrow.


1482.You have completely spoiled the chances and   destroyed   your pet son Bharata.

If Dasaratha   who owns  the earth  dressed by the ocean with rising tides ,

Gives  the kingship to Rama   then later   it would  go only to his children,

Or his very close brother Lakshmana . Would it   ever come back to Bharata?


1483.When the cruel Kooni told like this  , due to illusion   created   by devas,

Who wanted   the  boon that   they had received  should come true ,

And also due   to   great penance done    by great Brahmins

 The mind of Kaikeyi changed to the path  that was  indicated by Kooni.


1484.Due to the sins of Rakshasas   and   the great penance  by other people,

Which stood in her mind   like a good deer  , she left off her good mercy.

And due to that   all these worlds  belongs to Rama even today  ,

And his  epic great   fame keeps on spreading everywhere  .


1485.That Kaikeyi whose mind has changed like that   saw with love,

That  Kooni  who was full of Karma  said,”You are having love   towards me.

You are being good to  my son Bharata also  .Please tell me  how,

That Bharata     would posses   that very pretty crown.”


1486. When Kaikeyi who had eyes like   the half cut   tender   mango , told like this,

Kooni said, “My friend is an able lady and   she who is my help   is a great lady”

And  Saluted the feet of Kaikeyi  “if you are   going to obey  my words and make the mind of Dasaratha,

Depressed then I will tell you how to make  all these fourteen worlds  come   to your only son Bharata .”


1487.She who was hunch backed in the mind also   said, “Oh lady with a cool gem like smile,

After great thought   I am telling you some thing.  When the Sambarasura who was wearing  ,

The garland of victory was defeated  , and Dasaratha    won as if that battle was an easy sport,

He gave you two boons   and now you demand that from him    and get it.”


1488.”Using one of those boons make , your son get the kingship,

And using the other   make , Rama wander  in the great  forest,

For fourteen years    after he goes away from Ayodhya ,

If you do this , the entire rich world   would   obey,

Your son Bharata    and this is the trick I suggest.”


1489-1490.When Kooni told  like this   , the very pleased  Kaikeyi  .

Hugged her like her own soul   and after   presenting  her,

With great wealth   and  garlands with costly gems    praised her by telling,

“You have given this   world surrounded by  the tumultuous sea,

To my son Bharata   and  so you have become mother  of a king.

You have told a good trick  . If Bharata   is not crowned by gem studded crown,

And if Rama is not driven out to the    dense   forest  ,

I  would take away   my soul before  king Dasaratha,

And go away from this world . You can go now.”


3.Kaikeyi choozhvinai Padalam

The chapter on conspiracy   of Kaikeyi


   (Kaikeyi acts as if she is upset and sad   and demands  from the king   the two boons he had promised her earlier. He agrees. Then she requests him to crown Bharata and send Rama to the forest for fourteen years. Dasaratha   is shattered .He begs Kaikeyi in various ways but at the end gives her the boon. The sun rises next morning. Sumanthra as per request of sage Vasishta comes to meet Dasaratha but Kaikeyi asks him to bring Rama. When  Rama comes Kaikeyi tells that Bharata should rule and he should go to the forest. He happily agres and goes back.

  Mostly Kamba Ramayana agrees with Valmiki Ramayana in describing incidents of this chapter.)


1491.After Kooni left  ,Kaikeyi got from the bed   of flowers  ,

Pulled   the  flower garland from   her cloud  like long hair,

Like pulling out the moon covered by  the huge cloud of monsoon,

And  threw it making   the  crowd of honey bees  scattered.


1492.Like completely uprooting   her fame which   was growing like a flag post,

She pulled  out   and threw away   her shining   waist belt  ,

She removed the anklets    with bell   from her  legs  also,

Like one who tries   clean the dirt from the moon  , she ,

Also rubbed off the thilaka  from her lustrous forehead  near her falling hair.


1493. Also she removed all her faultless ornaments  and dashed them separately  ,

Spread  her long hair where  musk ghee has been applied on the floor  and,

Shedding tears    and   made the kajal from her blue   flower like  eyes shed,

And   rolled on the bare floor    like a branch   where all flowers have been removed.


1494.The daughter of king Kekaya   was lying  exhausted  like  a deer which had fallen down,

Like a  normally dancing peacock stopping the dance and sleeping  ,

And like   the elder sister  of Goddess Laksmi,    who has arrived   there,

Thinking   that The goddess Lakshmi sitting  in a lotus flower   would go away from Ayodhya


1495,Dasaratha   who had long hands which held the wheel of  rule,

Who was  like a lion  , after the night crossed  mid night  ,

Accompanied by   kings who were saying  “long live”,

Reached the palace of Kaikeyi who had voice which even yaazh was scared.


1496-1497.With the kings accompanying him stopping  at   the gate of private apartments,

Along with maids   who would come running  and obey all his   orders,

The king of kings  reached  Kaikeyi  who had    very soft shoulders, who has got up from her bed,

And who had   broad eyes which were   sharper   than spears,

And when  he saw her carefully   he thought, What great sorrow has come,

And hugged  her  who was like   a female deer  and   with his  long  hands,

Which were like the  trunk of an elephant  started  lifting her.


1498.That Kaikeyi who was like a soul  to the king   who wore scented garlands  ,

Did no show any change   and removed the  long hands   of the king,

Again fell on the ground like   the fall of  a shining    flag,

And without telling any thing   started  breathing    deeply.


1499.That king who was   wearing a garlands   seeing her action and asked,

“What happened? Any one in these  seven worlds   who dared,

To insult you   would  meet their destruction  by being killed by me.

After you tell all that has happened  , you see my  action , tell without delay.”


1500.That Kaikeyi who heard  the words of the  king   who was wearing a garland,

Around which the bees hummed  , With tears from her   long eyes falling on her chest, told,

“If the grace   of your equals that of my eye  ,

Give me back   what  you have given to me long back   with great love .”


1501. Without understanding the mind   of Kaikeyi  from whose hair honey dropped,

Dasaratha    laughed   like   the lightning    which had   very great light   and told,

“I would do whatever your mind wants without leaving any shortcoming,

And I am taking an oath on the very charitable    Rama   who is your son.”


1502. When Dasaratha who   was having great qualities   made   that  promise  ,

She who did not have any doubt   about success   told  , “oh king,

If you want to  remove the great sorrow  that I have  , grant me,

Those two boons that   you offered to me with devas  as witness.”


1503.Dasaratha who did not  think and understand   the words of ,

Kaikeyi , who had a mind   to cheat him   told her  ,

“You need not  have become so sad   and miserable  ,

For getting those  boons from me, I  would give them now  itself ,

 So that heaviness of mind    leaves  you now itself.”


1504. She who  was more cruel than all that is termed  as cruel said,

“Using one boon that you gave me  , my son Bharata should rule this kingdom,

And using the other   the husband of Sita   should go to the  forest,”

And stood there   without   any  sorrow to her  mind.


1505.When that poison  left the   toungue of Kaikeyi   who was as cruel as the snake,

Shivering greatly not able   to hold that poison   , which caused  that great sorrow,

And his body burning and attaining  tiredness  , Dasaratha   fell on the floor,

Like an elephant whose great speed was destroyed   by   a serpent.


1506. Who can describe the sorrow of Dasaratha   who fell on the floor,

And rolled   on it   and attained   very great     sorrow?

With the pain increasing   and mind burning  like the fire,

Raised by the blacksmith using his bellows  , he let out hot breaths.


1507. His toungue  became dry  , the soul started  leaving his body,

The mind faded  , The eyes    let out lots  and lots   of blood,

And due to increased worries   the five sense organs  suffered

And were  wondering what   can be done by them.


1508.Dasaratha     who was suffering great sorrow  with  soul shivering,

Sat for some time  on the floor  , stood up  and again fall down,

And like a picture  his breath stopped   and wanted ,

To catch hold of that sinner   and dash her.


1509.That king who was like an elephant  in whose terrible wound,

A spear which was thrown by a powerful hand entered  ,

Was   ashamed  about the likely bad fame  if he kills a lady,

He  started  wandering    here and there   leaving out deep breaths  ,

With the great pain that   was   inside   his mind,

And then he will stare at  Kaikeyi and become  again  depressed.


1510.When that king who was like   an elephant in rut   which got tied ,

On a big staff  was with pain   in the mind falling down and getting up,

Devas   got scared   and started shivering   for it looked to them,

That the time of final deluge has come   but   the mind of Kaikeyi,

Who had an arrow like    eyes was stable and    was not wavering,.


1511.She was  not scared   by seeing the sorrow of her husband ,

Her mind did not get mercy and neither   was she ashamed,

And we   are  feeling greatly ashamed to describe her state  .

Wise people of yore   always thought  that deception was a lady,

And concluded that women  were ones without  line of attachment.


1512.That Dasaratha who was standing like that   and who was,

Having a spear    on which ghee was applied  ,  after seeing Kaikeyi,

Asked her “Have you ever been surprised? Or has some ,

Deceiver   spoiled your  mind, Tell me the truth with oath on  me.”


1513”Oh king  who has horses  kept under control  , I have,

Never been surprised   , no deceiver   has come and told   anything   to me,

If you grant the boons that you had promised earlier , I will receive them,

But if you do not grant them , I would die   leaving  the crime  on you.”


1514.That king who did not have any soul except his son  ,

Even  before the ignorant   one could complete , her words ,

Of   great anger  , got  confused like one   who was wounded,

By a great spear  on the burn wound  which was already there,

And fell senseless on the floor  with wounded mind   and with  wonder.”


1515.That Dasaratha   who had a sword by which   he had   achieved  victory,

Over  heavens  , earth   and land of  serpents   seeing Kaikeyi told ,

“Oh  cruel lady,  “ and then he would take a big breath    and again say,

“Alas, this Dharma is cruel” and while saying  “let the truth  die ,

He   would totter   and then again fall on the   ground  ,


1516.That Dasaratha who has won over great heroes   with his spear,

Became  greatly angry thinking  “Using my very sharp  sword,

I should kill   all the ladies  on   earth   and after that,

I would also join   the  beings who have reached the lower   worlds.”


1517.  That  king Dasaratha   who was   well known   in all the worlds,

For his dedication   to truth  , beat one palm with another  palm,

Bit  his lips  , would   let out hot breath    saying to himself ,

“Telling truth would harm me  “ and then  like  the fire ,

In which ghee   is poured  , he  became  sad with a broken mind.


1518.The king Dasaratha   who had  crowded  feet which   was being saluted  by great kings,

Who had an elephant army that breaks the staff   that they were tied one after another,

 Like a good king   who wanted to remove   the mistakes   that he has committed  while ruling,

Thinking   that patience is better if it leads to good  , Fell at the   feet of Queen Kaikeyi.


1519.He said, “your son would not accept this kingship   and even if he accepts,

This   world would not like it   and you would not attain your wish  for being praised,

 By all this people of the universe  at any time   and what is the use  ,

Of getting a bad name    and be berated    by all the world.”


1520.”Even devas will not accept  your decision , the people of earth will all die,

But what is the  need to think about the reaction of others? With whom shall,

You rule this world?  Rama has accepted the proposal   because of my words.

Would he not as per    custom give   this kingship to your son also  later?”


1521.”Oh lady  , who is the daughter  of the charitable   king of Kekaya ,

Even if you wanted my eyes  , I am bound    to give  it to you  and even if,

You want my soul which is in my body  , it is already under your control.

If you want that boon, please receive   only the kingdom and forget the other” , he said.


1522.”I have told you by my mouth  that I have given you   the boons,

Now I will not change it .Please do not tell such words  which would make me sad,

And which would make  suffer. Like a mother giving any thing if  some body begs her,

, Even a ghost with fire like eyes also would give   and would it be a mistake  if you grant this?”


1523.Like   this that victorious king   several times  begged her ,

But the mind of her   who was  matchless in cruelty  , did  not melt and she said,

“Oh king , you have given these boons earlier   and if you do not act on them due to anger ,

What will happen?  Who would be there   in this world to protect truth?”


1524.That king who never praised a “lie”   but always praised  the “truth”,

Hearing those words   was greatly hurt  , became further weakened ,

And with more patience than earlier and with shame    thinking  ,

“whether poisonous fire has come in the form of that lady”,

Stood some time breathless   started talking further  begging her.


1525.”Your   son would rule   and  you also would sweetly rule ,

All the earth would be under  your control  . You would  rule. I have granted this.

I would not change my words , Let my  eye like son   not go away from here “, he said.


1526.He further said,  “My truth would uproot   and destroy me   and I am sad,

Thinking  about my fate  . My toungue has dried talking   to you  ,If  today,

My son having lotus like hands   would go away from my presence,

I would not be alive and so my soul is under  your control.”


1528.Kaikeyi   who was not bothered about the sweet begging   words  of Dasaratha ,

Whose anger had not diminished,    Whose mind was like    a dried wood,

Who did not have sense of shame   and who was  not bothered about bad name  ,

Said to Dasaratha,  Oh king who is capable of lifting a huge bow,

“Please tell me that your asking me to leave out a boon that  you have given me,

At an early time  as  you have a   strong mind   and not following  Dharma.”


1529.When that   cruel lady told like this   that   great king   said to her ,

“If Rama is not crowned   and walks   with harsh forest full of stones,

My soul would truly go away from me  “ and fell down,

On the earth like   a huge   tree struck with thunder.


1530.He fell   and  got drowned the  waters   of  the ocean of great sorrow  ,

He further drowned   and drowning he    could  not see  the other shore of the ocean,

He faded   thinking of her   who caused great sorrow surrounding him,

Who was telling harsh   and cruel words   and who was  breaking his heart with them.


1531-1535.”the ladies who wear shining bangles   would merge with body

With    the soul of their great  husbands and would like   to die earlier to him,

. They have so far got only this fame  and no one has killed her husband ,

Oh  lady with a cruel heart , are   you killing  me now.

You are not seeing my sorrow   and you are  not bothered of current  behavior,

You never  think about Dharma  . You have killed “mercy”  from your mind,

You have   also killed   my great soul   by the sharp arrow of your toungue,

And you would be killed by people of earth  not bothered about the sin of killing women,

Good ladies   are those   who do not move away from greatness  and wear ,

The ornaments   called shyness, innocence    and fear   and those ladies,

Who desire  for fame  leave out shyness  and are   not good ladies.

For they are   masculine and never can be called feminine.

I  who have attained victory   over   all   the people, who have  been,

Crowned as kings    and all   those kings    who are  classified   as great,

Due to their strength   and wisdom  as well as devas  in all wars,

Would attain the bad fate  of facing defeat   from a lady of my own home.

That Dasaratha who had shoulders  like one gold mountain meeting another ,

Started thinking  in various ways   and became  sad   by  telling various things,

Would get drowned in ocean of sorrow  , would suffer   by various  types,

Of sorrow which are  different from each other   and   would  faint,

With a doubt whether  he was breathing at all   and his heart would break.


1536.When Dasaratha who was having  a chariot   with wheels made  of gold  ,

Became depressed   and was rolling on the earth with  the dust coating his  pretty shoulders,

Kaikeyi who did not have mercy in her heart   said., “oh king,

Who wears   golden ornaments  , Tell that I got it  properly,

Otherwise   I would take    away  my life.”


1537.Kaikeyi who was like the spreading raging fire   which does not get put out ,

And  destroys lives,   said,  “Oh king with a well tied  bow  , Did not one king,

Of your clan sacrifice     his own life      to protect    truth ? Having given the boon,

If   you are   sorrowing at the present time, what use can be there?”


1539.That very strong king   thinking that  if we do not agree  this cruel lady  ,

Would die   said,” I have given, given those boons and let my son rule   the forest,

I would die and then rule the heaven  andyou   along with your son,

Would keep on swimming in the ocean   of bad name not able to get out of it.”


  1540.As soon as he completed saying it  , with great sorrow entering his mind  ,

Which was similar   to the cutting in to pieces   by a sword meant for killing,

Fainted  ,  lost consciousness   and   forgot    everything , While Kaikeyi,

Who had achieved   what   she wanted happily started   sleeping.


1541.Having   for several days   lived like one soul   and did lot of things together,

And after seeing her husband with strong shoulders   drown in sorrow,

And not bothering about it   or becoming merciful   , that lady with  lustrous teeth,

Was seen by the   cool lady of the night    and becoming shy   ,

To stand before men  , she  vanished   and the  night came to an end.


1542.Those cocks which coo at the  last   yama   of that night   , seeing that Dasaratha,

Who wears   bee hovering flower garlands   had fainted  due to that cruel Kaikeyi,

And also seen him  losing his wisdom  and  also  hearing    the lamentations that he made,

 Appeared to beat  on their own belly by their pretty legs   and crying.


1543.Elephants  who were in safe places  after completing their sweet sleep ,

With great love to Rama  , with a shivering mind thinking   that Sita   with her pretty waist belt,

And Rama with  a name which   cannot be ever   forgotten, would   go to the forest,

Started from there as if announcing to the world that   they would also go to forest.


1544.Before the auspicious   thread was tied  on hands

Which resembled   the trunk  of an elephant   , of Rama  ,

Who was Lord Vishnu with red    eyes similar to lotus flower  ,

The  enclosure (pandal)  which was built to give shade  to the entire world,

And which had pearl hangings   which used  to spread cold ,

Was removed   and like that the sky with stars vanished.


1545.To make us all know  that the night during   which time.

All   of us are   defeated and suffer   due to the sugarcane bow of god of love  ,

And to make us all  know that  the time to    salute Rama   who held the Kodanda bow in his hand 

Has arrived   huge drums   made  lot of sound  and due to that sound  ,

Which resemble thunder  coming out of clouds  big peacocks

Started dancing   and ladies with joy woke up before their husbands.


1546.Due to the slow  scented breeze   which made  lots of flowers  open up ,

Were sad with their waist belt and cloths of hips  loosen up   and some maids,

Each of whom saw  , a  deceiving dream  that they were  making love   To Rama  ,

Were awakened    by the breeze which also put a stop  to their dreams.


1547. Like the flowers  of red lily  getting closed at morn   , the mouths of  good ladies   were shut ,

Seeing the  undesirable act of Kaikeyi    who had a cruel mind  , which shatters  the difficult to get  fame,

Which brings very bad name   which would remain for a long time to come  , which brings destruction,

To  the fame   of    the very great clan and  also destroy their own greatness.


1548.The sharp arrows of god of love   which fills mind with passion  and,

Makes the desire in the mind to  burn  furiously like    wild fire  and,

The  wind   which is in the   sky   due to their cutting their body  ,

And making their souls tired   as well  as the mature songs ,

Entered the ears of ladies   and made them suffer  as if snakes  have entered the ears.


1549.To the men who had hands like   the clouds , that  sinner night  ,

Which came in between   the day when Rama with a wheel is to be crowned,

Appeared to be very lengthy   and they deciding  that   their eyes  and hearts,

Are about to see   the crowning ceremony   ,to see   which  ,

All the beings   in  the seven worlds   were doing great penance ,

Are  going to  lead a grand life that   day woke  up from their bed.


1550.Those ladies who were feigning sleep   by closing their long eyes,

Which were like   sharp ghee coated spears  , thinking  about Rama,

With a wish for seeing   the prettiness  of body of Rama  which gives great luster ,

Got up from the beds   made  of best harvested great flowers ,

Which were  surrounded   by bees  which  were humming songs.


1551.Those ladies   who were   wearing   great garlands   of flower  ,

With great strength of mind  , who had love tiff with their  husbands ,

With a fear that   the gold chain   will  hurt their lovers  when they hug  them,

Wore   flower garlands   and at the time since the siren ending the night sounded,

The men who were sad because   of the love tiff   did not get a chance to get happiness.


1552.In all places  the peacock hangings made pleasant sound  , the bees   hummed,

The movement of flower garlands made sound  , the drums blared  ,

The moving chariots produced sound  , the ornaments  of ladies ,

Whose pearl studded ropes rub with    their waist produced sound  ,

The birds cooed  , Sting instruments made sound  and the horses,

Which run  faster than mind   neighed like   thunder.


1553.That Dasaratha   who merged all the fourteen worlds with his soul,

 Being  one  wedded to truth  , due to the great affection towards  his  eldest  son,

Became one with all the five senses   have become subdued and  the

Luster of the lights in the streets was dimming   like   his lustrous soul,

From his greatly shivering body   which had    divinity.


1554.Various types of pipes  spread   honey like musical sounds,

The  sweet music   where   words were important   filled the sky,

Great sound was produced   by musical instruments called Pambai,

And with various anklets   worn by ladies   creating sound  ,,

Their   conch bangles raised suitable sounds  ,

The   horns made sound everywhere and the chanting  of Sama veda was   also being heard.


1555.With the  smoke like darkness   which filled everywhere   jumping and running away,

And like the lamps   which were  inside the houses   slowly fading away  , due to the,

Enmical act of Kaikeyi    the  great soul of Dasaratha    was also fading away  ,

The  sun rose with blood red colour in the east   looking like he was  very angry.


1556. The lotus   flowers , which looked like  the faces   of ladies bloomed in groups,

AS if  they  wanted to see  with desire , the great beauty   of Rama  , who was the  basis,

Of Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Lord Brahma  , who has become everything in the world,

Who broke   the bow held by Shiva the God of Gods   and  was   wearing   the huge crown.


1557.When things were like this   those living in the city   rose ,

Like the rising of all the seven oceans at the same time and,

Thinking that  it was the day of coronation   of Rama,

With great desire   did lot of activities  and even though,

People like me   they are all  very much beyond thought ,

I  would  try to tell about them to the best of my ability.


1558.The young  ladies , who steal   the minds of  men,

Who were proud like  the elephants  , would apply the  red cotton juice,

Would search the best of conch bangles     which are   white  like milk,

Would say kajal    and apply it on their sword   and spear like eyes,

Which would  look like poison   and they would decorate their hair with fresh  flowers.


