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Rahasya Thrayam I-Pradhanika Rahasyam

The triad of secrets-  The important secrets

 

Translated by

P.R.Ramachander

 

   (Devi Mahatmyam  also called as Chandi  /Durga Sapthasathi, is possibly the  greatest book of prayers  addressed to the goddess. This prayer is an appendix of that great book.  In Devi Mahatmya after the sage completely relates  the story of the Goddess,  the king wants to know , who and what is the Goddess. Seeing his great devotion the sage  tells him this secret of secrets , in a series of three prayers. In the first prayer he tells how Goddess Mahalakshmi was the primeval Goddess representing the three fold division of characters.. She herself transforms herself in to Maha Kali representing the baser characters  and Goddess Saraswathi representing the noble  Sath characters. Then each of these Goddess created a male and female . These three pairs are the trinity of Hindu religion and their wives. This great secret is related in this first prayer.)

 

Rajo uvacha:-

The king said

 

1.Bhagavannavathara Chandikaya sthwayoditha,

Yethosham  prakruthim  Brahman pradhaanaam  vakthumarhasi.

 

You have told  me  about the different incarnations of Chandika,

Oh great among Brahmins , it is only proper that you tell me,

About the basic  nature of the Goddess  who is behind these.

 

2.AAradhyaam yanmayaa devyaa  swaroopam yena thadwija,

Vidhunaa broohi  sakalam yadhavath pranathasyame.

 

Hey Brahmin, kindly tell me, who salutes and worships the Goddess,

About that form of the Goddess which is fit to be worshipped as per rule.

 

Rishir Uvacha:-

The saint said:-

 

3.Idham rahasyam  parama manakhyeyam prachakshathe ,

Bhakthoseethi na may  kinchith vaavaachyam Naradhipa.

 

Oh king, this is a great secret  which should not be told,

But since you are a devotee , there in nothing.

That should not be  told  you.

 

4.Sarvasyaadhyaa Maha Lakshmi sthree gunaa Parameswari,

Lakshyaa lakshya swaroopa  saaavyaapya  kruthsnam vyavasthidhaa.

 

She who is primeval became the  form of the three fold characters,

And is the  supreme Goddess who is called Mahalakshmi,

And  she has a form that should and should not be seen,

And she exists  spreading out herself   in all places.

 

 

5.Mathulingam gadhaam Khedam  panapathra cha bhibrathi,

Nagam, lingam cha yonim  cha  bhibrathi nrupa moordhani

 

6.Thaptha kanchana varnaabha  , Thaptha kanchanca bhooshanam,

Soonyam thadakilam swena poorayamasa thejasa.

 

Oh king , Mahalakshmi who wears pomegranate , mace , shield and drinking goblet,

Who wears on her  head, the serpent(Brahma) , the linga(Shiva) and Yoni (Vishnu)

Who is of the colour of  highly purified gold,

And who wears  ornaments  made of purest gold,

Is filling the entire world  which is empty with her power.

 

7.Soonyam thadakhilam lokam  vilokya Parameswari ,

Bhabhara  roopam aparam  thamasa kevalena hi.

 

That great Goddess (Parvathi) seeing that the entire world was empty,

Assumed  another form  with the help of darkness(base nature).

 

8.Saabhinnanjana sangaasa dahtanjitha varanana ,

Visala lochana  Nari bhaboova than Madhyama

 

9.Gadga pithra sira khedair alankrutha chathurbhuja,

Kabanda haaram  sirasa bhibhrana sirasam  srujam.

 

She whose  colour was that of broken black stone,

She whose face was pretty due to  her protruding teeth,

She who has broad eyes, She who is feminine with  a narrow middle,

She who is armed  in her four hands with sword, drinking goblet , severed head and shield,

Wore a garland of headless bodies on her hip and a garland  of severed heads on her head.

 

10.Saa provacha Mahalakshmi  thaamasi pramadhothama,

Namakarma  cha may mathardehi  thubhyam namo nama.

 

She  who is of base nature and is the best among the pramadha Ganas ,

Requested Mahalakshmi, “Mother , give me a name.”

 

11.Thaam pravocha Mahalakshmi  sthamasim pramadothama a,

Dadami thava naamani  yaani karmani  thaani they.

 

Mahalakshmi then told her who was  of base nature,

And who was the chief of Pramada Ganas,

“I would give  you a name and also duties to you.”

 

12.Mahamaya, Mahakali , Mahamari kshudhaathushaa,

Nidhraa , trushnaa  chaikaveeras, kaala Rathrir durathyaya.

 

13. Imani  thava naamani  prathi padhyani karmabhi,

Eabhi karmani  they jnathwaa yodhithe sosnuthe sukham

 

The great enchantress, the great black one , The great destroyer ,

The one who is interested  in  eating  away ignorance ,

The one who  is the form of  the sleep of the Yoga ,

The one who is thirsty for devotion of her devotees,

The one who is the only valorous one ,

And the one who is pitch dark night and destroys,

Are the names of yours depending on your actions ,

And he  who understands  your duties from these names,

And keeps on repeating them  , would get a pleasure filled life.

 

14. Thaam ithyukthwa Mahalakshmee swaroopam aparam nrupa,

Sathyaakhye natha shudhena gunenemdha prabham  dhadhou.