1559. When   the tide  of  the joy was flowing out  ,  among those ladies   who  had,

Spot less faces   like a fully opened   lotus flower  who had drunk toddy,

And had  joyful eyes which   were like the kendai   fishes

The saffron paste   that they had  applied   in their chest  was not getting rubbed off,

And because of this all those men  who had  hefty  shoulders.

Became   like   the brothers   of  Lord   Rama.


1560. Those old ladies of great virtue   who were living in that city   became possessed ,

With mother like minds of Kausalya  and the young ladies  in joy matched   Sita,

That Sita became  like Goddess  Lakshmi , all the Brahmins became like sage Vasishta,

And all the old men became like that of  king Dasaratha.


1561.For seeing the coronation of the husband   of Sita who had  cone like breasts,

Huge crowd of kings  , impelled by their great desire   to come  , came ,

Like  the crowd of devas who had come to eat   nectar  , making empty,

This great world which is surrounded   by oceans on all  sides.


1562.In the pretty streets of that great city  , all places were occupied by

Crowds of ladies   who had  mouth which is red like coral and sweet like honey,

Who had thick breasts   and  who had wide   hips   and also  crowd of men,

Who were shouting “go ahead, go ahead”  but not moving themselves ,

And did not proceed   ahead nor   were able to go back.


1563.Some  of them were saying , “number of kings is more”,

Some were saying  , “number  of Brahmins is more”,

Some saying “men were more”  , some saying  “ladies are more”,

Some saying “those who have come are more  “,

Some saying “the number of   people  who are  yet to come  are more”,

But it was clear that they only knew what they thought   and there were none who knew everything.


1564. With  the prettiness of blue lotus  , the cruelty of the spear  , mixed together  ,

Applying the poison called   the shining  Kajal   along  with a look of   the white  shining  sun,

The ladies   had big eyes   and hip that was  bending  when   they came,

And crowded there  like a crowd   of dancing peacocks.


1565.The asuras of Lanka   were the only ones,    who had  not to  come  to see that Rama who  wore

The scented garland of Thulasi marrying  the great bride   of the lady called  earth,

And apart from that those who had not come  were the mountains ,

Of the seven worlds   and those   elephants  with rut  ,

Standing   on the eight   different directions and carrying the earth.


1566.Al l those great kings  who were ruling over   the earth,

Who can be compared  to Devendra came like crores of moons,

With royal umbrellas   made of pearl held high  , fanned by

White cowries   which looked like  the crowded   swan of the  skies,

Came and as per their order and entered   the hall of coronation.


1567.All those  great ones who had mastered   the four Vedas  ,

Who due to their great penance   were  blessing the world with good,

Came like they have come to  celebrate   the entry  of their  eldest sons,

To married life   and entered   the hall of coronation,

To see   the great marriage  of Rama  with  the goddess  earth.


1568. The devas    who had come   to see  the celebration filled up the sky,

Those   who lived in the wide earth dressed  with oceans   filled  the eight directions,

The auspicious  booming sound of conch  , the beat of the drums with wide eyes,

Filled the ears of those  who came  to witness   the function,

And   the mountain of gold that was given in charity filled up the seven oceans.


1569.The rays  of light starting   from the bodies of the kings  ,

Hid the   the luster of lamps   and the light    coming   from,

The movement of crowns   hid the  light of  Sun in the sky,

The light from the ornaments of ladies   who were smiling,

With their white teeth  resembling   the pearls  born in a sea,

Possibly thinking they  can hide the    world of devas also,

Hid both the   eyes   of all the devas    who were there.


1570.In these circumstances   Vasishta  of great penance  ,

Collecting all the auspicious things necessary    to the  coronation,

Of Rama  accompanied  with experts in Vedas chanting all the four Vedas,

Came to the hall of coronation  , making his way through   the old entrances.


1571.He  then filled up the auspicious waters   from River ganges  to the river Kumari,

As well as the   waters   of the four seas  in sacred pots  , made arrangements  ,

Of all the materials that were needed for fire sacrifice , erected the valorous  throne,

In proper place   and also did all  that is needed   for the coronation.


1572.When the experts in astrology told him that the   auspicious time has come,

That Vasishta who did penance so that disease of birth cycle  is removed,

And who stood by it  said, “Go and bring  the emperor  who wears,

The jeweled    crown with haste”, the  loving Sumantra  with bent head,

Went with great speed and love to  carry out that errand.


1573.When he was not able to see Dasaratha  in the palace  which was touching the sky,

He  made enquiries    and reached the palace of Kaikeyi  and informed the ,

Servant ladies with the red mouth   and when they went and told it  to Kaikeyi,

That one who was like god of death among ladies said, “Go and bring  Rama.”


1574.Sumantra who heard that  , with  his  joy increasing further ,

Crossed the streets with palaces    of Gold with great speed  ,

Entered the palace of Rama   saluted him who with mountain like   shoulders,

Was only thinking of him  , hid his mouth with hand  and started telling.


1575.”Kings  , sages  and all those   who are on this earth are showering,

Love on you like your father Dasaratha  and your step mother  Kaikeyi,

Asked me to bring you to her palace   and so come quickly  ,

To wear   that great crown which is made    of gold.”


1576. As soon  as Rama heard that after   saluting   Lord  Vishnu ,

With  one thousand heads   , accompanied like an ocean,

By the   crowd of kings   singing prayers   of God,

With devas   in the sky blessing him with great joy  ,

And with  ladies making great sound   and staring at him,

With great desire  , Travelled  in a chariot decorated by garlands.


1577.Those ladies knowing Rama is going to wear the auspicious crown,

Egged by love  as well as great joy  , joined together  ,

And approached   near him  on both his    sides ,

And they felt that all their sweet souls   has joined together  ,

And  saw that  their soul travelling    in a matchless  chariot.


1578.Due to  words that make one shiver   told by Kaikeyi,

Rama would be avoiding   the lustrous   ceremony of crowning,

And would separate himself  from the pure divine lady of earth,

Rama    accompanied    by the songs   sung by those ladies,

And entered the thick  forest    of the bamboos of thick shoulders ,

And which   has the  fatal   spear   of their eyes.


1579-1580.Those ladies who were  throwing at Rama   the scented powders ,

Flowers  , sandal   and gold  , who were letting fall   their   very pretty,

Waist belt , their shyness   as well as their bangles  ,

Who were washing   with hot water from their eyes  their soft breasts ,

Which were wounded   by the flower darts of god of love  ,

Who were telling each other “This Rama is not  suited to rule  the earth”,

“How is it  that he does not seem to have love towards us?”  ,

And   due to shivering of the mind  , they were sorrowing  ,

And seeing Rama with red eyes and pretty black body,

Riding on a chariot    wherever    their  eyes look at  ,

They asked ,”How many people  are there who look like Rama?”


1581.All ladies  were making great sound like this and crowded round Rama,

And   all the sages and elder citizens of Ayodhya   and young people  .

After seeing the very pretty body  of Rama  , not able to find  ,

Any limit to the love that   they had    for him  thought ,

In their mind and told about it. WE will now start telling about that.


1582.Some said “this world   has now greatly succeeded, Some said,

“You would live up to the    final deluge  , Some said, “Oh son  ,

Please take   all our  allotted  life span”,   Some others said,

“Let   the fruit of penance    we did controlling  five senses be yours”,

And some  others said, “ Let You who  wear the garland ,

Of Thulasi    get  the fruits   of all good deed   done in the world.”


1583.Some said “what was   the blessed deed was done by lotus flower ,

Which resembles his eyes and what was the blessed deed done   by,

The rain  shedding cloud    to get his colour.”How can we compensate ,

The king   who did impossible penances  and gave this great one to us?”


1584.“The mercy  of Rama  is similar to the  mercy  Narayana with a divine wheel,

Who rushed    to save  the  elephant which called him,  when attacked by the crocodile,”

Some said   and some others said, “When we approach the lord , whom even Vedas,

Are not able to know properly   and see him  , tears  rush   to the eye,

Without any  other  reason   except love   for him.”


1585.”on one side  there was fullness   and great wisdom  to the black cloud like Rama,

On the other side   who has   his great character?” some said  , Some others said,

 “Would this very great Lord Rama belong to clan of devas?”   and without knowing  ,

I asked  “is he   the endless God   who is the root  cause beyond   the calculation of time .”


1586.Some said  “Those who dug the ocean  , those   who brought Ganga to earth,

And those   who went and helped the Devas   and fought  and  won over the asuras,

Were his great ancestors  who were   blessed   with  permanent    greatness, And we would live Depending  on the fame  brought by   his   great   shoulders ,

Which were   decorated   by the garland of victory,”


1587.”Oh son,  These  are sandal paste , these are  faultless  gem garlands,

Those  here are  The thilaka  as well as ornaments for you to wear ,

Please give charity with your hands   these  row of elephants with rut,

The row of victorious horses and wealth   made of pure gold.” Said some.


1588.When the valorous Rama was coming   in a chariot with speed of lightning,

There were  none in that crowd  whose  mind did not melt with extreme love ,

Whose  body  did not  become soft  and whose  mind did not melt  ,

For they saw in him the matchless child of God coming alone with a spring.


1589.They said, “all those good natured kings   who stand in the shade of  white  royal umbrella,

Who had a huge army    and who  were ruling   the   earth with great grace,

After the birth of Rama   would start thinking , that having a son is bad  ,

And would   stand  like a picture.perplexed and with a melting mind .”


1590.”That Rama   who was wearing the sacred thread   on his chest  was like,

A wandering streak of lightning   and would he   pass   the gates of our home,

With great speed ? To prevent  him from doing that   along   with,

Huge mountain like gold   fill the  big street with limitless  gems.”

Some who were   saying like this started   pouring gold and gems on the street.


1591.Some of them said  “He was not brought up by    his mother  and ,

By the great  penance that she did   the daughter of Kekaya  king brought him up.

If this is the nature of the   happiness    of Kaikeyi who is charitable  ,

We cannot say   anything about  the great joy that  she must be feeling.”


1592. Some said, “If  he rules   the  great sorrow    as well as sins  ,

Would be completely uprooted   and  now this earth   not only,

Belongs to Rama but  to all of us  . This Rama   would destroy,

The Asuras     who are the enemies of Devas   and ,

What a great penance have  the kings done to serve  under him?”


1593.When the citizens of the town were talking like this  ,

The victorious hero Rama  travelling   in a chariot,

On which matchless gems had  been tied    and ,

Which is pulled   by the horses travelled  through,

The row  of  tall houses   with flags   and  reached ,

The palace of Dasaratha  who wore fame as ornament.


1594.When Rama reached there   did  not see  cowries were  being swung all around     and

The ladies  who had decorated their hair   with flowers  were dancing with new joy and great love ,

And also did not see  Dasaratha wearing   a great crown , sitting on the throne with joy.


1595.Rama   who appears  in the mind of wise people  who have learnt ,

 All Vedas   and all great books of the world  did not enter with sweetness ,

In that  king’s golden  hall   where  the kings together    with the sages  ,

With great joy were singing    the real praise  ,

But entered   in to the palace   of his   step mother  Kaikeyi.


1596.The kings and sages   and all others  seeing  Rama  who entered ,

The palace  of  Kaikeyi    thought that  “Rama has only   done proper thing.

It is great  for him   to salute the lotus like  feet of his    father  first,

And   wear the crown which was earlier   worn by all kings  ,

Starting from   Sun God  with red rays , which appears   above everything.”


1597. When things   were going on like this  ,  Kaikeyi seeing  Rama   searching and coming  ,

Towards   the pure Dasaratha , after   getting depressed   and then  became all right,

Thinking ,”My lord will not tell this with his mouth   and so I will  tell it myself,”,

And stood like a god of death , before  Rama who was thinking that  she is his mother.


1598.Rama who was like a calf which has seen its  mother cow  which returned  in the evening,

Saluted by falling   on the ground with his forehead  touching the earth  Kaikeyi who came   there,

And then slightly closing   his  coral red mouth    which was scented like  saffron  with his red palm,

Using his right hand   and folding his cloth using his pretty  left hand   stood in salutation.


1599.Kaikeyi   who had a mind of steel   and   who was   as cruel as God of death who destroys,

Said, “Son,  There is something    that your    father wants to tell you, and if you think,

It is proper  for me to tell  you   that  , I would  tell you  that  .”


1600.”If my   father orders me some thing   and if you are   agreeable to tell that,

I have become blessed and there would be    no one born in this    world,

Who are  greater than me.  I think     the fruit of my penance  has already  come.

Is there any greater  fortune than that?  You are  my father as well as mother,

Please order me  and I would obey it  with all   my  mind.”


1601.”With the entire earth  surrounded   by  the sea ruled by Bharata,

Carrying  on two sides  by matted hair  , do  the greatest penance possible  ,

Reach   the  cruel forest   which is dusty , take bath in all sacred waters  ,

And come   back here   after   fourteen long    years.”


1602.”After seeing   the  beauty  of the , face of  Rama  , who  has  good characters,

Which are beyond  description , It is not possible    for people  like me  to describe it.

That face   was like lotus before and after   hearing  the   words  of Kaikeyi,

And even after undersatanding the import of those words , It won over lotus flower.


1603.Rama who was at that time  scared of disobeying    the orders  ,

Of  his clear minded father  had agreed   to   the great sorrow,

The painful job   of ruling the earth and like the black bull ,

Which was  tied to the cart   and was being driven by its owner,

Was set free   by one merciful person  , he felt free of those ties.


1604.” Would I disobey  your commands  feeling it is not the king’s command,

Is not  the great  fortune of my brother Bharata , my own fortune?

Is there a better  luck than that ?. I have taken this command on my head,

And I would immediately go to the forest   which shines ,

With sun light   like lightning  and I am taking leave from you.”


1605.That Rama who had shoulders which were even better than  the mountains,

After telling this took leave  , and after saluting the  direction   of  the feet of Kaikeyi,

Making Goddess Lakshmi sitting on lotus flower   and mother earth cry  ,

Left that   place    and reached   the palace   of mother Kausalya.


4.Nagar neengu padalam

Chapter  on going away from city.


(Rama goes and informs Kausalya who wants to accompany hi. Rama persuades     her not to come so that she can look after Dasaratha. Kausalya goes to  Kaikeyi’s palace and sees   the pitiable condition of Dasaratha. Vasishta tries to dissuade   Kaikeyi from her determination and is not able to it. He tells Dasaratha  he would persuade  Rama not to go.  Meanwhile Lakshmana gets very angry and wants to wear a war   on his father.  Rama pacifies him. They both go to meet Sumithra. She becomes sad and tells Lakshmana to go with Rama and not return , if Rama does not return. The servants of Kaikeyi bring wooden bark  to Rama to wears. He and Lakshmana wear it .Vasishta meets them there but is not able to change mind of Rama.  Rama and Lakshmana go and meet Sita. She compels them to take her also with them .They reluctantly agree  . Meanwhile Dasaratha tells the story of the curse    that he got from sage parents of a boy whom he killed unknowingly.  The entire Ayodhya  including sixty thousand   wives of Dasaratha  cry  and decide to go  to the forest along with Rama.

    Though   the   events are similar the sequence of events   are different in  Valmiki Ramayana. Kaikeyi tells Rama he has to go on the same day which is  not there Kamba Ramayana.  Vasishta does not try to dissuade Rama there. Sumantra chastises Kaikeyi there,. Instead of 60000 queens , in Valmiki Ramayana there are only 350. The bark dress is sent through servants here but given in front of Dasaratha  by Kaikeyi,. When he gives one to Sita , Dasaratha as well as sage Vasishta shout at her, In fact Dasaratha sents dress for 14 years to Sita.

     The sorrow felt by all  described by Kambar is so heart touching.  Several places   tears welled in my eyes.)


1606.That Rama who was  looking like  a mountain covered by cloud ,

Went in front of her  whose mind was full of joy,

And who was   expecting   him  to come back  wearing a crown,  

But saw him coming back  with out cowries  being rotated   on both his sides and ,

Without   the white royal  umbrella   and

Was being dragged  by his fate   which was marching ahead  of him,

And who was followed    by the God of Dharma  , alone.


1607.”He was not wearing the crown  and he was  not made wet by sacred waters,

What could be the reason?”  doubted    Kausalya   and when  Rama  who was,

Wearing golden heroic anklets     saluted her lotus  like  feet  , with a  melting mind,

She blessed him   and asked him, “What happened to  the decision?

Is there  any   problem    for you to wear that  great crown?”


1608.As soon as  Kausalya asked  that  , Rama saluted her with folded hands,

“Your loving son   and my brother Bharata   , who  is  of faultless  character,

Is   going to wear   that     very pure    crown” he said.


1609.Kausalya who never differentiated   in her love to the four brothers,

And loved them in a  faultless  way  said, “There  is a fault   in that ,

Because the elder son should become king first   but he is,

Three times more full of good characters than you  ,

He is more good   than you.   And he does not have any faults.”


1610.After  saying that she further  told  “oh son  ,

It is only proper that  the orders   of the emperor are implemented,

Without any change because   not doing it is injustice  and ,

That is your dharma  and so give   the earth  ,

To your brother  Bharata  and live  united with him.”


1611.When Rama  who has the nature of becoming happy 

Had pure thoughts  and a faultless   mind  , heard the words of his mother  ,

Looked at her and told , “there   is an order    from the emperor,

To make me walk   in the path   of good , also.”


1612.And when Kausalya asked him, “what is the nature of that order?”

He said, “He wanted   me to go the broad forest   for  a period,

Of fourteen years    and live there   with sages   of great penance  ,

And he    wanted  me to come back only after   that.”


1613.Even before   those  fire like words   reached ,

Her ears decorated by hanging ear globes .

Kausalya  Started   worrying  , became feeble  , was surprised  ,

Became depressed , moaned   and fell   down.


1614.”oh son, are the  words  that “You protect   this earth which you will rule”,

Is act of cheating  and this   is as cruel as poison  , Would  I be able to live now  ,

And my soul would continue    to be scared    always.”


1615,She crushed one palm with the other  , Using her tender hands,

Wearing bangles she    would  grind her belly  , Where  Rama lived,

Would  control her hot breath which gives  out smoke  and underwent great suffering .


1616.She would laugh saying, “the mercy shown by the   emperor  on you is great”,

Seeing Rama  and saying , “when will  you travel in the long forest path”   and then get up,

And she   went on suffering the  pain of death  at  that   very  instant.


1617.”What mistake did you commit    towards   the emperor,

Who had very great love towards   you  ?”  saying this  ,

She became  like the people suffering     due to great poverty,

Due to mistakes   committed in their  last birth  , getting hold of Gold,

 And wailing    greatly after  losing it again.’


1618.She would say, “Why is it  that , Dharma is not helping me?” and then say,

“Oh Gods , what is the reason of this which   would make me  die  after  losing the soul,

What can be further told about her? , she  was struggling due   to great sorrow,

Like   a lactating cow   losing its   feeding calf.


1619.Rama seeing  his mother   who was wailing and greatly suffering,

Lifted her with his hand  and told her “Oh lady of very great virtue,

 Would you make  our emperor who tells  nothing but the truth,

Tell a lie   by    going against   the words   that he has already told .”


1620.For consoling  Kausalya who had great virtue   and is the model,

For the earth  regarding virtue, Rama started telling her,

Very pretty , very truthful    words, which could be told to his mother.


1621.”For making my great younger brother  get the wealth of  kingdom,,

And   making my father   not tell a lie   even  if he loses memory,

I  am blessed   with   a life   in a forest and return back from there,

 And I think   there is nothing better  that I can do , by being born in earth.”


1622”.Even if   the sky , the earth  , the oceans   and ,

All other   five elements    of  the earth are  destroyed,

Can I disobey    the  orders  of Dasaratha. So do not worry.”


1623.Than Kausalya told,  “ofh Rama  , if it is so  ,

I am not telling you   not to go to the forest ,

As it is the order  of the king and if you  are going,

Take me also  , who  is unable to carry this soul  without dying.”


1624.  He  replied “Oh mother  , without consoling   the emperor,

Who  has drowned   in the ocean of sorrow  , is it  proper,

For you to make up your mind   to accompany me   to the forest.

Possibly you did not think properly about Dharma of  a wife.”


1625.”After  my brother who holds the huge bow  ,

Becomes the  king   and after   he firmly establishes himself,

When the  king   decides to leave   this  life of luxury  ,

And   decides  to do penance  , You can   do penance with him.”


1626.”Oh Mother  , why is your  mind tottering and  confused?

Do you not know  that even devas have risen after  doing penance?

After all how many more years are there? Does not those,

Fourteen years look like fourteen days to you?”


1627.”Earlier   we got by the grace  of sage Viswamithra,

   Several Mantras   and later we got  the blessing of marriage  .

Were they wrong?  By going to the   forest   and ,

Doing all jobs as per their order   , has been good , even today.”


1628.”Please see me     doing great service to great sages,

Get  great  knowledge  and unmatched wisdom from them,

Which are all faultless  , get  the affection of Devas ,

And return   to this    city safely.”


1629.He continued  “Do you  not know   that  matchless  fame earned,

BY sons of Sagara   who dug this earth   surrounded  ,

By the ocean infested by sharks , for carrying  out  ,

The order of their father    and  sacrificing  their souls.”


1630.”The Parasurama who held the axe , a weapon of Shiva ,

Who held a baby deer in his hands   did not disobey his father,

But as per his orders   killed his    own mother and is it ,

Proper for me   not to obey the orders of my father?”


1631.That Kausalya who wore  the ornaments of truth,

After hearing the   several such words of consolation of  Rama,

Took them in to her mind   and understood clearly  that,

Rama would definitely    go to the forest.


1632.She thought  , Let   this earth belong to Bharata,

And let   Rama   go from the city   and do penance ,

In the great forest. But  I as per my duty  ,

Would salute   the king   and protect him” and started to go  to his palace.


1633.After saluting her   who was going   and thinking  that,

She was capable of looking after   the body   of Dasaratha  ,

And capable of consoling him    in  the very great sorrow,

Rama reached the cloud like palace of his step mother  Sumithra.


1634. Kauslya who walked to the place of Dasaratha  ,

Reached the palace of the daughter   of the Kekaya king  ,

And fell  on the earth where the king had fallen ,

Like a  body falling when the soul gets broken up.


1635.She said,  “What is the reason for this parting from those who do not part,

“Oh great one, is it proper for you?” “Is our present position   just?’

“What is the reason you are not thinking    about it?”

“Of wealth of the poor”  , “Oh  strength to the lonely me”,

“Has is been thought about    or is  it fate?. “Oh king , oh king.”


1636.”Oh  king of kings You who   ruled  the entire earth , with the  wheel of rule.

Which was   equal to the Sun who removes the darkness  everywhere  ,

And after  matchlessly looking after   the kingdom   without  any problems,

Was it your intention   to destroy it  at the period of final deluge  ,

In   planning to do  this    act of yours through your grace.”


1637”.Oh result of penance done by the earth surrounded by ocean  with waves,

Oh wealth which was greater than all wealth, Oh ocean   of art of learning,

Oh true meaning of   the just Vedas  , Oh temple   of mercy,

Oh king who possessed  all the three worlds  , Is it  proper .

For you to lie like this  , without asking me   who is tired 

Due to sorrowing mind,   “Why are you crying? “


1638.”oh son Rama   your  father  is lying  affected by great sickness,

Which prevents him from thinking   as well as knowing  his   present state  ,

And his body which normally shines like lightning   is  lying motionless  ,

And he is not able  see me whois crying and asking, “Why are you crying?”

I am not able to make   out   the reason for this behavior of his,

So please come to see   the  present state  of the king”,  she told.


1639-1640.When this wailing  and  sound of crying   reached  the hall ,

Where the kings have assembled  ,  the lustrous sages   and,

The kings holding the sword  said among themselves  “this is not proper, not proper”,

And looking at sage Vasishta  asked him to find out the cause of this loud crying,

That sage   arrived at palace of Kaikeyi  and seeing the   state of Dasaratha,

Who had a huge sword  , and wanting   to know   the reason for it and thinking in his mind 

“King Dasaratha  is not dead and  it is not true that   he will never die,

But now he has lost his consciousness  and further   thought that,

“Kaikeyi the daughter   of great king of Kekaya  is  without any sorrow  ,

But this Kausalya is crying non stop and  it is extremely   difficult ,

To understand about the various reactions   of individuals  to same circumstance.”


1641.After  thinking  like   this  Vasishta, thought that   Kausalya   who was  crying,

Due to sorrow   would not be able   to tell   the reason for her sorrow 

Seeing Kaikeyi who came    and saluted him he   asked  her,

“Mother ,Please tell me the cause for the present state of  Dasaratha “

And then she   told him all the things which happened due to her.


1642. As  soon as she told  , Vasishta  lifted  ,

That king with lustrous sword  by his lotus like hand,

From the floor which was full of dust   and said to him,

“Oh learned king  , do not get depressed   for ,

The self same Kaikeyi herself   would give kingship to Rama,

Stop being sad and put an end to it.”

Like this Vasishta    told   Dasaratha   several times.


1643.After this   he added  the cool attar   , sprinkled  it  on,

A  big fan with a  large handle   and fanned  with sufficient speed  ,

So that he regains his consciousness   and  told him sweet words,

And  when the ocean of  poison   of boon to Kaikeyi slightly subsided ,

He saw the soul  of Dasaratha  who went on repeating the  name  of Rama.


1644.When he saw that Dasaratha   was waking up  from his faint ,

He said, “Sir  , now you please remove   the great sorrow from yourself.

The leader  of men Rama   only will rule    this country  and  there are,

No problems for that and Kaikeyi who asked this dishonourable boon ,

Would herself give back the  kingdom    to  Rama   and if  Rama,

Who is like a huge cloud   does not accept the  kingdom, “What for  are we all   living?”


1645.Dasaratha loking   at the sage who tried to  console  him told,

“ Of king of teachers  , Before , I who had a   very cruel fate ,

Which cannot be properly  estimated  , die  , make Rama  ,

Wear    the crown   and make him decide not to go the forest,

And save me   by  not  getting   the bad fame  for not keeping up my word.”


1646. That sage  Vasishta   seeing the face of the Kaikeyi of very cruel deed   said,

“Oh gold like lady  , by  giving kingship to   Rama  , soul  to all other beings,

And life to your husband     who was born in the   clan of  Manu  ,

Wear    the pure fame devoid   of bad name     as  ornament.”


1647.As soon  as  sage Vasishta   who had won over  the very strong fate  ,

And became great   by doing   great   penance  told like this  ,

Kaikeyi sobbed   and wept  and told ,  Suppose the emperor goes back on his   word,

I would  not like    to live   in this great earth   and for the sake  of my word,

Not becoming a lie  , I   would     die    today  itself.”


1648.The sage told  Kaikeyi that   her husband may die ,

That  the world would not accept her idea  ,  that she will get bad name  ,

That she would be  committing a sin but  she  did not change your decision,

That she would not understand him and that there was no use by his telling all these,

And  finally  told her, “ What you    are  contemplating is not  as per tradition.”


1649.”What are you telling   without understanding   that  the king is dying,

And without understanding the suffering he undergoes when the soul tries to go away from the body.

You are   talking as if the fire   and poison is entering  his wound in spite  of being a lady.

Oh cruel lady  , what  relation have you got  with this country and also,

The bad   name that  is going to come to you is very huge.”


1650.”Oh lady , who is the cruel fire   that burns fame   as well as name,

Even before Dasaratha  himself told Rama, “go to the   forest”,

You only  told it and that Rama  would not stop going ,

In to the cruel path of   the  very tall forest.

Are there   people who are as cruel as you  and is there a worse cruel deed.” He said.


1651.When that   faultless   sage told like this  ,the king  who was depressed by sorrow,

Looking at Kaikeyi who had  poison on her  toungue  said,  “Oh great sinner  ,

Did you order Rama who is like my soul     to go to the forest and has he gone?”


1652.”Oh sinner , I now know your intentions  , I with great  love,

Kept on eating   the fruit  of love  from your mouth   and so ,

You have already eaten completely my soul.

I did not marry you   with fire as the witness but ,

Separately chose    a god of death and married her.”


1653.Oh lady  who did the cruel conspiracy  of   sending  my Rama ,

Who is the only one   my open eyes has ever  seen ,  to the cruel forest,

Oh lady who breaks me   who is not ashamed of bad name which is coming,

Oh sinner without redemption  , What is the use  of talking now  ,

The auspicious thread which I tied on your neck  on day of marriage,

Would now become  the auspicious thread  that would be tied on Bharata’s hand.


1654.After telling so many words  like  this Dasaratha   looking at Kaikeyi,

Whose mind did not melt told “Oh sage  , I am telling you today.

From now on she   is not my wife   and I would also  not consider Bharata ,

Who is going to crown himself as king   as my son  and he,

Would not be eligible to do death rites to me   after my death.”


1655.   Looking at  the great Kausalya, he asked” did not that   Rama  ,

Who was   prevented from seeing me   , take leave from you also?”

And she   seeing the great sorrow  of Dasaratha   at the parting ,

Of his eye like Rama from him  , decided  not to  tell ,

Dasaratha   about  preventing  Rama from going  ,

And like  the depressed Dasaratha , she also became  depressed.


1656.Kausalya understanding    that it  is the act   of her  co-wife  ,

And her husband   after giving boons   to Kaikeyi   and ,

Becoming heartbroken due to it  , she became greatly depressed,

And  went on making efforts to revive    her husband   and ,

Within herself  she said,  “my son will roam in the forest “,

And she also became   sad   that  Dasaratha  would  get ,

The bad fame that he   erred  in his attachment to truth.


1657.She said, “oh great one  , if  your greatness is harmed ,

By going against your great   decision   taken ,

 after  accepting  the oath that cannot  be gone against,

And standing firmly   that  you should not waver from it 

Due   to the love for your son which is beyond estimation,

The world would not accept it  “ and like  him, she also became feebled.


1658.She said about her son,  “he would not stop from going”  and after  saying,

About her husband  “”he would not stop from dying”  and tottered and became  depressed,

She would not say to her son  , “protect the soul of your father     thinking that,

It would bring bad fame    to the name  of her husband ,

And thus the swan like   Kausalya   greatly sorrowed.


1659.That king    who wears   the garland  with bunches   of flowers,

Understanding from the words  of Kausalya    that  great  and famous Rama,

Would not rule the earth   and would go to the forest  , became further sad,

And said,  “Oh my friend , Oh friend who is  my  bad fate   and then again said,

“Oh my son,   please  come before   me .”


1660.”oh son ,with my eyes becoming watery and with soul trying to go out,

I am in the process of dying and   to me    who has  only bad Karma,

Let the  Brahmins  who are expert in Vedas  should   use the  sacred waters,

Collected    for anointing  you and crowning you before the   fire,

And use it   instead   for my final death ceremonies   and after  that ,

You can go and reach   the   great forest.”


1661 . “Oh valorous one    who defeated    by your ability  in using the bow,

That Parasurama   who using his sharpened    axe , which killed   several times,

Great kings who possessed very great army  and who   is the one,

Who is  one  equal to himself    in strength  ., Alas ,

I told you to wear the great crown but gave  you a huge ball of matted hair.”


1662.”Oh Rama  , who has a black body who has  mind , eyes   and hands  ,

In very proper shape  , who wears  patience as   his ornament  ,

Who broke the   bow of Shiva who burnt the   three cities ,

Without thinking that   I am lonely and alone  , you hated me at this old age  ,

And  Ido not want to live   any   further”, he said.


1663.”Oh Gold who outshines    real gold, oh fame of fame  ,

Oh Lad who has a strong bow  which is like lustrous lightning  ,

Oh truth of truth  , I am not so weak so as to allow you,

To go to the forest before me. I would reach the heavens before that.”


1664.”I am one whose mind is ready to melt   and a body  that is ready to die,

And I do not have a very strong mind and strong   body like that of yours,

With the eyes which saw you enter the city   along with the   daughter  of Janaka,

Who is suitable to you , I would not like to see  you going away from the city.”


1665.Oh Rama though the world  has the strength  to go away from you,

Though the devas   would not be sorrowing  , Oh king    who rides a golden chariot,

Oh my  support less fame  , giving birth to you, I know about   your greatness  ,

What further can I tell, I will not live further, I will not live.”


1666.”Your nature  of  giving charity  , made you give   this Kosala   country,

Surrounded by   slushy mud and  filled  with water   and   the hill of non diminishing wealth  ,

And also all other things    to the thieving  Kaikeyi and  gave you  great fame  ,

And that   same quality   will now  put an end    to my life.”


1667.”Oh gold like lad  , Are there   any one similar to you in this earth  ,

Which is surrounded by the booming sea  or the heavens   which are high above  ,

Or in the world of serpents , for   when  He who had    axe as a weapon    ,

Came asking , “who is there who are strong?”  , you  stood there without   weakening  ,

Are  there   any one in this world to say to you  “Do not do like that.”


1668.”Oh son  , even after  hearing that you   have gone to the forest ,

If I am still alive  , to say  I am cruel ,  I should not reach  ,

The heavens today itself  ,for  it would  not be proper   for you,

To live in the forest   and  my living here in the city seeing this Kaikeyi.


1669.”Oh sir,  Goddess Lakshmi who after   doing   very great penance  ,

Reached your broad chest   with great difficulty  and   the goddess mother earth,

Would not remain alive  , if you go the forest  and I who am a sinner,

And one with bad karma  , if I   live after parting   from you  , I would be   same as Kaikeyi.


1670.”Instead   of seeing you   wearing very great ornaments  , sitting on a golden throne ,

Surrounded by white royal umbrellas  , blessed with a very broad chest     and ,

With goddess Lakshmi  sitting there  , If I see   you wearing the poor looking wooden bark  ,

And skin of the deer   I would prefer     the great   act of going to heaven instead of that.”


1671.Like this   when the king was wailing   telling several things  ,

Which did not have any connection  , reached   a stage  , where it looked like,

His soul would go away   that day itself   and then   that sage  ,

Who covered himself with a thin skin   said  , “oh king  ,

I would try to stop Rama     from going to forest  ,

Along with the help   of all the  people of this world.”


1672. As soon as the sage told,  “I will prevent Rama  from going to forest,”

Dasaratha thought   perhaps   he can stop him going  ,

Slightly consoled     his soul which was crying alone  , making soul to last longer ,

And thought  “If this pure one goes and tells  him, he may  desist from going”,

That king who was similar to human form of Manu, lost consciousness.


1673.Seeing   that “the king has  forgotten both his soul and mind  “,

Kausalya   getting sorrowed thinking that the king is dead,

And wailed,  “my  son left  me even before   and now you have also left,

Oh  my husband  , Oh Lord  , Oh king of kings, Is this dharma.”


1674.”Oh truth of truth  , Oh king of all kings of   the world,

Without protecting you from losing your  soul  , if we  fade ,

The entire world will   rotate   due to sorrow  . Oh king,

Our son may return along with the sage , so do not lose hope”  she said.


1675.After  she   told like this  , she caressed  the body, feet   and  face ,

With her lotus like   hand   and seeing her , Dasaratha   who had fainted,

And was not knowing anything  slowly asked   her ,

“Would Rama holding  the huge great bow  come back, come back.”


1676.”Though the very deceiving Kaikeyi tried to take away my life by her words,

Due to the bad advice of Kooni   she wanted   to get kingship to her great son Bharata,

Apart from that   she wanted my great son Rama  to go to forest” , he said.


1677.”Oh Kausalya  , Rama who wears golden armlet over    his shoulders,

Would not leave the idea of going to the forest and my great   soul,

Will not stay here   without going . Please hear this , I have a had a  curse,

From  one great sage which was given long ago” and  then the king,

Started    telling Kausalya   all that happened     at  that time.


1678.”I who was very much interested in hunting   once went inside  a cruel forest  ,

And when I was searching for a  pretty elephants and lions  , I reached ,

A  shore of a stream where the black elephants   come to drink water ,

Along with my bow and arrow    and stood hiding near its banks.


1679.”At that place there was a great sage  with his wife  ,

With both have them having lost    their eyesight  ,they,

Were living there  with the help of their pretty son  and,

When they were all engaged in penance .And not knowing that  the son,

Had come to   take water for them   from  the stream  , I shot a great arrow,

Which can kill   and  being shot  when the son  fell on mud  he   shouted .”


1680.”Thinking that it was   elephant which had entered   stream  which was drinking water,

And which was fighting  ,  that arrow went   along the way of the sound   and I ,

Who was not able to see it  , hearing that sound knew that  it was  not ,

The voice of an elephant   but that of human being  , with great sorrow reached that ghat.”


1681.Seeing that son of the sage   rolling on earth with the arrow shot  by me  ,

With  the pot  rolling away   and made my body and bow   as useless ,

I fell down on him and cried  “Oh sir , oh sir  ,  Who are   you? And ,

When I became depressed  , That son who did not how to tell a lie  ,said, “Please hear.”


1682.”Oh sir,   who has two shoulders resembling mountains, I came here ,

To collect water  for drinking for   my blind father  and mother,

That job has now been spoiled, You shot  arrow by mistake thinking I am an elephant  ,

This is my Karma    and so leave out   all your worries  and sorrow.”


1683.”You ,  who are matchless   please  take cold water   and give it to my father  ,

Who desires to drink water   and is sorrowing  and then you inform them about my death,

And say, “your son would go to the   heavens   and he saluted you before his death “

And after telling this  He who had praiseworthy good qualities  , received by devas, went to heaven.”


1684.”When I reached the   great sage ,  who   was awaiting the arrival  of   his son,

And gave the cold  water  to him  They said , “Oh son  because    you did not  come back,

For a long time  we were worried   thinking   about what happened   to you. Oh son,

Who has shoulders with a scent of sandal , come near   as we want to hug you.”


1685. “Oh sir  , I am a king   who is   living in the city of Ayodhya   and I was searching ,

For  an elephant of dark black colour   and in the darkness  , when your son,

Who was very truthful was collecting water  in a pot  , without seeing him,

The arrow that   was with   me went aiming    at him.”


1686.”Hearing the wailing sound after   he was hit by the arrow ,

Realizing it was not the sound of the elephant  , I ran and met your son,

And when I asked him who he was  after telling him all the happenings  ,

With a greatly depressed mind, he informed his,

Salutations to you both  and stopped talking  and ,

He was received    by the devas    and reached the heavens.”


1687.”Oh sir  , do not get angry with me   saying I killed your son with my arrow.

When your very pure   son was collecting water  , except for shooting an arrow.

Aimed at that sound thinking that it is an elephant , I did not see him by my eyes.

Please pardon this mistake of mine  “Saying this I saluted the divine feet  of that  sage.


1688.As soon as they heard that, they fell down   became depressed and rolled,

And said, “Today we have lost our eye” and both of them got drowned  in ocean of sorrow.

Thinking about their son they  cried  “Son , son”   and said “you have broken our heart,

We would not stay in this world after   knowing that   you  are living in the heavens ,

We are coming now itself, now itself”   they wailed   and cried.


1689.  Seeing those sages wailing like   this  in various ways  , I saluted their divine feet,

And when I  said  , “I am your son from now on  and what ever you want , I would do it for you  ,

So do not become weak like this  and  Get rid of the sorrow  “, That sage  told me,

“Oh sir with   a huge   bow  , please  hear what I have to say.”


1690.”Even after losing a son who was like the eyeballs    within our eyes ,

If due to the love of life  , if we live on this earth for the sake of eating  food,

What will not people   of this world tell about us? So we will also die  and go to heaven.

Oh king with a decorated horse  , like us  , your son   ,

Would go away from you   and then only you will reach the heaven.”


1691.”Oh king  who has a white royal umbrella whose luster  never fades  ,

You said  that you have done  a mistake   and requested for our protection,

And due to your seeking protection from us  , we have not given you a more harsher  curse.

Today we have parted with our  good son who understood us  without our ordering,

And like us   you would also attain very great sorrow  and   reach the broad skies”

Saying this    they both departed   from earth and went to heaven.


1692.  “Without  any mental depression  since they said , “I would have a sweet son”,

I  came back to this city with great joy   and due to the     words of that   sage  ,

Without any change , Rama would   go to the forest   and I would lose  my soul.”


1693.Vasishata who was   as tall as a mountain   among great sages with fame,

Went to the durbar hall of the king who had rut elephants with pearl chain,

Where drums were being played and where Kings were sitting with joy   ,

Since the time for coronation of    Rama    was  nearing.


1694.When those kings having sword saw the face of that sage,

They asked ”Oh clear minded one  who is like   our father ,

Has some problem arisen for   the   conduct of the crowning of Rama,

Because we are able to hear    endless sound of crying  with sorrow ,

  Please tell us the reason    for that”.


1695.”Kaikeyi who is daughter of king of Kekaya  , got two boons from Dasaratha,

And Dasaratha  who had ruled   continuously  without stop granted those  boons to her,

Using  one she made him agree to send Rama   who was like a black cloud to forest,

Except for this there  is no major sorrow  . This   is what  , that has happened.”


1696.”Due to the order  of the king  , the true son of Kaikeyi   would  get,

The right   of protecting this earth , which  is   carried on its head by Adhisesha ,

And  Rama with a high and wide shoulders   who is the husband  of the divine lady,

Would go  and live   in the forest   alone.”


1697. Even before  those words from sage Vasishta    who is  the home of truth,

Reached their ears   , all those kings    who had   very great love  for Rama,

As well as Brahmins   and all others who have assembled at that place  ,

And also all the ladies who had tied their breasts with cloth  fell down like Dasaratha.


1698.The bodies of people   suffered  like the fire  touching the wound ,

Which resulted  in   hot breath   and made them sit  on earth with a shivering soul  ,

And roll , and the hot  tears   that flowed from their eyes  turned in to an ocean,

And the sound of loud crying   that rose from all sides, reached   the   sky.


1699.The great   ornaments  and mangala suthra   of ladies fell down,

Their tied hair fell to their sides, the Yama like   eyes   turned   red,

Their feet became red  and due to torrential wind   blowing  ,

They who were like climbing  flower plants, shivered and fell down on earth.


1700.Alas , alas that king whose pain never gets cured  is  one without mercy,

And they said, “now  we will also stop following   Dharma  ,

And they fell down like   a mara mara   felled by great wind ,

On the earth   and   wept as well as cried.


1701. By hearing the words  that    Rama would  go to the   forest,

The parrots  and Naganavai    birds   started crying  ,

The  pet  Cats   inside  those   great mansions also cried,

The small babies who could not recognize  forms also cried,

And what can we tell about how the big people crying?


1702.The young ladies   who talk with  sweet lisp which are not connected to the toungue,

From their red mouth resembling the    red  lily flowers   showing  their   teeth,

Which resemble the white jasmine flower buds,   shed  tears  like rain on their twin breasts,

And the drops resembled the   peals of a cut chain falling  one  by  one   and cried.


1703.  Similar to the king  Dasaratha  , the cows   cried  , their calves cried,

The flowers which have opened  that same day  cried, the water birds cried,

The gardens   that drip honey cried, elephants cried,

And the war horses   which move with speed of wind  also cried.


1704.Are there  more cruel people    in this world than Kaikeyi  ,

Who told her husband, “send him to the forest”    and the very cruel Kooni,

When even the people who attained   eternal wisdom thought ,

That Dasaratha would not live     if   Rama goes away to the forest?

And all others   except these two  lost their body and attained  emptiness.


1705.Would it be possible to count   those   who were  not able to  wake up ,

From the sorrow   and have lost their wisdom  and  all the streets,

Which were filled  with dust due to the running   of chariots,

Were made wet  by the tears of such people   and  ,

The only  thing we could not see  was   that  their mind did not break in to pieces.


1706.Some people said that “It is  due to the sin   committed   by the earth”,

Some other said that  “The sin committed by Goddess  who sits on lotus is much more”,

Some seeing    the wounded  heart said , “this has happened    due to fate”,

And some said, “The sin committed by the eyes  of people of earth is more than the ocean.”