 

Oh king, After telling like this  that Goddess Mahalakshmi,

Took another  great form, with the shine of the moon,

And which was  filled  up with  all good qualities

 

15.Akshamalangusa dhaaraa , veena pusthaka dharini,

Saa bhabhuva  varaa naari  naamanyasyai  cha saa dhadhou.

 

She was wearing a  bead garland  and a goad  and was carrying a Veena and a book.

And was  a blessedly pure lady  and for her also Mahalakshmi gave names.

 

16.Mahavidhyaa, Mahavani , Bharathi , vak Saraswathi,

Aaryaa Brahmi kamadhenur Veda Garbha cha dheeswari.

 

The great knowledge , the great words , The goddess of Bharatha ,

The goddess of voice , the lady , the power of Brahma , The wish giver,

She who  bears the Vedas  and the Goddess of intelligence.

 

17. Adho vaacha Mahalakshmir Maha kalim Saraswathim,

Yuvaam , Janayathaam , divyou  midhune swanuroopaththa.

 

Then Mahalakshmi told Maha Kali and Saraswathi,

“Please create young boy and girl resembling your forms.”

 

18.Ithukthwa they Mahalakshmi  sasarjja  midhunam swayam,

Hiranyagarbhou  ruchirou  Sthree  pumsou kamalasanou.

 

Telling like this Mahalakshmi , herself from her capacity to create ,

Created  a very pretty pair who were male and female.

 

19.Brahmanvidhe vinchedhi datharithyaaha  tham naram,

Sri Padme kamaleLakshmithyaha  matha sthreeyanchathaam.

 

That mother called that male,. Oh Brahma , Oh giver of fate , Oh creator,

And that lady Oh Lotus, Oh lotus born  and Oh Lakshmi.

 

20. Mahakali, Bharathischa midhune  swajathismaha,

Ethayorapi roopani naamani  cha vadami they.

 

Mahakali and Saraswathi also created similar pairs,

And I would tell you about their forms and names.

 

21. Neelakandam  , Rakthabaahum  , swethangam , Chandra Shekaram,

Janayaamasa  purusham  Mahakali  sithaam sthriyam.

 

Mahakali created a male  with a blue neck , with red hands ,white body,

And one who wore crescent as ornament   and a lady who is white.

 

22.Sa Rudra , Sankara , sthanu , kapardhee cha Trilochana ,

Trayee vidhyaa , Kamadhenu  saa Sthree Bhashaa  swaraaksharaa.

 

He was angry, one who does good, stable , one with uncut hair ,

One with three eyes , and she was knowledge personified,

Fulfiller of wishes , feminine , language , vowels and consonants.

 

23.Saraswathi sthreeyam  Gowrim  Krishnancha  purusham nrupa,

Janayamasa naamaani  thayorapi  vadhami they.

 

Oh king, Goddess Saraswathi  created  a girl with golden colour,

 And a male with colour of blue and I would tell you their names.

 

24.Vishnu, Krishno , Hrishikeso , Vasudevo, Janardhana ,

Uma , Gowri , sathee , Chandi , Sundari ,Subhagaa, Shivaa.

 

 

His names were The peaceful one , the black one , one controls senses,

One who is in all things , killer of bad people ,

Her names were the one who does penance , the white one ,

The virtuous one , She who is very angry , the pretty one ,

The one with all luck  and the one who is very peaceful.

 

25.Evam yuva thaya sadhya  purushathwam,  prapedhire,

Chakshushmantho   anupasyanthi  nethare  athadwidho janaa.

 

Those with eyes of Janana see this as those ladies attaining a state of male,

And others who are under the control of illusion do not see it.

 

26.Brahmane pradhadhou pathnem , Mahalakshmir  nrupa thrayeem,

Rudraya gowrim  varadhaam  , Vasudevaya  Sriyaam.

 

Oh king then that great Lakshmi , made Saraswathi the wife of Brahma,

The boon giver Gowri as wife of Rudra  and Sri  as the wife of Vishnu.

 

27.Swaraya  saha  sambhuya virincho  andamajeejanal,

Bhibhedha Bhagawan  Rudra sthath gouryaa saha veeryvaan.

 

Lord Brahma along with Goddess Saraswathi created the universe,

And the very valorous Rudra  along with Gouri  split it.

 

28. Anda madhye  pradhanaadhi karya jathama bhoonyapa,

Maha bhoothathmakm  sarvam  jagat sthavara jangamam.

 

29.Pooposha  palayaamaasa thath Lakshmya saha Kesava,

SAnjahara  jagat sarvam saha Gaurua maheswara.

 

Oh king, in that earth in the middle of that universe.

The root cause , adamancy and egoism rose to the fore,

And the moving and non moving things  of this great entity,

Was  looked after by Lord Vishnu  along with Lakshmi,

And Lord Shiva  along with Gauri destroyed it at deluge.

 

30.Mahalakshmeereva  mathaa rajan sarveswewareswari ,

Nirakaraa  cha sakaaraa  saiva naanaabhi dhanabhooth.

 

31, Naamantharair  niroopyaishaa naamnaa naanyena  kena chith.

 

Oh king, It is the general opinion that only Goddess Mahalakshmi,

Is the chief goddess of all other gods and Goddesses,

And she  along with her  form or without form,

Has adopted names such as Mahakali  and that Mahalakshmi herself,

Has already been proved by  various other names and is it not true,

That she has  been proved  by all the names that we use.

 

                       Pradhanika Rahasyam samaptham

                         Thus ends the important secret.