1707.Some said, “Bharata    would  not accept the kingship 

Some said, “Rama now will not    return to the   country”,

Some said  ,”our fate   is very cruel  “ and some of  them said,

“The victorious crown has  come like an evil planet “ and,

“Who  are there in this world  who are more cruel than us   as we are not dying.”


1708.Some said,  “possibly our first king   due to his intense love  ,

On the daughter of Kekaya   has lost his wisdom  completely”,

Some said, “Let us  go to forest along with  husband of Sita  “,

And said, “if it is not possible , let us fall in fire  and then die”.


1709.The  people of that great city wiped   the  floor with their hands  ,

And washed it with their   tears   and saying “Kausalya  will not be  able to live”,

Continuously  left   hot long breath  and further    they said,

“Oh Lakshmana   would you bear with this   and reached  the state ,

Of   those falling in the burning fire  where ghee  is poured.”


1710.After  telling, “Lke the courtesan with red mouth    who keep on   drinking toddy,

This Kaikeyi without   any other reason  , due to the   desire ,

Of making her son as the king  , Was ready to do the sinful deed  ,

Which is berated  by all     they    with a sorrowing mind  told,

“This Kaikeyi     does not have    any love towards   the king.”


1711.”Did the emperor   want to do penance   and go away   from this earth  ,

Or did he want  to completely    destroy   all    the people   in this world  ,

Good,  The act of boon   giving by Dasaratha   seems to  be  good.”


1712. “After giving all this earth which    he   got to Kaikeyi,

And let us not go  away from Rama    who was born as an  elder son,

And made     all the world as his   and live   in this   city but  ,

Let us  go and live with him , and if we   all do so,

Even that   forest to which he goes  would become a city.”


1713.”What is this type   of nature   of the king   of kings ?

After promising the earth to  Rama who was not equal to him   earlier.

And going in Kakeyi’s apartment and promising    it to Bharata ,

Is this not the change    of his word   and is it proper.”


1714.”The lady earth which was given   to Rama   who holds,

The bow decorated by garland  of victory   in the great  hall,

Would be enjoyed by some one else  and then, even if ,

Sita goes to the forest  and  even if Goddess Lakshmi stays   here,

Would  she accept  the son of   the deceiving  Kaikeyi ?”


1715”Like   the perennial lamp whose wick is not extended  ,

And  which is not helped by adding ghee , and which has ,

A flame which wavers      due to wind  , the lasses  said,

“Are we going to part with   the proper   graceful ,

Sight from the lotus like eye   of Rama , Oh fate”   and shivered.


1716.Lakshmana  hearing that ,  “ His  step mother Kaikeyi  , who has eyes,

Which are like  a spear which has not been sharpened  , got back,

The lustrous earth by a boon   and gave my elder brother the forest”,

Rose   in very great anger   and fury like   the fire at deluge not lit by any one.


1717.With fire emanating   from the tip   and sparks hitting and burning   .

The lock of hair falling on forehead and looking    like the burning sun in the sky,

With the drops of sweat spreading all over his body  , with the big  tortured   breath coming out,

Lakshmana was seething    and resembled his  old   form of Adhi Sesha.


1718.”Did she wish to feed the sweet flesh meant for    cub of lion  ,

To the  pup  of the cruel eyed dog  , That lady   seems to have powerful brain”

Saying this  Lakshmana    clapped his anklet clad hands and laughed loudly.


1719-1720 . With his sword   tied   on the cloth  over his waist so that it could be seen,

Carrying his bow   with the   huge quiver of his     tied on his back,

Wearing   an armour made of Gold   covering his huge shoulders  ,

Which make people say that  Mount Meru is an anthill   and also covering his chest,

Wearing   the golden anklet on his legs whose sound was    shaming   the sea,

With the sound produced  by the string   when  he   was twanging it  ,

Which was   three  times louder  than the   thunder

Which occurs at the end of the world   , after   drinking  all the seven sea, he came


1721.  With all   the   beings  with body and soul in the     world,

Except he himself and his elder brother  getting scared   and moving out,

Thinking   that   the numerous  elements which are   spread   from earth to sky

Are falling down   on the   earth  , he   came.


1722.”For  making the burden    of the earth  lady  , lighter, to kill all those  ,

Who come to fight with me   and cut their bodies   in to pieces   and fill up,

The entire world   and to make my  unquestionable leader  Rama  ,

Wear the   victorious crown  , I am standing here  ,

People   who want to prevent  this , can do so.” He said.


1723. “Even if  all   the people of heaven  and earth, Vidhyadaras  , Nagas,

And people  of   all important  countries    and apart from them  ,

The trinity  of Gods who  look after the earth  , create the earth   and

Destroy the earth   came for help of  the lady  , I would not accept”  , he said.


1724-1726.When the younger   son of the emperor   showing   the very great heat ,

Like the early morning sun  which   has    come to the    centre  of the  sky,

And was rotating   like the Mandhara  mountain with properly  laid peaks  ,

Which   rotated in the sea like the churner  , in the middle of Ayodhya  ,

Rama   who  was with Sumithra   who was  upset and sorrowing  ,

Without  getting  consoled   due to the  very sorrowful act  ,

Of that cruel  Kaikeyi who had   undergone   a cruel change  ,

Hearing the  thunder  like  twang of   the storm like  bow   of his   very  able brother ,

Who was his   help, which made   the  entire world   break  in to pieces 

Rama came   wearing  shining   ornaments made of pretty gold  , 

Wearing  a pearl necklace  over  his chest,

Like   a very black cloud   which  using   the matchless rain drop  of words ,

Which can put out the burning   fire  burning upwards with  smoke   rising from it.


1727 Looking at Lakshmana   who was shining with great anger  like lightning,

Who had  a  golden body  , who had   big hands which can give like the storm,

He  said,  “My lord  , how is it that   you who never   get angry against the devas ,

Have got readied your self for a war     and are   holding   a bow?”


1728. “I wanted to make you  wear the crown before  Kaikeyi  .

Who has   a very black mind   , as she was trying to destroy  the truth,

And has    removed    , your  great   rightful kingship   , and even if  the devas,

Try to prevent it  I would like  to burn   them like the fire that burns the   cotton .”


1729.”When this very powerful bow is  in my hand  , even the devas   dare not  prevent me,

And if they try  to prevent  ,I would make them   the aim of the bows  in my hand  and burn them all,

And I would give you  all the seven worlds   as well as position of king of kings. Please accept.”


1730.When the younger brother told this  Rama  asked him  , “ Is  it not your dharma ,

To go   by the right path   in a way not to destroy  the justice  which is suitable  for the kings.

How come an anger which  goes against  the normal practice  came  in your  mind  ,

Which is barren?   What has   happened     to you  ?”


1731.When the tall Rama told like this , Lakshmana  smiled showing his teeth  ,

And said, When the father told    that  this  broad Kosala country     which spreads long ,

Is yours , you agreed to it  and so if our enemies     tell you  to go to forest,

Is it not proper     for me to get    angry.:


1732.  “After   giving you the country   in front of my eyes, if even Dasaratha,

 Who has a cruel streak   himself says , “it is not for you”   and when those,

Who do not love you   are   sending you away to the long forest ,

Would   I  continue   to  live carrying this body with weakened  five   sense  organs?”


1733.”Oh Lakshmana   who holds the spear  made of  sun light  ,

Which won over lightning as well as fire  , When the victorious  Dasaratha  ,

Earlier told , “become the king”  , without thinking   that ,

The kingship would   make me commit  many sinful deeds 

My  trying to get the  kingship  , is  a mistake on my part.

IN this where is the  mistake of Dasaratha   who destroyed    the power of his enemies.” Rama asked


1734.”Oh son  , It is not the mistake of the river ,  to be without water,

And similarly   asking me to go to forest   is not the mistake of my father.

It is also  the mistake of the mind of Kaikeyi   cherished  and nourished us.

It is not the the mistake of her    son Bharata also  , for it is  the mistake given by fate.

Why are    you getting angry for   this without any reason?”


1735. With a hot breath  like  the air  coming out of   fire of blacksmith,

Lakshmana asked  , “ How can I make    my boiling   mind cool?

Please now see the power   of my bow  which will win   over,

The mind of Kaikeyi   who did harm to you  and  is this fate  ,

Greater  than divine trinity and all the devas.”


1736.When Lakshmana told these  well thought  out words , Rama looking at him told,

“ Oh brother  , with the mouth that recited the Vedas  are you telling  whatever comes to you?

The words that you told just now  are words  that cannot stand  before followers  of Dharma,

How is  it  proper to get angry at   our father    and mother   who brought us up” 


1737,. That Lakshmana who was as angry as  Shiva who wears the crescent told,

“You are my father  and  matchless leader. No one else   except you is my mother ,

Oh Rama who learned to give to others , Today I will   get you the kingship”   and stopped   Rama.


1738. “Only she who got the boon   has the right   to get ,

The kingship of the world and Bharata will get  it from my matchless father .

And the   wealth that I am going to earn now   is penance  ,

And what    else    can be  better   than that”Rama asked.


1739.Rama who is  greatest among those with good character  further told,

“Would your anger subside only with a victory  in war over    your brother Bharata ,

Who is going to be entrusted   with   the rule of the world  . which  would be ,

His dharma  , or defeating our matchless father   who is praised  by wise people,

Or by achieving victory over our mother who has given birth to us  ?”


1740. Hearing   the words  of  that   expert  of words  , Lakshmana told,

“I am hearing the words that were told by your enemies  though ,

I am carrying   two mountain like  lazy shoulders   which are having no work,

And I have taken birth in this world   to uselessly carry    the quiver  ,

As well as the great bow   and am greatly unlucky. What is use  of your anger at me?”


1741.Rama who has seen the end of the southern language    and also ,

One who   have clearly understood    the   end  of Sanskrit  Sastras,

Looking at Lakshmana told  ,  “ Going against our father   who talked  to us sweetly  .

And was looking after    and protecting us    all these days  ,

And  ruling the earth   is  not a proper thing for me    to do,

But If you   go against my words  , what good is  going to come to you?


1742.Due to the  order of Rama   who posseses the knowledge   of the four Vedas,

Which are like the four oceans  , Lakshmana   left off his great anger  ,

And also  stopped talking against his   opinions , standing in front of him  ,

And like    the sea which never crosses  its shore , he attained peace.


1743.Rama   who was like Lord    Vishnu  ,

Who does not have beginning and    end  hugged Lakshmana

Who was  Lord Shiva  who  had the golden deer’s hide , went inside    the home ,

Of Sumithra   who spoke only words of great honour.


1744.Sumithra   after seeing   them who were   her son as well as son,

Who were like her own eyes   and who have both decided   to go to forest,

And with a wounded heart  , not able   find   the other   shore of the sea,

Of her endless sorrow   fell on the ground     and rolled,


1745.Rama supported her hands when he saw her getting feeble  and ,

With an aim of doing proper things   to console    her mind  ,

After taking out the   saw that   can cut off  the sorrow in her mind,

And told her  , I am not in a position to make the   emperor  ,

Who has ability in use  of sword    to be a liar   and I would ,

Return quickly   after seeing the great     forest surrounded by black clouds.”


1746.”Even if I go in to the forest or even to the ocean  or even if  .

I go to the land of   devas    which has greatness    and great sound,

For  me, I would feel that   I am in the city    of Ayodhya,

Who are there anywhere who can trouble me?

And so do not become     weak in body  , mind    or feelings.”


1747.When   they both were consoling   Sumithra   who was suffering from sorrow,

Though they were not able to put out    the fire of separation and were  not  able  .

To quench   the killing pain   of   suffering lonely      mind  ,

Some ladies   who were    having extremely thin waists  ,

Brought  the bark   cloths which    was   sent by Kaikeyi   ,

Who had      the bad name which will be there  forever  with her.


1748.   Those servant maids   whose minds were   shedding tears.

Like that   of the eye   and who were  liable to be greatly sad,

 On seeing Rama who had the black    colour of  the rainy cloud , told him,

“These are the bark cloths sent by Kaikeyi   who even after   seeing ,

The sorrow of others  , does not waver from her adamant  opinion   .”


1749. When the ladies   with  white teeth like the luster  of pearl,

Gave   those dresses  , the younger brother of Rama  told,

“ All the material    sent by Kaikeyi   who made him loose    his kingdom,

Are there   and  here   is my brother    who is willing to wear them,

And here I am   who   carries     the bow   which is efficient in battle  .

Who has been    born  to see them, please show them to me.”


1750.Then   that Lakshmana   with love received the bark cloths    from those  maids ,

And thinking , if only my mother    tells me  “Oh Lakshmana    leave your sorrow   

and you  also go to the forest,” that would be really great   and he     saluted,

The  feet of Sumithra    which shined like  gold   and she  also told   some words.”


1751.”That forest where Rama goes   is not a place   where  you should not go ,

It is like the city of Ayodhya only   and Rama who loves   you lot ,

Is now onwards  king Dasaratha to you   and our Sita  who wears ,

Flowers  in her   hair  ,  is  your mother  who  even after  Rama

Dared   to give  the kingdom to Bharata  and is going to the forest

Are still keeping their souls ,  and thinking like this   go to the  forest,

Along   with Rama   and your staying here further    may  be a crime,.”  She said.


1752,She further  told  , “Oh son  , you go behind him   not for moving with him  ,

Like a brother ,   but be his  slave   who   does all his job as per his wish,

If he   comes back to this   established city of Ayodhya  , come back with him  .

And if he is not able to come back to Ayodhya, give up your life before him.”


1753.Both of them saluted  and mother also wept like a cow,

Leaving  both its calves   and becoming   scared  for them,

 And both those matchless sons   removed   the thin cloth ,

That they were wearing  , wore the bark cloth and went away.


1754.When Lakshmana also wore  bark   cloths like himself  , Rama ,

Seeing the  activity of Lakshmana     who  wore garlands dripping with honey,

Said to him, “oh brother   who has the great fame  of praised  by devas,

Without saying “no”   , please   hear the good word    that I am telling.”


1755.”Oh brother  , all your mothers   as well as the king ,

Are  not like earlier times and they are drowned in great sorrow,

They have parted with me  .Please do a great help   to me ,

So that these people    who love with me  do not suffer  sorrow.”


1756.When the best among all males     Rama told like this,

Lakshmana  with his shoulders which are   like pillars, shivering.

Became scared   and started crying as the soul  which had ,

Come in him is tring to go out and asked Rama,

“What    is the mistake    that was done by me towards you.”


1757. “Oh Rama   who holds  the great bow  with its string,

If water is there then fish and blue lily can be in it,

And if the earth is there , than all these things are   there,

And so please tell who should   be there   so that ,

Me and  Sita    are  there  in this place,”


1758.”  Based on the words of Kaikeyi who wears bangles of pure gold,

“Go to forest  “,  the lady earth  is shivering for her life   and you have told,

These cruel words  possibly thinking that I am the son   of that king,

Who lives  for protecting  the truth , What a cruel word is it?”


1759.”Oh sir, Rama  these words are harsher   and more cruel  ,

Than the words   which were an order to me   to leave out my anger ,

And be peaceful, when I   got angry   at the words, “you shall go to forest”.

What words can be more harsher    than what you have told now?


1760.Oh Lord  who has   the  powerful spear in the   scabbard   which has been wiped by ghee  ,

Which  has    wiped away the kajal applied    in the eyes  of wife of enemies,

Is  going to the forest  leaving the kingdom    which was established    by our ancestors,

And which is yours by  law   and also leaving everything else including us, your duty?”


1761.When Lakshmana told like this  , unable to   tell anything  , Rama looked  at,

The face of Lakshmana   who had   mountain like    shoulders and with ,

Tears   coming non stop from his   lotus like eyes  , which was ,

Falling down once in a while   , stood there   without moving.


1762.That Vasishta who has  no sorrow and has done very great penance  ,

From the hall of the king  , with love towards    Rama , reached ,

The palace of Sumithra and both the brothers   saluted him ,

And   that sage also started getting in the  ocean of   great sorrow.


1763.Vasishta   who could realize everything  ,  saw their faces   and minds  ,

With his eye    and saw the pretty look of the bark cloths over their waist ,

And due to the raising great sorrow   forgot himself, What can we say about it?


1764.He thought, “on the auspicious day when he was to get crowned,

Due   to the coming of bad fate  , he had to wear    the bark of wood,

And if Lord   Brahma   who decides on aspect    of the fate determination ,

Himself thinks about it  , the bad   fate   is something that cannot be removed.”


1765.”This aspect  of his which  makes him go to the forest  , after wearing the bark,

Has not been made by Kaikeyi  of very bad fate  and  it is not a result  of fate,

That   comes to Rama   of very soft character   and possibly later  , it would be known,

“How  this event happened?”  and “due to whose thought  process it happened?”


1766.Vasishta approached near Rama   who carried a bow and had eyes  like red lotus,

And said to him, “Oh sir, if you leave this palace   and go by the way  of huge mountains,

Dasaratha who has   huge very strong army   would  not live and will die.”


1767.Rama who came to Ayodhya after  lying down   on a bed of serpent,

Said, “It is my duty   to   completely   and sincerely obey the order of Dasaratha,

And it is    your duty    to console him and make him rid  of problems. It is also just.”


1768. Then Vasishta told him.”   The king never   told looking at  you,

“ Go and reach   the boundary less  forest .”  but it is a fact   that  ,

Dasaratha    who possesses a spear    which has been greatly sharpened ,

Had told , Kaikeyi who talks   words much harsher   than   the arrows of enemies,

Without    any thought   that, “I would give you a boon.”That is all”.


1769.Rama who was born in this world   to establish great Dharma,

Told, “My father Dasaratha   told me that  he has agreed to give  the  two boons,

And my mother  Kaikeyi   ordered me and I  agreed to obey that order ,

And  are you  who has been a witness  to all these , trying to stop me.”


1770.When Rama told like this  , Vasishta    who was not able to reply  anything,

Made wet the earth by shedding tears from his long eyes, and Rama ,

With mountain like shoulders   saluted the sage  and reached ,

The  golden door   of the  palace  of king Dasaratha.


1771. We would now describe to a smaller extent the   sorrow of the mind  ,

Attained by the people of the city  who have seen Rama wearing,

Cloth made of bark and who was followed      by his younger    brother,

 And  with a  faultless joyful face resembling the lotus flower and have understood  his mind.


1772. Those ladies of Ayodhya who resembled the divine ladies of heaven,

AS soon as they saw Rama wearing cloth made of bark  , like   the bees

With closely formed new leaves  and which were  tipsy with honey,

  Patted    their very long eyes   with their own hands.


1773.Due to the  uncontrollable love  , they did not know themselves  ,

And even before the father  of the great one reached    the heaven,

They went there first and  was it to cut  their karma earned in this birth,

Or was it   to ensure   that  their suffering souls due to parting    never returns.


1774.Some fell down on earth  , some stood by after moaning and weeping,

And  Some were   drowned in the tears    that fell   continuously from their eyes ,

And some  suffered as  if the curl of their hair has  caught    fire and became sad.


1775.Those ladies whose speech was as sweet as sugarcane , did not shed tears,

And feeling as  if they have lost their great wealth  and stood    there,

With other people telling that   they are all cruel people with heart like steel,

And perhaps     this happened    because they had lost consciousness  due to sorrow.


1776. The body broke for some   , and the soul was not stable in side them,

And   their souls re entered the body   heralding that they   would go out any time,

And their   flower like eyes  due to the drying of tears  became wounds and shed blood.


1777.Some  valorous  people who had two elephant like    hands  ,

Due to their not wanting their heads , cut them off   with sword,

And keeping   it in one hand  . rolled it on the ground  .

And with their small sharp swords   destroyed their  flower like   eyes.


1778.The ornaments of ladies   fell down and spread everywhere ,

The gems embedded   in them came out  , the waist belt,

That they were  wearing  got cut off like a flower garland and fell down,

And their face which has become dim were defeated  by the moon.


1779.The sixty thousand wives of Dasaratha    who had faultless virtue  ,

With tears which fell like rain , followed Rama  the boy   and ,

Cried  with open mouths   and wept like   the sea   with tides.


1780.Those queens  who have not given   birth to  other sons except Rama,

Fell down on earth    like   young peacocks  , groups of  koels,

And swans  which have all   lost their wings    and greatly sorrowed.


1781.The nectar like words of those    young queens  , due  to,

Their deep breaths and limitless   crying   were defeated  by

The sound of  flute    made of bamboo by making  holes  ,

And the yaazh which was an instrument made of strings.


1782.When they  cried saying that   “ from now   the forest only,

Is the   home of Rama “ and were  pitying the fate of their son,

The red  nectar  like   mouth    of those ladies  were made further red by crying,

Made that broad palace look like  field of   thousands of open red lily  flowers.


1783. The river like   tears that they shed   mixed with  layers  of Kumkum,

Applied by them over their breasts  became like slushy   mud  ,

And fell down pulling     their pearl garlands  

Which got  down from the peak of their breasts,

 And entered   inside    their ocean like     waist belts.


1784. The  face  of the queens of   Dasaratha who was king of Kosala with many gardens,

Was like fully opened lotus flowers and was for  the  first time    seen by   the sun god,

Proving that even for the king of  gods of heaven  , when sorrow comes, all  bad events happen.


1785.Mothers  , relations  , those    who depend on the royal family,

All those   who work and live    in the palaces  and very pretty women,

Became greatly pained as if they have fallen on burning fire  ,

And came near Rama    completely  covering the door of the palace.


1786.They   all cried   and after crying slowly got up   and in all places,

They followed him like  an ocean,  that Rama who had shoulders like mountains ,

Not knowing how to console  all of them   and without thinking ,

About preventing them from   following him reached    his home  .


1787.He who had gone   in a golden chariot  where bells  have been tied,

For the purpose    of wearing    the great and famous   crown,

Returned   to that   street   that was shining    with wealth  ,

Wearing a dress   of bark  which indicated his going away.


1788.Great sages , kings of land    and all those  who stay  ,

In that faultless   city and also people  of that country,

Without knowing how to express their sorrow  ,

And  even the devas became very sad ,

Not even wanting the good that    would come in future.


1789.Some thought   that our soul is much stronger ,

Than our mind    which did not break  on seeing ,

The pretty Rama of bad colour   suffering ,

Being deceived    and suffering  .


1790. “Is the  waiting   by us   expecting   that he would come back crowned,

Meant     to   see him   going in to the    hot and horrible forest  ?

To be born in the country with  ladies  with cruel deeds  ,

Is a   great misfortune  especially having    an eye to see  that  cruelty.”


1791.Some said, “though being born as the eldest son  , who

Got the entire earth to rule  , the very strong Rama  ,

Has started his   journey telling  I would live in forest along with tigers .

Should we keep quiet seeing him go? Should we cry?. This love seems to be pretty.”


1792.Some seeing the kings who have lost their strength   and who remain ignorant,

Said.  ‘Do not engage in activities which would lead to destruction of Dharma,

And  if you do so , you would be similar to Kaikeyi, who drove away  Rama,

Who won over Parasurama    who destroyed    twenty one generations  of your families.”


1793.” The one who is going to assist Rama    who has tied    the  bark  cloth,

Prettily over his waist and who is going  with great sorrow   is ,

One  child among the two sons of Queen Sumithra  , is he the only one,

Are there  no more people    in this city who will help him,” people asked.


1794.Some said  “let us break in to two pieces  , our very hard heart,

Which is stronger    than the stone with an axe ,” , all those who run were running  ,

And when the eyes shed tears   which was flowing like a river  ,

And it made the land slushy   and  many people  slipped and fell   and became very sad,


1795.Some people removed  ornaments made   of gold   and gems

From their body,  and removed an threw away    the cloths,

Which were shining  like stars     from their body shining like lightning  ,

And     wore   vary small tight dresses   on their body.


1796.Those people who had  many children  , even  when a  son ,

Who does   not have few of the senses working dies , would take away their life  ,

But here   the king has given a boon   allowing   his son  ,

Who is eligible to kingship   to go to the forest to protect truth,

It indicates the mind of the king is made   of steel.


1797.The pretty women with  inward bending thin waists   and

Heavy   breasts which hurt   the waist  , going to one   side,

Like a flowering creeper  , with   great sorrow cried ,

Keeping their   red thin hands    on their head,


1798.  In the very tall buildings   which were like    the tall peaks 

Ladies standing on the   top floor  resembling   the slowly moving  moon,

With their tears dropping on their  tip of their breasts ,

Cooed   like the peacock which lives  on mountain top.


1799.The tears  from  the  kajal applied eyes  of the ladies   who were  seeing Rama,

From the ventilators  of buildings   where    the smoke of Akil  travels like cloud,

And   who were    having sweet voice   but were sorrowing  ,

Flowed like a stream   and  cried telling   the same words,

Like the parrot which was in cage near the window.


1800.The tears   flowing from the wide   eyes of ladies,

Who were seeing   Rama from the top floor of buildings,

Fell on  the floor of the building   and made a depression there,

Which looked  like the pits  made by ladies   getting angry at the prince.


1801.Due to the continuing sorrow   stealing the wisdom,

Mothers forgot about their children   and the  children,

Were not aware of the places    their mothers    went  ,

And due to that  they shouted , cried  and became tired due to broken mind.


1802.Because the great ladies   who had  sweet voice like the well ripened,

Kamara fruit   had all reached   the street  , the white mansions ,

Became like the wilted    lotus flower   as they have been  ,

Forsaken by Goddess Lakshmi   with  honey filled  scented hair.


1803. On one side  like the deer stuck by an arrow   which had,

Attained    near to the state of death  which were struggling,

Some ladies with falling ornaments   and with their  hair,

Resembling the cloud  rolling over earth  , went in groups.


1804.The flags flying on buildings which were like mountains  ,

Stopped flying  , the  sound coming from drums became muted,

The sound which was coming    from many instruments  ,

Lost   their sound  and all over  the earth , the dust  ,

In the outside streets subsided     due   to   the  rain  of tears.


1805.There   was no smoke from kitchens  ,The scented akil smoke,

Was not coming out of mansions  , The parrots lost the  milk cup,

And due to the  great sorrow of  the very tired  mothers  ,
Little babies lost the cradles on which bells were tied.


1806.As if the life has gone out  ,  the  face lost its luster,

The rain drops stopped falling , the horses  lost the pure water ways,

And even elephants in rut  ,  like   the bee  drunk  ,

With honey of the flower   stopped  playing.


1807.Umbrellas stopped giving shade  , the   hair of  the ladies ,

With long eyes discontinued     decoration    by flower  ,

The feet of  valorous  men    stopped wearing heroic anklets,

The  flower arrows of  angry  god of love were not able to raise  passion,

And the andril (love) birds   preferred to stay alone without mate .


1808.The sound from golden necklace  stooped ,

The drums  stopped by their sound due to being tied by thick  strings,

The sound   of   the  cloud like   chariots   were  lost,

And the streets were like oceans   which have left sound of water.


1809.There was no sound of marching in royal    avenues , the sound of ,

The  strings of  theYaazh as raised    by the music traditions     was also not heard  ,

There was no sound coming from celebrations   of the devas,

And except for the sound of crying  no  other  sound was heard.


1810.The  ringing sound    from the  pretty houses where the  anklets ,

With pure sound   make continuous sound    was not being heard,

The  tender waist belts also  stopped  making sound  ,

There  was no sound from birds , gardens did not have sound from birds,

There was  no sound of bees on flowers  and the elephants did not trumpet.


1811.The fields forgot water  , the hands

of red mouthed ladies   were forgotten,

The fire of Yagnas       forgot the ghee ,

the great scholars  forgot the sound of Vedas.


1812.Those   who were dancing  in huge groups cried,

Those who were singing    the seven nectar  like  notes    cried.

Those who developed love tiff with their lovers cried,

And those ladies who joined with   their life like lovers    cried.


1813.The elephants  did not extend their  trunk  in water ,

The horses    did not    eat    grass,  birds did not feed their young ones ,

The cows which have delivered   did  not feed    their calves,

And   became greatly depressed   and tired.


1814. The sandal paste applied     on the big shoulders of men,

Did not reach the tender coconut like  breasts  of the ladies,

And flowers which decorated    the hair   of the men,

Did not go and reach the   hairs of ladies which was empty.


1815.Big elephants   refused to wear   the good ornament of face mask,

The rows of houses  hated to wear the gem called Chooda  on their crests,

The pretty compound walls  made of gold  hated to wear   the pretty flags,

And the deer  with a soft walk  hated to be with their mates.


1816.Great  Yogis who saw pleasure and pain in same  manner suffered due to great sorrow,

And those who with a broken heart   saw this is  a result of bad Karma   with sorrow,

What is there   to think and tell in this when some    felt that it is   due to good fate?


1817.In that city of Ayodhya  , Without exception all the good souls   ,

Underwent great suffering   and   were wandering listlessly here  and there,

With their natural beauty getting destroyed, with illness of crying increasing,

With the faultless five senses getting    greatly   disturbed ,

Looked like Dasaratha   who was leaving out his soul.


1818.When that city faded and joined together  , the   servants  ,

With disturbed mind  following  him, Rama   who  was the one soul,

To   the several  beings who were travelling  reached ,

The palace of Sita who had  breasts covered with shining ornaments .


1819 With Brahmins  , great sages   and kings    who were crying and were coated with dust  ,

 Coming near him and sob  , When Rama    was coming dressed in bark cloths  ,

That were not pretty  , Sita who was like a lady     in a picture , stood up greatly disturbed.


1820.Her mother in law  hugged   the lady who stood up  and was bathed in  new   water  of stream,

Of tears coming out of her Kajal painted eyes  and who was    crying  ,

Though   she with a greatly disturbed  mind   did not know the reason for it,

With tears ebbing out of her eyes, she  looking at Rama 

She who had a shivering body  similar    to the lightning asked,

“Oh Lord who wears    golden anklets  , Is there   any  sorrow,

Which  occurred to the famous emperor   and if it is not there ,

What is the reason for this  very great sorrow, Please tell.”


 1822.He said,  “My matchless   younger brother  Bharata would,

Rule the earth   and I having decided to follow the order  of  my parents,

Would start today itself   and reach  the forest    with mountains ,

Surrounded by clouds  and reach back. Do not become sad.”


1823.Hearing that  Sita   understanding that her lord   is going to the forest,

And that he had lost the   kingdom that    was   owned by him,

Did not cry, but the  very cruel words , “I am going  and do not cry”,

Burnt her ears    and due to that   she became greatly depressed.


1824.She who was with him on Adhi Sesha in the ocean of milk ,

Thinking that “dharma would get  destroyed” , even after ,

He came to Ayodhya     did not part  from him   and when he said,

The words that  I am leaving  you , became inconsolable  .


1825,She whose nature was like that   thought that,

The orders    to him from his father and mother was indeed pure,

 And he said to me,  “You be here   in the palace”  .

And thinking about it again and again   struggled with sorrow.


1826.Rama said,”Oh Sita, your feet fed by the cold   juice of red cotton,

Are not hard enough   to walk  in the mountain paths similar   to cruel asuras,

Nor to walk in the forest path  which shows head like  a molten lac

Or to being rubbed    by the rocks    of  the   forest.”


1827.Sita   replied, “ With a least love in your mind   you are,

Leaving me and going away  , Where is it told    that,

The sun at the    time   of final deluge is hot,

Would the  big   forest be more hot than parting with you?”


1828.Rama hearing the words that were told by her,

Clearly understood   the thought   that rose in her  mind,

And not willing   to leave her there   in the ocean of tears,

He started    thinking  about what   he should do.


1829.She then went in to the private rooms in her home,

Taking a decision took the bark suitable     to be worn,

She wore it   and with a  thought of accompanying Rama,

She  went  behind Rama   and held his hand  which were long like a palm.


1830.All those who saw  Sita dressed up in wooden bark,

Fell on the earth   which is a place to die   but they did not die,

For if they have  more life span , how can they die  ,

And they would still   be living  even if deluge   comes.


1831.Her sisters  , her maids    who were with her  ,

And her  several friends     who loved her dearly,

Became like people drowned in sea of fire   and then,

The red eyed Rama looking at the virtuous Sita   told.


1832.Oh Sita   who has pretty teeth  which can win over,

Jasmine buds as well as sea pearls if they compete,

You are not thinking    about the ill effects   that may come,

And have become ready to come with me  and,

Because   of that   you would create  measureless problems.”


1833.When the king Rama    told these   words  ,

Sita who had a voice like an angry koel  seethed with anger,

And told, ‘It looks the only sorrow that   you would   face in the forest,

Is my coming with you and possibly there is some other  pleasure in the forest.”


1834,. Then Rama without    talking    any other word  ,

Not getting path, moved away   with difficulty   in the field  like   streets,

Due  to the slushy mud  created there  ,

Due to the crying   of men and women.


1835.With  Sita dressed   in wooden bark cloth following him   and with,

The strong Lakshmana   holding a great bow    going in front,

Rama who was like the cloud  started  moving, and can we ,

Describe properly   the great sorrow   attained  by the citizens.


1836.From then no body  cried and became   sad and with depressed mind,

They all   thought about it  and decided, “Even before he  reaches the forest,

We will go there, “   and with shouting “war”  ,   they all   departed   from there.


1837.Rama who held a bow which was decorated by a garland,

As soon as   he reached  the door of the palace  of Dasaratha,

Saluted his  mothers who were accompanying him  and ,

Requested  them, “Be here and  console the emperor”  ,

And all those  ladies hearing that fell down in a swoon.


1838.Those mothers who were   crying making scar   on their toungues,

Blessed   their    son as well as their daughter in law  , praised them,

And  prayed to God, “Oh Gods , protect  them and give them back to us.”


1839. After   their  mothers   parted   from them  with lot of difficulty  ,

Rama  saluted the sage who was standing in the front  , along with his,

Soul like younger brother Lakshmana   and  Sita , who was,

The goddess Lakshmi   sitting on the flower   , he went away riding on a chariot.


5. Thailam aatu  Padalam

The chapter  on  floating in oil.


(The people of the entire city accompanied Rama, Lakshmana and Sita who were driven in a chariot  by Sumantra.  The night came and when all of those people were sleeping Rama, requested Sumantra to go back    so that on waking people would think  that  Rama had   gone back to Ayodhya.   Sumantra went back to city   and along with sage Vasishta   informed Dasaratha about the going away of Rama  to the forest. Dasaratha died immediately Sage Vasishta preserves his body in oil and send emissaries to bring back   Bharata. The sixty thousand wives who wanted to die with Dasaratha    waited. Meanwhile  Rama went inside the forest  along with Sita and Lakshmana. Next day people of  Ayodhya    return back the next day,

   The order of treatment is slightly different in Valmiki Ramayana.    Dasaratha tells Kausalya about the story of his curse  . Dasaratha dies in his sleep   and this  is noticed  by his servants and Kausalya was  not present at that time. In fact Kausalya and Sumithra were sleeping at the time of his death.. There is no mention   of any wives dying in the pyre. The return of Sumatra is  only  after   Rama reaches  Ganga and meets  Guha, leaving the people Sumantra goes towards Ayodhya but returns without  leaving a mark and takes them to river  Ganges )


1840.Who are the   people   who did not   follow,

Behind Rama who was sent by his father   to forest?

None except  the king Dasaratha   who had a great army  ,

His queens  and the pictures  of Ayodhya  ,

Which did not go  because    they do not   have  a soul.


1841. That chariot   of Rama  which was   made of pure Gold ,

Went slowly  due to water spreading round   it due to the tears  shed by people,

As well as the river      of the crowds   of people  surrounding it,

And was similar   to the   the fish incarnation of Lord   Vishnu  ,

Travelling in water   surrounding   the seven worlds during deluge.


1842.The sun god saying , “I do not like   to see Rama entering the forest”,

Hastened up    to go in the stony paths    of the very deep forests,

And with stars coming out  saying , we are always there  ,

With light of sun disappearing  , and cows returning ,

With buffaloes after grazing  , he reached the mountain of setting.


1843.The  crowd of lotus flowers  which   was similar   to ,

The faces of ladies of Ayodhya   who had lustrous forehead,

Created by Lord Brahma by    breaking  the moon,

Growing in the toddy  , had lost their luster and had lost its beauty.


1844.  Because it was evening  , the sun whose light had gone  ,

Was  like the good mind of the     daughter of  king Kekaya,

Whose mind was poisoned  by Kooni    and had got faded,

And  like her mind   was dark    having lost its goodness.


1845.The  faded sky  on which the stars    were spread everywhere ,

Was looking    like the body of Indra  which is always  closely filled  

With   eyes that do not blink, due to the    curse   of the sage  ,

Who did not have    any sorrow    at any time.


1846-1847.Rama after  speedily going two Yojana   distance  from Ayodhya,

Reached a garden   which  had pleasant smell  , got down from the chariot,

And when he was   happily   staying    with the  knowledgeable sages   there,

Who were happy due to his coming  , the army which followed Rama  ,

Surrounded him in a circle    for one Yojana distance   and covered the ,

Garden so tightly that   if one   wants   to throw gingely  , there was no place.


1848.All those who went along with Rama  , never put anything   in their mouth,

They did not sleep  , They went   on crying   endlessly   and they stayed ,

On the banks of the river which looked gem studded , on broad expanse  of sand,

And on    the  grass lands   and in all places fit    for staying.


1849.On the  thin cloth which was like the film formed with hot steam,

Of the   women with eyes like two blue lotus    flowers  , in the 

Scented  Lotus flower which has freshly bloomed in the    pond,

Small girls  with untied hair  scented like musk, were sleeping.


1850.The old women   who have   walked   long distance    at the day time  ,

Who have breasts   which beat  the  flowers of coconut  ,

Young ladies    who had breasts like the buds   of lotus flower  ,

Who had sharp  black eyes ,  who were   talking   words as sweet   as sugarcane  

 On their   laps  being   the mothers   who looked   after   them.


1851.Young ladies with  kajal applied eyes  which are like split tender  mangoes 

Were sleeping   like young female elephants  on the sand mountains which   had flowers,

And  the valorous   marava lads who had    spears which always had flesh,

Were sleeping   like small eyed male elephants   which protect female elephants.


1852,Some ladies   slept in the tent made   of Kurukathi sleepers  , in the,

Outside   room   which was decorated by blue gems and looked  like the sky,

And some others  in the middle of betel nut  tree forest   in the depressions,

And on sand mountains  like a row   of winged   swans.


1853.In the scented forest of Champaka trees, some of them slept ,

Like   the vanchi creepers  which had   broken  down with great tiredness.

Some others with cloth tied over their breasts   , moving  like  ,

The Pavala creepers  which grow on sand  , slept  with great  tiresomeness.


1854,  Young ladies  , who  were not able to   see  the face   and enjoy  ,

The mercy of their husbands    who were  of good character and great penance  ,

Like the very sad dancing peacocks    who were so tired   as if their soul is going,

Slept   with their babies scratching    the tip of their breasts.


1855.Some who  were like  cool snow covering the mountain of kumkum,

Slept   with the dust of sand spreading   on their pure breasts,

Some with greatly faded faces   slept  on their pretty hands,

As if they thought    the place was filled with lotus flowers.


1856,When all of them were sleeping like this     Rama  called ,

Sumantra who has  not slept   and said, “There  is a job,

For you who are complexly faultless    and full of goodness,

That remains to be done   in the future  , Please hear about that.”


1857.”It is impossible for us to ask these  people ,

Who have great love to us     to return back and it is not,

Good to go from here   to the forest without sending them ,.

So  oh my father like Sumanthra  , if you can now  make the chariot,

Look as if it has gone back   they would think   that I have gone back,

And would themselves   go back , This is a request that I make to you.”


1858” .When Rama   of great honesty  told like this,

The charioteer told,”if I leave you here , my soul will depart from me today itself,

And I would go to Ayodhya  without soul    to see    there also dead bodies   and since,

My mind does not like that  , I who am pitiable    but would be better than,

The cruel mother Kaikeyi    and  the cruel   fate.”


1859”.Would I go and tell there   that  I left here the great Rama ,

Followed by goddess like Sita   and  Lakshmana   in the  forest with flowers,

And  Would I be able to tell   that I have returned  bringing Rama with me ?

What should I the steel hearted   man go and tell    there?”


1860.  “Would I who am a very long    standing friend   go and tell that,

Along with Sita who wears cloth over her breasts   and   who would not be ,

Able to walk  on even   that the flower used   for making garlands   along  with ,

The two strong sons  were  left  by me in the forest  to go by walk,

And I returned back without any problem driving the chariot.”


1861. Though I  am  with very strong senses   , a stone like mind   and an ignorant cheat,

Would I be able    to tell Dasaratha   whose broken mind   has  destroyed his body,

The  great words   which has been told by you  , who is extremely wise   or,

Would  it be told by the messenger of God of death.


1862.”Oh  Rama  ,to  the Dasaratha who is being kept alive   by consoling him,

By telling that  all the people in four directions   and the people of the city  ,

Would bring your son  ,would I be able   to tell these cruel words  ,

Of God of death   and would  I be responsible to kill him.”


1863.”Would I be able tell him that, the  lion among men ,

To whom you became the father  with great difficulty ,

By   doing Yagnas on fire   has gone  to the forest  ,

And If I am the last one   who would be able to see  my king  ,

 Possibly    queen   Kaikeyi    is a good lady compared to me.”


1864.After  telling Rama that these are  his views,

He  became   like a serpent   hearing the thunder 

Struggled and  became worn out   , caught  hold ,

Of the feet of Rama   and again and again,

Kept on repeating    several words   and rolled on earth,


1865. Rama  who had   controlled his five senses  , who can be approached  ,

Only with the pure wisdom which is    beyond the mind  ,

Lifted that Sumantra with his big hands  , wiped   away his tears,

Made him sit separately    and    told the following words.


1866.”oh Sumantra who has  a great mind which realizes   that ,

If one is born ,  pleasure and pain    are something which follows   from it,

Thinking that it would lead to sorrow   or  thinking that , the people ,

Of this world    would find fault with you  . how can we forget Dharma.


1867.” The great dharma    would  give fame to the one who follows it,

And would be with you even after   death  ,   would grant you the upper worlds,

And   if sweet  events  happen to us  due to that   adopt Dharma  and if,

Bad  events happen to us, is it proper    for us   to forsake Dharma?”


1868. “ Heroism  is not   the strength   that you have to face  ,

The  great and lustrous   weapons    come and hit your chest ,

But  it is   being told   as those  who do not leave    dharma ,

Even if he dies   are completely loses   all the wealth   he has.”


1869.”Oh Sumantra who   has   the spear that cuts body and drinks the blood,

Suppose I return back now  considering the   sorrows  that I need face in the forest,

My clan   which is ancient and which had kings whose fame   had touched the sky,

Would be told as one which   erred from Dharma    due to me.”


1870,  If people say that”That  Dasaratha   who has great  truth   which  is

beyond person’s capability  has sent his great    son to the forest 

Then it would be great penance to the king   and   it would be a great  penance to me  ,

If I obey it   word by word and completely. So do not take  pity on me.”


1871.”You please   go there , first meet sage Vasishta,

Inform him  my salutations   and along with him reach my father,

And     tell him    my  mind’s intentions”,   said Rama.


1872. You also tell my    younger brother   Bharata  ,

 To rule according to law   and do beneficial things  ,

To greatly  pure Brahmins   and  the devas who live in heaven.

And also tell him   to get rid   of the sorrow of loneliness  ,

By coming away from there   and tell this in a soft way.


1873.Tell him  also  not to bother   about the great sorrow created by Kaikeyi  ,

Even to a micro extent  in his mind   and show the same affection and care,

That he has to me   on the king   Dasaratha   also.


1874.  After you   go there  along with   sage Vasishta   of great penance  ,

Reach the palace   and meet Dasaratha     the greatest among males  ,

And console    him with sweet   words  and  inform  him,

That I   wanted a boon   from him   that   “I need this boon from you. Please show the same,

Love that  you show to me   towards   my brother Bharata also.”


1875.   Further tell that “ after  fourteen years   I would return,

And salute his holy feet  , and in this I would not fail”

To the king , who has   the valorous elephant with the face mask,

And    make his mind clear by the words  of the sage   who never gets tired.”


1876 .That Rama    who  is invisible and not reachable    even to the devas .

And who had reached   the forest as per the need of his incarnation  ,

Further said,  Inform my three mothers  of my salutations  ,

And request them  later to  console the king  and   stay near him.


1877.Considering that   the duty of the servant   is to obey the order of master,

And deciding that going back to Ayodhya   is the proper   thing  ,

That Sumantra who could drive the great chariot   properly  ,

And thinking that   “this is a sorrow    which has come due to fate 

And he looked   at her   who was  the cause of joy in life.


1878. That Sita   said,   “after informing my   salutations   to the king,

As well as my  mother in laws  , request  my sisters,

 Who would be thinking about me  to  look after

 My parrot  as well as my golden flower.”


1879.  That expert   charioteer   after   hearing   those words of Sita,

Becoming very sad thinking about the sorrows that Sita has to  face,

And thought  “If bad things which cannot  be prevented comes,

It would be better  to leave this life  and that it is not easy to do,

And when Rama prevented him     he  sobbed and cried greatly.


1880. That Sumantra who had impartial love towards them,

Slightly consoling himself  and told Rama, “Grant me leave to go”,

And after saluting that heroic Rama   asked   the younger  Lakshmana,

“What   should I tell in the palace “ , he told him as follows.


1881.”After announcing  in the king’s council  That   this wealth  of Kosala,

Country   is to be ruled by my lord Rama   and due to the oath,

He had given to the Kaikeyi with scented   hair  ,

That  Dasaratha   took away the kingship from Rama  .

Does  he deserve to be called    as a king   even now.”


1882.”That truthful king who made  his son go to the forest,

And  made  him  eat  the raw    fruits of tree and who,

Himself  partakes  in great feasts in the palace,

Is taking  care of his body   and does  not have ,

The strength    himself    to the forest,”


1883.Tell the king Bharata   who rules along with lustrous sword,

“I am not  born with him  who is ruling   the earth,

And I am also not an elder brother  to  my brother Sathrugna  ,

And also tell them, that   even now  I continue to remain strong.


1884.Then Rama looked at his younger brother   and said,

“Sir , do not tell the words    that are  not good  “ and

The expert on driving the chariot   with a struggling mind,

Saluted them falling on the earth and started     to return back.


1885.Then he got ready the  chariot   and   attached ,

The horses     to it in the proper   fashion,

And due to his expertise   in chariot , drove it,

In such a way  that   none who were  sleeping were disturbed.


1886.With his great character ,  the virtue of Sita   and his brother,

The lord went   to  do faultless  mercy  , wisdom and truth ,

With   only his    bow to protect him  in the mid of night.


1887.While that darkness   which was pitch black   being friendly  ,

To those Rakshasas  who  help  the  cruel deceptive deeds,

Wanting to help    their bad deeds  due to its friendship   with them,

Was wanting to  obstruct    Rama   and others  , there appeared,

In   the sky  the moon which looked  like    a hand held lamp.


1888.Dharma   who was compelling    those two  with thunder like bow  ,

Who were both supporting and keeping it alive   and who were,

Interested in destroying   the   cruel sin of  killing others  ,

Thinking of the   good things    that they are going to do  ,

Came   to see them with joy   and the  face of that Dharma,

Shined in the sky  like   the matchless   white moon.


1889.Seeing   the poverty of Rama  who was  going through,

The forest path    surrounded   by very tall  bamboo plants,

The lily flowers (changazhneer)  cried   and  folded  themselves,

And the AAmbal flowers which open at night   which were,

In look similar to head   of rat snakes   had fallen down,

And  this being so, how can the other    tender flowers open at that night.


1890. To Rama who was similar to a black mountain  , to  Lakshmana  ,

Who was like a gold    shield that was covering and protecting Rama,

And to the  tender feet of that lady with eye brows like    the bow,

The path    that they have to proceed was like  one spread with white cotton,

Due    the moon spreading its early    rays  , every where.


1891.The small feet  of Sita, with  very narrow waist and very large breasts,

And  very wealthy  luxurious black hair  are as tender   as the water bubble,

And because she was following Rama  , it  is not possible for us to know,

That  there is something greater than   the very strong love  she had  to Rama.


1892.Before   sun rose   on the east behind the rising mountain,

Rama the consort of Goddess Lakshmi   travelled,

To a distance of two Yojanas    towards the south  ,

And we would now tell about   the deeds of Sumantra  ,

Who went with a wounded mind   and stream like   tears 

On a chariot  drawn by   swift horses     speedily.


1893.Within  two hours    he reached  Ayodhya  protected by walls,

And saluted   the holy feet of    the primeval sage(Vasishta)  and 

He heard   about all that happened  , became sad in his mind  ,

And knowing all that was to come  said”Alas the king is dead.”


1894.He   along with Sumanthra went in to the   golden palace   of that king   sobbing,

“Fearing the words of the people  Dasaratha was not willing to stop Rama  ,

And Rama who is firm on Dharma  , did not hear   my advice to him,

Not to go the forest and so who are there   who have won over fate.”


1895, Lead by their innate desire,  the ministers   thought   that,

Rama has   come back in the chariot   and   went round  Dasaratha,

Who was like the moon surrounded by the cloud  ,

But  not able to see Rama with a  cloud  like body ,

And seing the state of Sumantra    with   tears,

That never could change  and   became greatly dejected.


1896.When all of them told  that, “the chariot has arrived “,

Dasaratha thinking that  the blessed one has  come back,

Got up from his swoon   and opened his eyes,

Which were like the faultless  lotus   flower,

And seeing the  sage with great penance ,

Asked him,   “Has   my hero come back?”


1897.Vasishta not in a position to say “no”  , with great sorrow,

Remained silent   and   his face itself    told Dasaratha ,

That , “Rama has not come back  “, he became exhausted,

And  the sage  saying  , “ I do not have   ability,

To see  this great sorrow  “ and went away from there.


1898.Dasaratha then looking at charioteer    asked him,

Whether  Rama is inside the palace    or far away  ,

And that expert charioteer   told him that,

“Rama along with his brother   and the gold of Mithila,

Had gone in side   the forest where tall bamboo plants   and they  are there”

And immediately   Dasaratha  lost  his soul and died.


1899.Indra and other   Gods  like him   came  in a moon like ,

Airplane lifted him in that  and becoming very joyous said,

“Our father  of Rama has come”    and took him   to the world,

Which was above the   world of God who sits on lotus from belly  ,

And made    him reach the world, from which no body comes back.


1900.Kausalya who was   like   a very great peacock   understanding,

That there is no palpitation   or breath , examining  and,

Understanding that Dasaratha is no more  with   great  sorrow,

Like a    worm without bones   which was exposed   to heat of summer   fell down.


1901.That lady    who did great penance   to  give birth to Lord Vishnu,

Who   created   Brahma from  his belly button, after loosing her husband,

Sobbed and suffered  like  devas who lost the nectar , the serpent who lost  the gem,

And started wailing   like a female  Andril bird which lost its mate .


1902.’That  Dasaratha   who cannot be opposed by any one and who has lost,

His only protection   , has left us all   alas”   said she   and  like the fish,

Which got upset   due   to  no rain  and no water in the soil  ,

And     started falling    due  to body becoming unstable.


1903.”Sons would send their   parents to the blessed other world  ,

And not only that   they would protect  them when they are   alive  , is it not?

And so how can evil occur to those    who have given birth  to  children?

But  our son   instead of coming here and saying  “do not be scared”

And protect our lives, has he not killed his father?”  saying this she started  shivering.


1904.” That very  strong Dasaratha , without illness which causes   death,

And not having lustrous    weapons on him   had died    due to his sons whom he loved.

And he    thus resembled   snakes   with dots on   the banana plant  ,

And also the bamboo plant  “ saying this she fell down fainted.


1904.That Kausalya who was struggling on the chest of the king  like  ,

Lightning streaks over the cloud   said,  “Oh Kaikeyi with very  long pretty  well made hair,

By your intelligence   you could get the earth   and got a  boon that   cannot be changed,

And have you not now itself     stopped   the counseling?”


1905. Like a she elephant    tying a   royal elephant   by her  legs ,

The sick Kausalya looking at Dasaratha   told, “Oh king who attained,

Victory over    Sambara who cannot be easily defeated  in early days  ,

You won the war  and devas lived  with joy due to you  and now  you are their guest.”


1906. Kausalya  who gave birth to Rama   whose  wealth of fame  was ,

Enjoyed by the devas    asked, “Have you gone  to enjoy the fruits of Yagna done earlier”

Or have you gone   to experience your advices   which were  matchless  and held tightly  by you,

Or have you gone to enjoy the fruits  never defeated life , led by you as per  manu’s  edict.”


1907.When the chief queen of the great king   of earth was    crying and prattling,

Her step wife Sumithra   who was also her friend   cried   and became enfeebled,

And when that  palace   was tottering  like  the rotating earth at deluge,

All other  largely ignorant   wives   of Dasaratha  came like a crowd of peacocks   and wailed.


1908.In this world  which had salt  pan  fields   surrounded by the oceans,

Those queens whom the deva maidens and other virtuous  ladies ,

Thought as most virtuous   and who had flawless  moon like faces  ,

Stood  in the palace near the stable  mountain    like   a crowd of peacocks  ,


1909.  Those queens  who were holding and not leaving  the body of Dasaratha 

Who had parted from his son and who   had lost his life   due to the abhorrent    words   of Kaikeyi ,

 And who always stood only by the truth  were  looking like  those,

Were waiting to travel in  the ship  which had crossed the ocean of birth,

And had just returned and by which the fish called Avidhya   which makes one mad travels.


1912.When all the sixty thousand queens had firmly   decided  ,to die ,

With Dasaratha  in his funeral pyre   and with the   faultless  ,

Queens Kausalya and Sumithra   becoming worried   and faded,

And when Sumantra    riding on his gem studded   lustrous chariot  ,

Went and informed Vasishta  he   looked at  the  acts of fate  ,

By his mind and eyes    and started    sobbing.


1913.That Vasishta who came here thought   that  the king had died,

Due to  giving the boon and parting with his son   and  further ,

Thinking only about it became greatly depressed   and became  like a sailor,

Of a broken ship in ocean full of waves  who had lost his capain.


1914.Vasishta   further thought that,  “Since there  is no one present,

Who can  perform the death rituals   and also thinking   that  anything,

Which comes is  bound to come   and taking in to consideration,

Normal rules of the world   and deciding that these  could be performed,

Only after Bharata   who is son of the cruel  lady who had lost her mind,

Comes to Ayodhya    took the body away   from the ocean of women,

And arranged   it to be preserved     in an ocean of oil.


1915.After telling the   sixty thousand queens that, “ When the  rituals,

Of death are  being performed by him  , you can also climb the pyre.”

And sending them away  and after making   those faultless   queens  ,

To stay in the palace  , Giving the royal order   sent emissaries .

With a request” bring back with  you Bharata   who wears the cool garland.”


1916.After those emissaries  left   for  the lustrous town of the king of Kekaya,

The very wise Vasishta  asked the Commander  Sumantra  “Perform actions,

That are needed”  and to perform his Dharma,  reached  his hermitage  ,

And we   will now tell  what happened   to people   who went with Rama.


1917.The sun that gives sun light to us  , knowing the son of  his clan,

Had died   and his sons   are   far away from him  , possibly,

Thinking that  till they come I would look after  the kingdom,

With the sea fishes    bellowing like a big drum,

With devas praying him  , with people on earth offering morning ablations,

With his sword with pure luster   shining by his side  ,

Came riding     on his chariot of sun’s rays.


1918.Those citizens   who sorrowed like  no one has done before

Who had forgotten themselves  , thinking that  Rama was still there,

Got up and went to the place Rama was there  and  not able to see ,

The cloud coloured Rama   who had   a lotus like eyes full of grace  ,

Fainted   and closed their eyes  thinking  of  killing themselves ,

And fell on the earth   and started   rolling there.


1919.They would  get up wanting to run in all eight directions,

Get up, fall down  , fall in the ocean of sorrow , ail,

“He has left us and gone away and what he did  is cruel”,

And further say, “After all  the wide  Dandaka  forest is in this world  ,

And so it is not proper for  us to loose our balance   and it is  not a crime.

Let us follow the tracks  let by his chariot    and reach him.”


1920.All of them    searched for    the tracks and found  it to be turning  ,

Towards   their great city   and   getting their soul back   said,

“All of you  please do not be afraid  for Rama has reached  back to Ayodhya,

And they shouted  with joy as if the sea and thunder have joined together.”


1921.All those people of the city who were  there  thinking that  ,

The Rama who defeated   the god of love who belonged  ,

To the matchless  spring , has returned    back to the city,

And this acted  like great medicine for   bite of   very poisonous,

Snake  . releasing the great poison from his   curved   teeth,

And they were like  people whose soul   has left them   ,

Who had taken great nectar  as medicine to cure death,

And found that the soul    had entered  in to them  again.


1932. As the path progresses   not seeing any  other mark  than of the wheels of the  chariot,

And not seeing any other marks  , with more and more  greater ebbing joy,

Like  the sea  , in the period when creation started   after deluge ,  which crossed,

The entire   limits of the   earth and  existed   within its own limits  ,

 They returned back  and reached  great city of Ayodhya    surrounded by  walls.


1933.The people after  they entered the city   heard   that   their king,

Had  attained      the golden land   and were mind broken  and shed their souls  ,

WE would not be in a position to describe their   sorrow   and they also knew,

That Rama had   gone   to the forest   and if there is a  limit of time,

When    the  rest of the soul had to go out  , would it be when they heard  that?

1934. Without being able to help the king   and not also able   to help,

Rama who went to the forest  , they  suffered  like those   closed in,

The inescapable   prison of misery   and when  sage Vasishta  ,

Who  was  with  them told  that he stayed there fearing ,

The coming of unthinkable bad name   and he removed  their ,

Extreme sorrow by  various   words  of consolations.


1935.As per the order  of the sage Vasishta  fearing the Vadavagni

Which existed in  between the   seas   , like   the deep sea  ,

Which never crosses its banks   when those sorrowing  people  ,

Continued   to live  in that city  , we will now  start telling 

About   the Rama with a strong bow   who went to the forest,

Due to penance of devas    as per the order  of the very generous  Dasaratha.


6.Gangai Padalam

Chapter on Ganges


(Rama , Sita  and Lakshmana reach river  Ganges. Saints who were living there   and received them. 

In Valmiki Ramayanam Sumanthra is with them till they reach  the river Ganges and then only returns.)


1926.Rama  whose comparison to Kajal or emerald  or the tumultuous sea  ,

 Or The rain clouds  would not be , alas ,  really adequate 

And   whose   body  which had  the destruction less  prettiness ,

With  the light of the sun  falling on him and reflecting blue colour,

Went along with  her whose  “waist “is  a lie and his brother.


1927.She who had   matchless  hair which was like black sand lying near to each other ,

She who had sweet speech which is comparable only   with nectar  churned out from sea,

She who had pure qualities  like complete   penance  and had a matchless sky like waist,

And Rama   who had the gait of a strong bull   were going on their path,

Like   the  male swan with very great pride   and the female swan with simplicity.


1928.Sita  who had pretty eyes    which defeated   the five arrows  of god of love,

As well as the sharp   arrows  of Lord  Rama  , as something inconsequential

And which were   in a position to win victory over cruel poisons  , saw that  ,

The pretty as well as proud bees  with their nature  of setting down on hair,

Were preferring to settle   down   on the flower like feet of Rama .

Rather than   the  lotus flowers   which had bloomed    all around.


1929-1930.With Sita   who had  hair scented   with perfume powders and pollen grains  ,

And had  crescent of moon    shaped forehead and   Rama who had lips,

Which added  redness to corals  walked  like cloud coming with lightning,

Like   the pretty male  elephant wearing  ornaments  coming  with female elephants .

 Rama saw the   crowd of  blue  lily flowers   being thrown   from the field Which was

Similar   to the eyes  of Sita with a voice similar      to that of a parrot  , which was

Like  the nectar like music raising from the flute with holes   which can be enjoyed by the ears.

Like   the music which comes out from Yaazh which   had tightly tied strings,

Like the pure quality honey  , with well matured   bar  of sugar syrup.


1931.That Sita   with her breasts similar   to   two golden pots  over which,

The newly formed  flower buds   have been kept   and like  the  very proud  ,

 Tusks   of the  Male  Elephant  and hairs like the cloud of rainy season,

Seeing   the presses for extracting juice   out of sugar cane here  and there ,

Went on playing with Rama who had mountain like shoulders.


1932. They both saw   ghats   made by row of pearls created   by several clams  ,

Gardens where   swans were sleeping  , sand heaps with conches  lying about  ,

Gardens   with floors showered   with dropping   flowers  ,

And Rivers which were pushing     good dust of   gold  and became very happy.


1933.  Old buffaloes   after eating awns  of paddy   were standing  with rice milk,

Flowing from the corner of their mouth  and were jumping with their legs    in to the   water ways,

The Chel and Kayal    fishes were jumping  in the river with bees flying from honey dripping  flowers,

And in the river water  that   was   rushing ,  the red legged  she swans  who were similar to ladies

Were   dipping in the river and seeing all this   they crossed the long Kosala kingdom.


1934. Those three    who were wearing ornaments   shining like sun  ,

After crossing  that prosperous   country which had wealth giving fields 

Reached  river Ganges   which was always  surrounded  ,

By sages who were greatly learned in Vedas   and which had  broad waves.


1935.All the sages   who were living on the shores    of the    divine   river Ganges ,

Became overjoyed thinking  that they have already got   the waves  to salvation,

And  with great anxiety   came    to see Rama who had   graceful  sages.


1936.The  sweet taste of the enjoyment by five  senses  of ladies,

Which cannot   be easily  understood  by others  and also  the  God,

Who can be understood   by Vedas   of the musical form,

 Were seen by them    and their mind became very happy.


1937.Those sages    who held the staff made   of Bamboo,

Ate  by their eyes the   lustrous  one with lotus eye  ,

Like the nectar churned      of the sweet ocean of milk,

Welcomed him ,  praised him sang about him and danced.


1938.Like  the parents  who daily  think of their children,

Who have gone away from home and were searching for them,

Becoming extremely joyous   , when they come back at last,

The sages  received them and  took them to hall of sacrifice .


1939.Those sages bathed   them  with the tears  flowing from their eyes,

Made them wear   the garland   of the sweet words they were speaking ,

And offered    them  the nectar called   love for them eat ,

And took away all the tiredness  they felt by walking  long distance .


1940.They then brought  very   clean vegetables and fruits from forest,

And looking at Rama told  “oh Rama who is   better   than all people,

Please   take bath in the great waters of Ganges,  grow fire,

Complete your rituals  and    then eat   this food.


1941. Rama  held  Sita who was like a lamp  for the ladies by his red hands  ,

Took bath in  Ganges , Which was made by   the washing of   his own feet,

By  Lord Brahma  using the water   in the water pot  ,

When he was   trying to remove the sorrow   of devas.


1942.The Ganges which forever  lives, saluted Rama with her hand  and told,

“all those in this earth wash away their sins   which can never be ever destroyed,

Through me   and today  , I also have washed   away my sins  through you,

Who gave me   and so I am   completely   saved,”  she said.


1943.Rama who had long hands like the trunk of  elephant with cruel eyes.

Who has the matted tuft   through which the    white Ganga  flows,

Took bath   in her   when Sita who was great in her virtue   was seeing him,

And  looked like  Lord Shiva    who wears  on his head  the moon’s crescent.


1944.Due the waves  of Ganges   which  lashes  Rama who was taking bath in her,

Looked like he was taking rest    with Goddess Lakshmi   with thin  waist and sits on lotus,

 On the silver coloured  ocean of milk   on the  Adhi Sesha once upon a time.


1945.Sita who had feet as soft as   the red cotton   with the Vanchi creeper,

Getting defeated   by her very thin waist  , with swan getting defeated by her walk  ,

Played    with Kayal fishes under  water  , hiding her lotus like   soft feet.


1946.That Ganges   though she had   been living  in   the  tough matted   hair,

Of the god of gods for a very long time   did not have the perfume of.

The garland of erukku flowers   and that of Ixora   flowers , from head of lord Shiva

And had the scent of fresh flowers  and  that of musk from  the pretty hair of Sita.


1947. Due to the white foam    rising above the   river  ,

The lady Mandakini appeared to have    white   hair  ,

And considering the lack of female company to Sita,

Acted like mother maid mother   and extended her arm like waves  and waved.


1948. The long black hairs of Sita which looked like crowd of clouds ,

Went down and was    whirling     with the   tide there   and looked like,

The black waters of Yamuna   which mixes    with river Ganges,

And   rises   above    as   the whorls which were moving.


1949.When in  the  Ganges where whirls    are made   and rise  up from there,

And in its  white water  in which fishes   which were like her eyes   were jumping,

Sita was going  down and coming up  and  appeared  like  ,

Goddess Lakshmi   dipping  in the water  of the ocean of milk.


1950.Due to the red divine   feet  of Rama    touching   it  ,

Ganges   which removes   the cruel sins   of all people,

Was able to touch the entire  body    of the holy Rama,

And  will all the world  which dips in  her, would ever go to hell?


1951.In  the ghats of Ganges   after taking bath   in her scented water ,

Rama  reached   the hermitage of those Vedic saints  ,

He  saluted the god principle which can only be realized by  very wise people  ,

And after saluting the fire  of Yagna   became ,

Dear to the wise sages and a suitable  guest for them.


1952.When the devas with lot of difficulty  brought  the nectar ,

He  made  them   to eat it by saying  , “You please eat it “,

Without him  eating  it , but he  ate  the   very soft leafy vegetable,

For the people whose mind is good  , there  is nothing  ,

Good or bad     in the service done  by others.


7.Guha  Padalam

Chapter  on Guha


  (Near Ganges they are met by the hunter king of Sringaberipura.  He became theitr devotee and slave. When Rama and Sita were sleeping on the grass, Guha and Lakshmana stood guard  without shutting their eyes. Guha helps them to cross River Ganges an tells them , that he would come with Rama declines the offer    and starts walking  towards  Chithra koota mountains.

    In Valmiki Ramayana there is a scene in which Guha helps   Rama , Lakshmana and Sita make their  hair matted.Sumanthra and Guha take leave of Rama at this time.)


1953-1961. At that time , the leader  of     one thousand boats ,

Who is an expert in war named  Guha, who has,

Been running   boats   in Ganges   for a very  long time,

Who has mountain like soldiers and who has a bow which kills enemies,

Who has  a drum called “Thudi” , who maintains   hunting dogs  ,

Who has   a  huge feet   covered  by slippers  made by leather,

Who is very black like  the darkness of night ,

Who is   followed by his  large army   and has  a thunder like   spear,

Who has  an army   which has  horn like  musical instruments  ,

The drum called thuthari , conch , the high sounding drums  ,  a drum called Parai.

Who has an  red coloured arrow  which is like an emerging leaf ,

Who is head of boats   , who is  surrounded  by relatives ,

Who are as strong   as elephants   in rut  , who wears on his thigh a dress  called Kazham,

Who is the great  fame of one who knows    the depth of Ganges  ,

Who wears a red hanging dress   tied to his   hips  ,

Who has tied on his hips  a chain  made of the   tail  of tigers ,

Who wears  a chain made of shells(chogi)  like   the teeth ,

Who has a heroic anklet   which appears  like stones arranged   together ,

Who has hair which looks like     darkness   stitched  together,

Who has   eye brows which are   like the well dried  fruit of Aali plant,

Who  has  very long straight  hairs on   his  forearm    which are   as black  ,

Like the   piece  of palm wood , Who had a very wide   chest resembling  stone,

Who  has a black  body similar   to the night   applied    with oil,

 Who has lustrous blood stained   sword  tied to his waist,

Who has   a look of the eye   similar  to poisonous  snake which makes others shiver,

Who  talks   with  out proper   sequence   like   mad people  ,

Who has  a strong hip   that   is like   the Vajrayudha  of Indra,

Who  has  eaten meat and fish  which increases   his strength   and has a face bereft of  smile,

Who  looks  like a piece of fire  even when he   is not angry,

Who has a very loud voice which makes   even Himalayas   scared,

And who  lives in a town called  Srungiberapura which is on the banks of  river Ganges,

Came  to see Rama   carrying  along  honey as well as fish  and reached there,


1961.After making the hunters who came   with him stand aside  ,

After keeping away the bow and arrow which kills enemies,

After   removing the sword  from his hip and with  ,

A very truthful and very pure mind  and  with love towards Rama ,

Guha reached   the entrance   of the saintly hermitage.


1962.Even before Guha announced himself  Lakshmana  reached near him,

And asked ,”who are you?” and Guha   saluted  Lakshmana    with love,

And said  “Oh God , I am your slave like dog who is a hunter ,

Who drives  boats to cross river Ganges   and I came  to salute your holy feet.”

(Guha is under the impression, that  Lakshmana is Rama)


1964. That younger brother told him,  “wait here” and entered   the hermitage,

And after  saluting the  great Rama   said, “Oh king  ,  to see you a man has come,

Who is pure  in mind  , who has more love than the   mother  ,

Who is the lord of boats that travel in Ganges   with lashing waves ,

And his name is Guha and he has came along  with large  crowd of relatives.”


1965.Rama liking Guha said  “Oh Lakshmana  , please   bring him   near me”.

And that cultured one  said to Guha “Please come”   and he  with great love ,

Entered speedily   and became happy  on seeing   the pretty eyed Rama ,

Saluted him with  his black hair touching the earth  and stood there,

Bending his body   and  hiding    his mouth  with his palm.


1966.Rama told him, “please take your seat here”  but he   did not sit,

Due to innate humility  and with great love  told Rama   that,

“I have brought for your food  honey  as well as  cleaned fish,

What may be  you intention?”  and Rama with a soft smile,

Saw all the  sages with great penance    and started telling him.


1967.”They are valuable and are giving me happiness  and ,

Have been brought    with great love   in the mind   and so,

They are   even superior    to the nectar  of the great devas.

And anything that is brought with love  are  definitely pure.

And they are suitable to receive by us who do penance,

And please coinsider   that I have eaten them sweetly.”


1968.That Rama     who is like  a lion further  told him,

“We would stay in the hermitage   for night and would like ,

To cross   river  Ganges  tomorrow and so  you go back to your town,

Along with your relations ,  spend the  night there happily .

And please   do come   tomorrow morning  with your boats.”


1969. When this was told by Rama  who is the colour of cloud,

Guha   who had very great love    for him told .
“Oh Lord who  owns the entire earth and rules there ,

I am only a thief who has not  uprooted my eyes,

After   seeing  you like this  and I am  not able to go away from you,

After   seeing you in this state  and so I will be here and do you service.”


1970.Rama who  had a bow wearing   the garland  of victory   heard ,

The opinion of  his   and after looking at Sita  and also after,

Looking at the   face of his brother  and said , “he has everlasting love  to me”,

And with eyes opening   with mercy   told  , “Oh friend, 

Who is sweeter than all things,  stay here   with me.”


1971.Guha  saluted his feet   with ebbing joy   and  summoned ,

His  army which  was  as wide  as an ocean    and after  ordering  them,

To provide security to the hermitage , held  in his hand his strong bow,

Tied  the  sword  and   also holding   very sharp arrows  ,

Shouted like   the thunderous clouds and stood  protecting them.


1972.When Guha asked Lakshmana , “Oh Sir  , please tell me ,

The reason for you to leave Ayodhya.”  And when the  sorrowful,

Lakshmana   explained to him   and  Guha  became   greatly sorrowful,

On hearing it  and with both eyes   shedding tears like   a stream he said,

“Alas  , though the great lady   earth  did penance  to be ruled by Rama,

She  was not lucky to get it    and later  he went  out of the hermitage  and stayed there.


1973. King Dasaratha who  chased away his enemies   who were  like darkness,

Who won over all directions  , who stayed at the top    and ruled  all over the world,

And  established  his fame , who stayed in the  minds of all  daily   and showered his grace ,

Who was dead  and who   was a great hero in war  , Lord  Sun   disappeared.


1974. In the evening time of the day, after   completing their   evening rituals,

The heroic Rama   and Sita who was like   the nectar taken from ocean of  milk,

Slept  on the earth , in the bed  made  of grasses   and their brother  ,

Till it became morning   without shutting his eyes   and holding the huge bow,

Went  on  giving  constant  protection    to both   of them.


1975.The chief of the boats  Guha   with a group of hunters   who were like elephants  ,

With  his bow  properly stringed  and arrow ready to be shot  ,

Stood there  with a mind  burning out of very great    sorrow  ,

Without sleeping    for the entire  night   and watched   the brother ,

Who was standing guard   the entire  night   without any sleep  ,

And also seeing  the way Rama    slept  on the bare earth, like a mountain, with a stream of tears.


1976.The Sun who was never born  like telling the numberless  people on earth,

That   death is certain for all of them , had set the   previous day evening,

And next day as if telling them that  , the birth has to take  place  this way rose up.

And reminded them that  pleasure  of heaven are not permanent   and should be forgotten.


1977.Seeing   the white rays  of Sun, who comes     riding on his chariot ,

The red lotus flowers which were born in    red slushy mud  opened up.

And the lotus  like face of Sita   who was red and like the Vanchi climber,

Opened up on seeing  the black sun who was   different from the   red one.


1978.Rama who  carried the extremely fearsome bow   on his shoulders,

After   completing  all the morning rituals    with great satisfaction,

Went followed by Brahmins   and looking at  Guha  who loved him,

Like   a friend who is his slave   told him  “Please speedily,

Bring   the boats  of good quality   so that   we can depart.”


1979.After  hearing the words   of Rama  , Guha with  the constant flow,

Of stream like tears  , with a   trembling soul   and unable to part  ,

From the holy feet of Rama  , fell down and saluted   Rama,

Of the colour of blue lotus, Flower of Poovai  ,  sea  as well as the clouds  ,

Along with Sita   and started   telling   all his thoughts.


1980”.Oh Rama    who wears  the flower garland   trimmed by scissors,

My people do not know deceit  and our home   is only  this forest ,

We do have  any shortages , we also posses   great strength,

And we would do service to you  in the most proper way.

Please  think us  who are your devotees  as your   relations  at this time,

And please   stay here happily   here  for a very long time.”


1981. “We have honey , millet flour , we have meat which even devas   would eat,

And our soul is purely meant to do you service and you have time,

To play with the goddess and spend your time, Ganges is there   for playing water sports,

And as long as I am alive you can stay here    with joy and happiness.”


1982.”We  have leather cloth as  soft as cotton cloth  , we  have  very many varieties of tasty  food,

We have cots  looking like  cradles   which are made of ropes, we have  storage racks  ,

We have huts to live  ,  we posses strong legs to get you anything you need with speed,

We have strong arms which hold bows which can kill    all those who stop us,

And we would bring      anything you need  , even if it is in the sky above.” 


1983.”I have  hunters holding the bow  who are  stronger than Devas  ,

Who obey all my orders  who are   five lakhs   in number,

And Rama if you stay  even one day in our huts  , we would,

Not have  better days in our lives   and all of us   would have won.”


1984.Rama after hearing all that  , with great mercy   smiled  with white luster ,

And said to him, “Oh valorous one  , we  would   take bath in several sacred waters,

And salute and serve   pure sages  and before   the time limit of  our life in the forest,

And would  come    sweetly   back   and be   with you for some  time.”


1985-1986.Guha who understood his mind  , speedily   went away from there,

And brought long boats  and Rama  , the lotus eyed one  looked at,

All the sages  and Brahmins   and said, “give me leave” and after  their reply  ,

Along  with Sita with forehead like crescent   and his brother , got in to the boat,

Told Guha” now row it fast “ and he   who was  like the body and soul of Rama,

Rowed  speedily the boat  , in the Ganges   with   breaking waves  ,

And that boat   went speedily like a swan  , making those sages  on the  banks  sad 

Who melted with emotions   like   a wax melts in a raging fire.


1987. Sita with  milk like   voice  , Rama    who was like   the Sun,

Went in the boat   breaking   that holy water , sprayed   water,

At each other  and played   and that boat   went speedily  ,

Like a crab with big legs  , with the huge   oars  having leather fronts  pushing it forward


1988.That high ganges   with sand hills   which appeared  like huge breasts  ,

Over which sandal paste    has been applied, with   the gems in it throwing luster,

With her long hands   , which are its clear waves   which were  shining  ,

With the luster  of red scented lotus flowers  , carried  the boat safely to the other shore.


1989.The Lord  after  reaching the other shore   looked   at Guha and asked,

“Please  tell me the way to Chithrakoota.” And Guha who due to his devotion,

Even was prepared to give his soul to Rama , fell  at the feet of Rama  ,

And told,  “ oh great one, this dog wants to tell you something.”


1990.”If I who am like a dog   is blessed to be permitted to come with you  ,

I would be able to  make the way very proper   for you. I have the strength ,

To bring you, very   good   vegetables,  fruits   and honey  , very properly.

I would be able to make you  places   to live   wherever we go and,

Without leaving   you even a   second, I would  be    able  to protect you.”


1991.”I would  chase and make the evil things  on the way to four directions ,

And I would be  able    to point out   forests where only pure animals  live.

I would search and bring anything    that is required by you at any time,

And I also have the strength    to do all the jobs that you command me to do.

Apart from that  I have the capacity   to walk in the forest path even at mid night.”


1992.”Oh Rama   who has huge shoulders   which make you capable to do wrestling,

I would  dig the mountain and make it into a path   and I would dig out   good eatable  roots,

I would be able to travel in hard paths   and  bring life giving water  from places where it is there,

I have   an army with bows to assist me   and I would not be scared of anything  ,

And I would live with you always not parting from    your flower  like feet.”


1993.”Oh Rama who has a matchless   chest  , if it is agreeable to  your mind,

I can bring my army also with me  and would be able to live with you always .

If some enemy who wants to harm you approaches, I would fight with them,

Even before you do and give away my life after  killing them all  .

I would not   earn any bad name   and I would  definitely come with you.”


1994.The pure one   after  hearing all the words  told by Guha said in reply,

“”You are  like my soul and Lakshmana is your younger brother ,

And  this Sita   who has  this pretty forehead  is your sister in law,

And   this world which is surrounded  by the sea  is all yours,

And I  am also one who would  obey all your commands.”


1995.”Pleasure  would come only if there is sorrow  and that pleasure 

Would be there  after  this parting,   which   is definitely a sorrow.

Do not think and worry that  in between there  is a  parting  like this.

Earlier   we were only four brothers   and we who  are in endlessly,

Growing  love   , have   from  now on , become   five  brothers.”


1996.”Oh Guha    who has lustrous   greatly sharpened    spear  ,

Your brother Lakshmana    would be there  always   with me  ,

To see that  I do not  get any sorrow   and so you   go back,

To your country   and   rule  it  , like I would rule it  ,

And  when I  am again coming   to the northern direction,

I would come to your place   and I would never fail in my words.”


1997.”Your younger brother Bharata   is looking after  Ayodhya  and other places,

And if you come with me   who is there  to protect your town and people  ?please tell.

When you say your relatives , are they not my relatives   also?

So do not become greatly sad and look after  these   relatives of mine properly.”


1998.Guha who cannot go against the orders  of Rama , with others telling,

“He has become   greatly  sick   due to parting with Rama, “  took leave,

And  Sita who was  as pretty as   peacock wearing ornaments  , Rama ,

And his younger  brother  went for  a long distance  , in that  forest dense with trees.


8.Vanam pugu  Padalam

Chapter  on entry  in to forest.


(Rama shows    the   special scenes in the forest  to Sita and walking playfully they reach   the hermitage of BHardwaja  and who requests  them to stay with him. Politely declining they walk towards Chithrakoota  mountain . They reach river Yamuna cross   it be building a catamaran. Then they reach a desert  which  though harsh   became cool to receive them. They reach  Chitrakoota mountain.

     Rama has some harsh words against Kaikeyi in this stage  , There is no mention of any desert in Valmiki Ramayana )


1999. Similar  to  the mind of the base ones   who make  love  to  the prostitutes,

It is not clear   whether   wetness  exists in the earth  in the early summer   and

The gentle  Rama   reached the forest   and  immediately   the cold  mixed with nectar,

Spread everywhere    showing   the signs of   the coming  of the clouds  with great pride.


2000.The sun  was shining its spreading rays   like   the young  moon light which is cool,

With the dense   trees providing   shade  , with rain from clouds   giving drops  like dews,

With   the young breeze from south   coming along with the fragrance  ,

They    went by the sweet path   where groups of peacocks were   dancing.


2001”.Oh Lady who wears  garland  by her mind  , who is like the deer  as well as  the young peacock,

Now  the Indragopa beetles   waking from their   sleep   would start spreading  everywhere,

And heaps of flowers shed by the ixora plants   would shine  in the evening light  ,

And  both together would resemble   like costly   gems studded   to pure gold necklaces.”


2002”Oh lady on whom ornaments are natural,  With young bees becoming  joyous songsters,

The sound  of the   rain fall acting like   drums , the joy filled peacocks    became   shy,

And  they opened their wings which    are normally folded    and when they are dancing  ,

They saw by using the several eyes   on their wings  , they saw your  form within them,

And you are going to see   many such sights    , while   we walk.” Rama told.


2003.”Oh Sita   who has body with perfume and softness  of the pretty  new  leaves of mango,

The   pretty bird   with red mouth    was spreading   red light  , and was   sitting  ,

On the pretty Kandhal flower and were  caressing   that flower   and to me,

It looked like   that you were holding   the pretty bird on your hands.”


2004”.Oh  lady  who had  eyes   which had the power of the spear  anointed  with ghee ,

And which  does not limit   to the hands but   goes up , when the peacock and young deer,

Seeing the softness   that is spread   all over    your   body   and also seeing your  eyes,

Perhaps  thought that  you belong to their species , for  you can see many  of them coming here.”


2005.”In the   surroundings where  big flowers   had fallen   from the kuraa tree  .

Which is in full  of  flowering   and from   the rain of flowers    from the  bidava trees,

A  peacock   which had risen from sleep   with  its feathers  , its peahen,

Thinking  that it made love  to another peahen   and has  entered in to a love tiff. You can see   that.”


2006.”Oh  Sita who is like Arundathi   , Oh lady    who  is sweeter  than nectar 

The Asoka  of the   forest   which bears    the  gold coloured cherunthi flowers   with close  petals ,

Shine because of    the black joyful bees which settle    on them  and  you can see ,

It is similar to the   burning fire   from the coal  , which is blown by the   goldsmith.”


2007.”Oh lady   who has young erect   breasts, who has the prettiness  of a  picture  ,

One  peacock which has fainted  saw  the bud of Kanthal plant   by its    eyes,

Thought  it is a snake  seeing its  nature   of holding  of   the plant  ,

 And thought the  jasmine buds with honey  was its    slow  smile  ,please see it.”


2008.You also see   the strong   tiger    cub that lives   on the mountains,

The young elephant   besides the  she elephant  ,  as night has fallen down and got chained,

The young calf   which are  in the homes   of cowherds ,

And several other beings   which are  playing   with each other  .


2009.”Oh lady,   whose  hair has been perfumed by   smoke of Akil,

Several flower branches   whose   ornaments  are the smiling flowers,

Are like   the young ladies with budding breasts  bathing in the   ghats,

And   you can see them dipping in the river dressed in the silk like   waves.


2010.”Oh lady who has   a pretty forehead which resembles   the bow,

Some bees  drilling in to the fully open  golden coloured  flowers,

Of the Konga tree  , after drinking the honey   are seen to be not singing,

But   sleeping  and they look like   blue gems studded on a   shining  gold plate.”


2011.”The black male bees with wings  , due to its consuming lot of honey,

And due to that   not able to open its eyes and see   and not able ,

To find a way by which  they  can travel with closed    eyes  like a  blind man,

  Are  going behind the female bees   which sing and proceeds, please see them.”


2012.”Oh lady who walks softly like a swan , the golden coloured  Vengai and Konga trees,

As if they have learn the art of decoration   from virgin girls , are   attaching,

New   soft flowers   on your forehead   along with   hair   and this looks like,

They are  loose  untied   fresh flowers  which are soft, please   see them.”


2013.”Oh lady who is sweeter   than deva maidens , like the  crowd of brown  moles ,

On your breasts which are   decorated   by  pearl  ornaments, when   the scented,

Breeze blows from the south  disturbs   the pollen grains  from the attractive scented flowers

They rise up   and are  closely scattered  in between    stones, please see  them.”


2014.”Oh lady with a voice like koel , possibly thinking   that  your soft feet,

Would not be able to walk  in the forest path,  the crowd of trees,

Are   scattering  flowers on all paths and you also please   see ,

That the creepers with flowers  perhaps being shamed ,

By your thin waists   , keep on moving  .”


2015,”Oh lady with eyes similar   to sword ,  please see ,the ornaments that you wear,

On your   flower like feet are  like the pretty bees which live  on the new leaves,

The clouds are  like your    dark and scented hair  which can hide everything   ,

And please  them as the  parts of young bamboo which are  like your shoulders.”


2016.This forest where  crowds of deer  , peacock    and koels travel,

With crowds of branches with flowers and buds   of the  Kulirntha valli creeper  ,

Which are  of several colours   and which are    faultless   and are  similar ,

To the picturesque  curtains   which are  again like  fire.”


2017-2018.That   Rama who had huge shoulders  decorated   with gold ornaments,

After  saying all this  and   playing sweetly  along with the good  Sita  , he proceeded in the forest path,

And at that time the Sun reached the western side  and Rama  then said to Sita ,

“Is this not the Chithrakoota mountain   where sages who have won over their fate  live”,

And   at that time, one great  sage called Bharadwaja   with  a love ,

Coming out of ebbing  joy  which makes   the mind full  said,

“My long time penance has borne fruit    today “ and  came out

To receive   Rama   who is the doctor   for sickness  of birth death cycle.


2019.He held  an Umbrella   a straight staff   as well as a water  pot,

He was having a huge matted hair  , covered himself with   a deer skin,

Had good dress  made of bark , had a   form in which his hair hangs ,

Had good character  so that he protected Dharma and  ,

Had a  toungue over which all the four Vedas  danced.


2020.His only wealth was   raising  the fire  which is red in colour,

And he was Brahmin who protected all souls created by Brahma  like his won,

And if he is told, “create  all  the seven worlds” he  could create them ,

Just by his thought  and did not need to be born  from ,

The  lotus  flower  that  grew from the  belly of Lord Vishnu.


2021.AS soon that sage came , Rama  threw flowers  at him,

And saluted him three  times  and that primeval    sage , hugged him,

And with a mind disturbed  thinking that  he had to hug Rama in this form,

Stood seeing down with tears  flowing from his eyes.


2022,”Oh Rama who holds a bow that  can destroy your enemies,

Who has the capacity to rule this earth for  a very long time  ,

Instead of doing that  why have you  come  to the forest  with caves,

Where the sages live   and wearing    the dress of a   sage  ,

That does not suit   you   along   with Lakshmana?”  he asked


2023.Rama then related   all the incidents   that had happened  so that,

The sage could understand them   and  hearing  that , the very good sage  said,

“Would such a  thing happen at this time?”  and grieved a lot   and further said  ,

“Alas the great lady earth has not done great penance”


2024.”How is it  that my friend seeing you who is his matchless   son , along with Sita  

Who has  coral like red mouth   which speak pure words   and   who is like a peacock,

After saying “You both rule quickly this earth surrounded by the ocean”  and immediately ,

Again said,  “Go to the forest  blessed with tall trees”, and  still manages to keep himself alive?”


2025.”Does not sorrow   and pleasure   come in life alternatively?,

Alas ,   these  are the result  of the good  act and bad acts that we  do,

And because  of that I know that no purpose  is served by my sorrowing about it”

Said the sage  and then hugged Rama, and along with him entered   his hermitage.


2026.After entering the hermitage , he gave them proper   places top stay ,

And gave them palatable fruits   as well as  vegetables  , told them sweet words,

With  very great love   and showered his grace on  the soul like  sons of his friend,

 And those   sons also became   very delighted   by his hospitality.


2027. All of them stayed there and  in the morning  that expert in Vedas,

Thinking that “If we live with him  we would get great salvation”  ,

Did all   that Rama needed sweetly   and looking at Rama  told,

“Oh Rama who has a chest covered with freshly  harvested flowers,

There  is a need for   me to tell   you about something.”


2028-2029.”There  is plenty of water here and also there  is plenty  ,

Of flowers, big fruits   and vegetables. Here bad   acts would go away,

And there is no dearth of good acts  and so you all can stay   with me,

For to those who want to concentrated  penance  , there is no,

Better place to live and also in this place   the river Ganges  joins,

With river Yamuna as well as river Saraswathi and that is why,

I am not going away from here, as   these  waters   are  sacred,

Even to Lord Brahma   and its greatness   is that, such sages,

Like me are prepared to stay here and so you also stay here.”


2030.When the sage who had undertaken  great penance  told like this with love ,

Rama told him, “Oh sage   who has a great mind due to great  penance done by you,

This place   is not far  away   from the Kosala kingdom   with great  water resources,

And if I stay here  , all the people of Kosala would   soon reach here.”


2031.”Oh Lord Rama , what you say is true, The mountain Chitrakuta,

Which even the devas salute  is  about ten Kadhams (12 km)  from this garden.

It is sweeter than even heaven   and you please stay there   with great love.”


2032Saying this the   sage bid them leave   to go with great  love  ,

And they after saluting   the holy feet of the sage   crossed,

The land of cowherds   with  flute  made of kondrai and Bamboo,

And also crossed the peak of the mountain   and by the  time,

The sun with its red rays  attained    the middle of the sky ,

Saw the river Yamuna   where   calves of deer drink water.


2033.Those three  who became coated   with dust due to walking long distance ,

Became glad on seeing river Yamuna    and knowing the rituals to be done,

Bathed   in that river  , ate   roots along with   thin fruits  ,

Drank water   and Rama asked Lakshmana , “How di we cross the river?”


2034.That Lakshmana cut some banboos which can bend   and using ,

The manai creepers  made a great  catamaran   and on that ,

Rama with   shoulders like huge stone boulders    sat with his  sweet lady,

And Lakshmana   crossed   the river   swimming with his   two hands.


2035.The younger  brother   of the best man of Ayodhya  which has,

Fields irrigated by   juice of sugarcane   flowing away from factories,

Used his shoulders   which were like Mandhara mountains  ,

To swim and the displaced water  went towards  sea in the east   swiftly,

And the   water   displaced by the catamaran   went towards sea in the west.


2036. They who were wearing   the pretty apparel made  by wooden bark,

Crossed the river Yamuna and reached its other shore   and after ,

Walking a  very long distance   they reached   a huge desert  without  roots or stems,

Where the  land was burnt   and made  even  the mind thinking about it hot.


2037. As soon as  Rama thought   that  Sita  would not be able  to cross it,

The Sun who is very hot  cooled his rays like  that of moon, the king of stars,

And  the dried plants  in that hot desert   again produced  green leaves,

And all the very hot surroundings became  forest of lotus flowers.


2038.The sharp   dried plant like stones which appeared   to have been ,

Planted in the fire   , became cold  like  flowers which have been transplanted,

They also had moisture   and the broken and thrown out plants  ,

Gave out young leaves and the seething  sword serpent  ,

Started  giving out nectar   from its teeth   and became  joyous.


2039.Clouds came in large  number and thundered and gave ,

Cool rain drops to the earth  and the hunters   who were having bows,

Did not cause  harm to the souls    of sages and young kids of the deer,

Started   drinking milk from tigresses  which hugged   and stood near them,


2040.The serpents   which used to live  in mountain caves   with burnt bellies,

Which were angry   did not  suffer any sorrow  and felt as if   they were ,

Lying in  water   with tides and the bamboo which grew up in the great forest,

Which had earlier  got burnt along with its roots   , now became soft  like  ,

The shoulders of hunter  women who had   pearl like teeth.


2041.The grass which spread  on the ground  were  like  a  green carpet ,

Spread on the ground   and peacocks waving their feathers , like dames,

Practiced   dance on  both its sides  , the bees followed these peacocks ,

Like  Pana musicians   and   sang soulful  music.


2042.Fruits though it was not time to them to ripen  , ripened ,

And big root crops   though  the roots for their growth   were absent,

Grew in to a large  size in the earth   and the  flower laden branches ,

Became similar to pretty ladies   and flowered and shined.

Is there a penance giving pleasure besides  good character?


2043.The huts   where hunters used to live became  like  hermitages of saints,

And on  both sides   the Indragopa  bees which were like red gems  appeared.

And in  all near by trees male koels  sang calling  females  who have left them,

And  the Kurundha trees   gave rise  to new growth similar  to base of peacock feathers.


2044.That forest   then  was like  the   burning  mind  of ladies  ,

With scented hair   who had  left their soul like lovers in battle field tents

  And in places   where people  go to earn money with a promise ,

That  they would return quickly     and it became like  ,

The mind of those ladies becoming cool when those lovers,

Wearing   heroic anklets   had come back and joined  them.


2045.They   crossed slowly  that desert which had got over its blemishes,

And they saw   the Cithrakuta mountains  which was   tall like a male elephant,

Looking at  a cloud hiding the moon and thinking  it as its female  elephant,

Who had its baby  in her stomach   and extended its palm tree like  trunk towards the sky.


9. Chitrakoota  Padalam

Chapter on Chithrakuta  mountains.


 (There is a great description of  the Chitrakoota mountains  is given by Rama to Sita .Lakshmana builds a hut for them with a separate   enclosure   for Sita. They start living in it.

   In Valmiki Ramayana the description is very small  and Lakshmana builds a hermitage . No mention for a separate enclosure    for Sita is made in the book. For    satisfying Vastu devathas    Rama sacrifices  a black deer . After entering the hermitage a sacrifice to Vaiswedevas also is done.


2046 That Rama   who is recognized   by the great devas  as well as ourselves,

Who  looks at us both equally , Who is faultless  , who has a merciful eyes.

And who is the pure  one who has  one thousand eyes explained   and showed to,

The daughter of Janaka who is like  a young  peacock, the nature,

Of  That Chithrakuta mountains   where   sandal wood trees   grow densely .


2047.”Oh lady , who has eyes    which are similar to sword and  spear made in to one,

And who is like peacock  , on the mountain side where cardamom   and Thamala  plants grow,

Entwining each other,  there  are  the rich black clouds    as well as elephants   which both are,

Of  long   nature and are found   sleeping  after   they  have drunk lot of water,

And it is difficult   to differentiate  between both of them,  and you may please see  this.”


2048. “Oh lady  ,  with  red lines  in your eye   which are  like  the swords ,

And one who  has koel like  voice, please  see   the jumping mountain goat  ,

Which jumps from the top of  the big mountain   and please  see  that,

Like the very clear Vedas  , due to getting mixed with   shine of emerald  ,

They look more like   the green horses.”


2049.”Oh lady who is like the youthful peacock   and who wears pearl necklaces ,

Over her breasts , the huge pythons which have kept in their huge belly , huge  elephants,

In  rut  , have  taken out their soft skins and hung  there  over   all bamboos,

Which keep on shaking from there  itself  and they like  the  white cloth banners,

Hung I n the mansions  of Ayodhya surrounded  by  gardens  , please see them.”


2050. “Oh nectar given by the ocean of milk and not of salt  ,

In the mountain valleys  of coral gems   and in other places,

The musk deer   waving its   white tail are   speedily running about ,

And they appear   like white   streams falling from coral mountains ,please see them.”


2051. The  elephant with great matchless   flow of rut  , attacked by the angry lion,

Dies and falls down  , the gems which come out of the   blood flow  of that elephant,

Are shining like   the gems  fallen down and coated    with kumkum  ,

From their cut necklaces , when the ladies have love tiff   with their  lovers .Please see them.


2052.When in the very big mountain  , moon came   on the  top peak of that mountain,

With the luster of the very big  gems    which shine like  a lamp with  extended  wick,

The great  white stream which falls from that mountain  and  is like  the Ganges,

Falling  on the pretty matted hair of Lord Shiva    who travels  on a young bull  may be seen by you.


2053.When the elephant touches   the water  of the stream,  they are sprayed  ,

With gems by that stream   and those elephants from whom water  of rut  ,

Flows  like  torrential rain , near  the round vengai   flowers  ,

They look  like they have golden  gem studded  ornament  on their head and this may be seen by you.


2054.Oh lady , just like the saying that   a single thread   is carrying   two compressed  pots  of  gems,

Having  a very thin bent waist   and   huge pretty   young breasts   and a  look like a flower branch,

The luxuriously growing sandalwood garden   due to its   growing up  till the sky,

Is preventing   the moon from entering in to it   and crossing  it. Be pleased   to see that.


2055.One playful  male elephant   which had tusks like the   crescent of the moon .

  Due to its  having great  love to its lady elephant  in the advanced   stage of pregnancy,

Is   taking  the scented honey  collected by  bees   which get their sweet voice from leaves,

From the  mountain caves  and offering  it and asking the she elephant drink it, You may see that also.”


2056.”Even if Lord Vishnu who protects   enters in to illusion  and hides  himself  ,

From the great  Yogis   who have controlled   their senses   and do not feel joy,

 He   would not hide himself   and like that   though the horse  faced Kinnaras,

Hide  themselves  , they would be visible  as a reflection  on marble stones.”


2057.Oh lady who is prettier than dancing peacock  and whose  voice ,

Is sweeter  than that of Koel, look at those  singing kinnara   couple,

Who  make the angry gypsy ladies   who  have love tiff with their husbands,

And who avoid  making love to them , to look    at them with great love .


2058.Oh lamp like lady who has   eyebrows like the bent bow  of heroes,

When the bamboos dash on climbing plants , the honey comes  out of the wax,

And this makes the  holes dug by   the gypsy men who hear  Kolli pan,

Completely   filled up with sweet honey and you may also see it.


2059.Oh lady who is the soul of one’s body like   the feminine quality  which never leaves you,

When  a  female monkey due to great love after   taking bath with the male monkey,

Sprays water  on it  , then that male monkey climbs on a huge  mountain,

And sprays back the  water from a very big cloud on it, You may please see it.


2060.Oh lady who is like a lamp  lit on the wick made   by great cotton   and filled with ,

The ghee of the nectar of the devas , You may see huge rocks   of ruby gems  ,

Which have the hot luster   which breaks the darkness  , which are stable,

In one place  and which are  in the form of a circle   that never changes.


2061.”oh  goddess  like lady who showed   the nature  of virtue   to Arundathi  ,

Due to large number   of blue bees sitting  and getting up on flower filled branches of Vengai tree ,

They dip   down and then rise up  and shower   golden flowers ,

And they look like   those  who bend and salute   and rise  up.”


2062”.Oh soft new  leaf who has  bow like   lustrous  forehead  ,

And shining ornaments The gypsy  maids  who guard the field o THinai,

On the top  of the big mountain  and who have eyes like the murderous spears,

The  red Kuruvindha  gems   which they throw   on  the birds

Coming  to eat thinai, are falling down like stars   in the sky. Please  see  that”


2063.”The  huge budle of smoke    that is going   up in the sky due to ,

The burning  of  thick Akil logs cut   by the axe  by the valorous people

Who hold the very strong bow mixes with the   smoke from sacrificial altar,

Of the   great Brahmins   and are moving in the sky like black mountain peaks.Please se them.”


2064”.Oh lady  who is like peacock   whose waist   seems to break  ,

Due to the heavy burden of her huge hair   , scented by civet cream,

Just opened flowers  , perfumes  , smoke of akil and musk,

See   the sparkling gems   in the dried  forest streams   which  are like stars.”


2065.Due to the Vidhyadhara maidens having love tiff   with her husbands,

The step marks of their   small feet  applied with the faultless red cotton juice  ,

Are  vanishing   in the ruby stones  on the mountain surrounded by clouds,

But  are  very clearly visible on the long green  emerald stones.Please see it.


2066.”Oh  help of my  life   whose belly button is similar to the  whorl made of gold,

The  scented flowers of Karpaga tree   removed from their black sand  like hair

By   the  heavenly maidens who took bath  after   removing their make up ,

Is   going down  along with best gems through  the forest  rivers. Please see.”


2067.”Please see  a monkey which took away    the drum kept for guarding  ,

By the mountain people   who were wearing heroic anklets   and playing it,

Also see a young gypsy girl   who caught hold   of the  moon   and feeling,

That  it is wrong  for this moon to have blemish   and is trying to wipe it away.”


2068.In the enclosure created by the densely growing   Kurukathi climbers,

One lady who had parted    from her husband was sleeping , and her burnt  dark,

Bed made of freshly  produced leaves   was   trying to tell us  , the sorrow,

A lady has in parting   with   her  darling lover   for many days. Please see it.


2069.Oh lady   who wears soft ornaments and whose   very thought   gives me,

Happiness similar to taking nectar , In the swings tied  on the side  of,

Honey dripping Vengai trees   as well as Konga trees  , Where the gypsies swing

Singing   the  rural  song loving, hearing which  the Akana animals   come rushing, please see it.


2070.”Oh sweet one who has red lips similar to Indragopa bees  and the flowers of Murukku tree,

The  drops of water   of the stream which is coming lashing  its waves  ,   due to heavenly ,

Maidens playing in it   gets  mixed with scented products  ,  sandal paste  , Kumkum  ,

And also scented  things given by Karpaga tree , and gives out perfume . Please see it.


2071.   Oh creeper  with pretty breasts, Making one tell that  they are small  tins made of red gold,  

Over which pictures  that  have been drawn  by red paint  and are being supported by a branch,

The shining sun   has reached the top of the pretty golden mountain ,

And please see that  is looks like  the mountain is  having a golden crown.


2072.”Oh best among ladies, on the stone in the mountain  looks as if,

The small red beads   are   spread all over  because   the bamboo   groves,

Are  showering   these lustrous  gems   on them  and  they are lying everywhere,

And you may see that   they look like   stars  spread  on  the reddish sky.”


2073.Oh  parrot like lady   who talks more sweetly than  the flute with small holes  ,

And the cool   sweet    sound raised by Yaazh    over which  strings    are tied ,

The  closely planted murukka tree which is fully covered   with open  red flowers ,

Makes it appear as if   the red fire   is burning    all over  the  forest , please see.


2074.Oh peacock like lady  who has  hands which appear as if bangles  are put in,

Kandhal(gloriosa flower),please see   that   huge elephant calves,

Take water   from the stream   in their long  leather bag with holes ,

And pour in to the  water  pots  of great sages whose  age cannot be measured.


2075.Oh peacock  like  lady   whose eyes  are like cut   tender  mangoes  ,

Please see  the merciful  male monkey, hanging  out its long bent tail  , so that,

The   sages who have shriveled eyes  and heart   which is sorrowing  ,

Can find their way   in the   mountain paths  , so that they can hold it and walk.


2076” .Oh lady  who has broad hips which   are no comparison   to the hood of snake ,

And the seat of the chariot  , The peacocks  having thin feathers on their head,

Suitable to   the pretty chest  with the sacred   thread  of  the Brahmins, fan  and

Bend  their  long  feathers  so that the fire  in the yagna fire place burning properly, please see .


2077.Oh lady having waving long hair ,who is the ornament to other peacock like ladies

Please see  , the monkeys who  by their nature makes  thema  fruits fall  , searching for and sorting,

Cotton  as well as  silk  , making them in to threads  and giving   them to  the Brahmins

 Who do good   to the world so  that   they can wear   it as sacred   thread.


2078. “Oh  lady whose form is an ideal model for    all other  ladies, see that,

The male monkeys with love bring big mangoes, jack fruit   and big  fruits of Banana 

AS well as the roots   dug out by the black boars   and giving it to the  saints.


2079.”oh lady see  that the birds  which are similar   to your  pretty hands  carrying ,

Rice awns, Thinai awns , millet awns  , beans  and  the soft rice  produced  by the,

Bamboos that bend  to the sages who have driven away  lies entering,

Inside every hermitage    with great  mercy   and love.”


2080.The cruel pythons  which are capable of  lifting and then swallowing  .

The elephants which trumpet like   thunder  , like those  who have understood,

The meaning of great books , keeping its    strength under  control  ,

Are seen helping  the   saints with matted hair  climb the mountain,

By lying like stair steps    on  their mountain path. Please see that.


2081.In the mountain where   water springs   flow  ,  to give  salvation  to those,  

Who have done great penance   and are the good people  showering tears out of love,

Like   an over turned    water pot, The golden planes is covering the  skies,

By going here and   there   and you may please   see them.


2082.Rama the son of Dasaratha   who did great penance  of truth  in the palace ,

Showed   the well ornamented   Sita   all these   about   the Chitrakoota mountain,

And when the great sages   of that great mountain   came to receive  him,

Saluted them   and became guest to those sages  of them  who have got over  past and present Karma,


2083.Lord Vishnu who is the mountain of sun rise   wearing  a thulasi garland,

For the  sake of the destruction of the Rakshasas who were dark like night,

Had sent   the powerful  wheel for   destruction to kill Kalanemi,

And the Sun god   similar    to that  reached  the mountain of setting  surrounded by gardens.


2084.As soon as the weapon called wheel went and hit the asura called Kalanemi  ,

The entire   sky became reddish possibly due to  the blood that sprang from his body,

And the moon who came  out was similar   to the teeth  of that Asura which came out.


2085.After the sun set  the lotus flowers  which were  showing their faces,

To the pretty ladies   , got closed and in  the sky like water  storages  ,

The lily flowers    which were  like stars  opened  up.


2086.The male and female monkeys looked at the trees,

The male and female elephants  looked at the way to their homes,

The faultless  birds   looked at the path to their nests,

Rama who was interested in knowledge  did the evening rituals.


2087.When the evening   neared,  many  scented   flowers  closed,

And some faultless  scented   flowers  opened and   for Rama,

Lakshmana   as well as Sita  who was  like  nectar , the hands,

And their lotus like  eyes  like the evening lotus  flowers closed.


2088.Rama who had come  to do penance  after  the parting of the evening,

Like the sea   reaching its on place  , along  the Sita without waist ,

Reached   the hermitage that   was constructed   by ,

His brother  who had   a bow that will spit   arrows.


2089-2092.After arranging  the piece of bamboos  in a long row,

And establishing   straight  logs without bends  on them,

And after  tying properly  the side reams   which does  not bend down,

And  closing over that rows   which did not have    any bend ,

And covering the   roof with leaves   of teak wood tree,

And spreading   the tall   nanal  grass all over those leaves,

And later constructing   walls   on all sides on the bamboos,

And later   applying mud over   it  , and later applying water over it,

And he also  made   a separate   room   for the lady of Mithila ,

And  for that  room   he   made the walls soft and proper by painting kumkum over ut,

And  he also   brought gem like   stones and pearls and inlaid them on that wall,

And he   also   decorated that house  using peacock feathers,

And he  also cut them by a sharp sword   and hung them all over  ,

And he built a compound wall   using young bamboo ,

And he also  strew  prettily with freshly brought   flowers from  near the river.


2093.In that hermitage built by   his younger brother  , that Rama  who stays,

In the   heart of Lord Brahma   , people like us   and in all beings we can think of,

In  a similar manner  and  as the  great God spirit   which never leaves,

Along with  Sita, the golden incarnation of  Goddess Lakshmi entered.


2094.In that hermitage    which can be   compared   to the mind without illusion,

Great Vedas  , the pure  ocean of milk and  Vaikunta , Rama   who has ,

An affection that  is difficult to get  , became very happy   and greatly satisfied.


2095.The flower   like tender feet of the   daughter  of the king of Mithila,

Came walking   through very cruel forest   and  the hands of my faultless   brother,

Constructed   this hermitage     for me  proving  that  ,

To those for whom there  is no assistance  , there  is nothing that they will  not get.


2096.After thinking like this  , looking   at  his younger brother  ,

Rama asked  , “Oh brother who  has two mountain like shoulders,

Where did you learn  how to construct    a hermitage  ?”,

And  from his eyes which resembled lotus flower, he kept on  shedding tears.


2097.Due to the order  of the king who gave me   the wealth  of kingship,

Though I followed  to observe   the spreading  dharma  from birth to birth,

And attained   the true fame   which shines    like the Sun, What is the use?.

For I have caused   you  sorrow for a long time, “Said Rama with sorrow.


2098.AS soon as these  words which touched   his mind came    from Rama,

That younger one   with a sorrowful heart   told, “Oh my father,

Please examine what I am going to say.The root cause ,

For your sorrow came because   you  were born earlier, is it not?”


2099.”Let it be like that for nothing    can be   done   about it,

For   going away from Dharma is impossible      for people like us.”

And  Rama further thinking that  and seeing the great sorrow  in the mind,

Of Lakshmana  who had become joyous  he   decided it  wss difficult to console him.


2100,. So Rama again looked    at Lakshmana  said, “For all types ,

Of wealth there  is a limit  and  what is the destruction ,

Because of  this penance   in the forest and this  penance  ,

Would lead us to limitless   joy in    the other world “ he said.


2101.Rama    who had a very strong bow   consoled  his brother like this,

And kept  on doing penance   which made   even the   devas  salute him,

And now we will start  telling   about   what happened  ,

To the emissaries     who were sent  by  Vasishta of great penance.


Ayodhya Kandam ends